HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Prenatal nicotine exposure can lead to cardiac function reprogramming in adult offspring

WASHINGTON -- At least 11 percent of American women smoke during pregnancy. The negative effects of nicotine exposure to their fetuses and newborns are significant. A 2004 report by the Surgeon General, for example, found that women who smoked during pregnancy had children who were at a three times higher risk for SIDS than were the offspring of non-smokers. Now, a new study using laboratory rats, provides strong evidence that the effects of maternal smoking during the prenatal period of life can lead to cardiac vascular dysfunction beyond the formative years -- and into adulthood.

The finding is part of a new study entitled Effect of Prenatal Nicotine Exposure on Coronary Flow in Adult Offspring: A Gender Dichotomy. It was conducted by Daliao Xiao, Jennifer Lawrence, Shumei Yang, and Lubo Zhang, all of the Center for Perinatal Biology, Loma Linda University, School of Medicine, Loma Linda, and the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, California State University, San Bernardino, CA Dr. Zhang will lead a discussion of the findings at the 120th annual meeting of the American Physiological Society (APS; www.the-APS.org), being held as part of the Experimental Biology (EB 07) meeting. More than 12,000 scientists and researchers are attending the conference, being held April 28-May 2, 2007 at the Washington, DC Convention Center.

Summary of Methodology

Nicotine (2.1 mg/d) was administered via osmotic minipumps placed under the skin throughout gestation and up to ten days after delivery. Hearts were isolated from three month old male and female offspring, and subjected to 25-minutes of mechanical obstruction of blood flow ischemia followed by 60-minutes of myocardial impairment caused by opening of the blockage. Pulmonary artery discharge was collected as an index of coronary flow (ml/min/g heart wet weight).

Summary of Results

The researchers found:

  • that n
    '"/>


Contact: Donna Krupa
DKrupa@the-APS.org
301-634-7209
American Physiological Society
1-May-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Prenatal stress keeps infants, toddlers up at night, study says
2. Prenatal alcohol exposure alters brain activity in the frontal-striatal areas
3. Prenatal toxicity linked to immune dysfunctions in later life
4. Prenatal exposure to glucocorticoids has long-term deleterious effects on newborns
5. Prenatal cocaines lasting cellular effects
6. Prenatal alcohol exposure appears to increase an infants stress response
7. Prenatal vitamins may reduce risk of brain tumors in children
8. Prenatal health strongly influences future economic success
9. Prenatal nicotine exposure reduces breathing response of newborns...
10. Prenatal genistein in soy reduces obesity in offspring
11. Prenatal pesticide exposure and high blood pressure and a decreased ability to copy shapes

Post Your Comments:
(Date:1/22/2015)... man-made form of insulin delivered by nasal spray may ... with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer,s disease dementia, according ... Forest Baptist Medical Center. The study,s subjects ... (MCI) or mild to moderate Alzheimer,s dementia (AD). Those ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Report Issued by Small Cap IR. In 2011, Nilson Report,s ... at merchants on the leading payment cards rose to $135.3 ... and prepaid cards reached 6.54 billion.  Eight million credit card ... in 2012, and credit and debit card fraud resulted in ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... YORK , Jan. 22, 2015   EyeLock, Inc. , ... it has appointed Steve Gerber to the new ... will be responsible for leading development of mobile platforms and ... years of success and innovation in the semiconductor industry to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Nasal Spray with Insulin Equivalent Shows Promise as Treatment for Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer's Dementia 2Nasal Spray with Insulin Equivalent Shows Promise as Treatment for Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer's Dementia 3$4.80 Near Term Price Target with "Buy" given by CapRock Research for NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD) issued by Small Cap IR 2EyeLock Names Steve Gerber as Senior Vice President of Mobile and Wearables 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... CAMBRIDGE, Mass (PRWEB) January 21, 2015 Cambridge ... Semantic Web technology, today announced that 2014 was a record-breaking ... expanding the capabilities of the Anzo Smart Data Platform and ... discover and utilize insights from diverse data which led to ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... / Rootstown, OH (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 ... platform, announced today that it has received AOAC-PTM Certifications for ... O1O3, O111, O121, and O145; collectively referred to as STEC ... O157, at 1 colony forming unit (cfu) per 325 g ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Dr. Greg Leyer of UAS Labs recently was invited ... seminar on probiotics in San Diego, CA. , The ... for health care professionals. This year’s pre-conference seminar was held ... health. Dr. Leyer spoke about the emerging topics and science ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Diagenode, Inc., a leading global ... and complete solutions for epigenetics research, recently launched ... the need for manual processing. The new ChIPettor ... of histones or transcription factors and a semi-automated ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cambridge Semantics Announces Record Results for 2014 2Crystal Diagnostics Awarded AOAC-PTM Accreditation for the Rapid Detection of “Big 6” E.coli Food Pathogens 2Diagenode Launches Unique Semi-Automated Solution for Chromatin Immunoprecipitation 2
Cached News: