HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Preventing ventilation induced lung injury depends on giving the right number of 'sighs'

Bethesda, MD. (July 25, 2006) Ventilation therapy burst into the public consciousness more than 60 years ago with the "iron lung" and the polio epidemic. Mechanical ventilation has come a long way since then and is used today with patients who cannot breathe on their own because of trauma, lung injuries and chronic lung disease.

But ventilation demands a delicate balance between over inflating and under inflating the lungs, either of which can lead to further injury. Researchers have found that pumping too much air overdistends the lung, leading to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI).

Doctors currently use small amounts of air (low tidal volume) to protect against VILI. But low tidal volumes can lead to progressive closure of the lungs' air cells, called alveoli, reducing the lung's ability to exchange gases. One way to reverse closure of the alveoli is to periodically give a more robust puff of air, known as deep inflation.

A new study in the online edition of the American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology shows that low tidal volume combined with periodic deep inflation provides the best balance between keeping the lung open and preventing VILI in mice. And, using mice, these researchers have shown for the first time that although deep inflation is necessary, it can be overdone.

"There is still a lot of controversy and uncertainty about how best to ventilate the lung," said the study's senior author, Jason HT Bates of the University of Vermont. "One controversy is whether deep inflations, the "sighs" that each of us takes periodically, should ever be given, and if so, how frequently."

Researchers find optimal range

"This study demonstrates that an optimal frequency range of deep inflation delivery exists, at which point the potentially injurious effects of overdistention are outweighed by the protective benefits of maintaining a predominantly open lung," wrote Gilma
'"/>

Contact: Christine Guilfoy
cguilfoy@the-aps.org
301-634-7253
American Physiological Society
25-Jul-2006


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Preventing and treating lung cancer -- ESMO explores collaboration to fight cancer on all fronts
2. Preventing cancer without killing cells
3. Preventing obesity in children -- research highlights physical activity levels
4. Preventing graft-versus-host disease disease after bone marrow transplant -- without toxicity
5. Preventing bacterial biofilms could help fight TB
6. Preventing fetal exposure to popular acne drug
7. Preventing a pandemic: Study suggests strategies for containing a flu outbreak
8. Size matters: Preventing large mammal extinction
9. Preventing muscle atrophy
10. Undesirable expatriates: Preventing the spread of invasive animals
11. Preventing SCD1 expression prevents obesity

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/10/2015)... 10, 2015 Research and Markets ... "Security Competitive Profiles - NEC" report to ... NEC will continue to supply a range of ... with a company focus on the development of a ... Winning opportunities in the Asia-Pacific ...
(Date:4/8/2015)... CHARLOTTE, N.C. , April 8, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... technology solutions and services, and Morpho, a leading ... in partnership to produce the market,s most advanced ... Infinisource,s iSolved NXG time clock is setting ... attendance and labor data for the small and ...
(Date:4/2/2015)... 2, 2015 In the ... far outperforms the strongest competitors, showing outstanding performance ... the system is capable of a throughput of ... up to be ten times faster than most ... performance.      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150402/738673-a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NEC Security Competitive Profile 2015 2iSolved Time Clock Offers Unmatched Accuracy due to Morpho Biometrics 2iSolved Time Clock Offers Unmatched Accuracy due to Morpho Biometrics 3DERMALOG AFIS Emerges as Performance Winner in NIST Benchmark Test 2DERMALOG AFIS Emerges as Performance Winner in NIST Benchmark Test 3
(Date:5/26/2015)... Fluorinov Pharma (Fluorinov), a FACIT portfolio company, today announced ... its Board of Directors.  His appointment strengthens Fluorinov,s leadership ... accelerates its clinical development activities.  "On ... to welcome Luke to the Board of Directors.  Luke ... strength and success of multiple organizations," said Malik ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... SYDNEY and NEW YORK , May ... Limited (ASX:NRT; NASDAQ: NVGN ), announced today that it will ... May 28, 2015 in New York City ... by Dr. Graham Kelly , Novogen Chairman and CEO, is ... via a live webcast. To access the webcast, go to ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... May 26, 2015 Just the characterization ... long-standing unmet biomedical need does not guarantee immediate acceptance. ... that has seen many prior failures is often met ... and use is an irony that is often an ... new start-up company, Asymmetrex has found that ...
(Date:5/25/2015)... FL (PRWEB) May 26, 2015 Where ... speaker Jack Uldrich says, "The honest answer is that ... deliver four keynote speeches throughout the month of June, ... keynote topics vary from future-proofing to top tech trends. ... Uldrich's research is where the universe is expanding to. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Luke M. Beshar Appointed to Fluorinov Pharma Board of Directors 2Luke M. Beshar Appointed to Fluorinov Pharma Board of Directors 3Novogen to Present at the 2015 Marcum Microcap Conference 2Novogen to Present at the 2015 Marcum Microcap Conference 3Novogen to Present at the 2015 Marcum Microcap Conference 4In August Asymmetrex Will Present Details of Its Crowdsourcing Campaign to Determine the Extent of Application of New Technologies for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells 2In August Asymmetrex Will Present Details of Its Crowdsourcing Campaign to Determine the Extent of Application of New Technologies for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells 3Futurist Jack Uldrich Says Embracing Our Ignorance is the Key to Unlearning 2Futurist Jack Uldrich Says Embracing Our Ignorance is the Key to Unlearning 3
Cached News: