HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Record ozone loss during 2006 over South Pole

is season, polar stratospheric clouds are formed that contain chlorine.

As the polar spring arrives, the combination of returning sunlight and the presence of polar stratospheric clouds leads to splitting of chlorine compounds into highly ozone-reactive radicals that break ozone down into individual oxygen molecules. A single molecule of chlorine has the potential to break down thousands of molecules of ozone.

The ozone hole, first recognised in 1985, typically persists until November or December, when the winds surrounding the South Pole (polar vortex) weaken, and ozone-poor air inside the vortex is mixed with ozone-rich air outside it.

Envisat, the largest Earth observation satellite ever built, can localise ozone depletion and track its changes, enabling the rapid estimation of UV radiation as well as providing forecasting. The three atmospheric instruments aboard Envisat are the Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY), the global ozone monitoring by occultation of stars (GOMOS) sensor and the Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding (MIPAS).

In the framework of GMES (Global Monitoring of the Environment and Security), ESA has backed a project named TEMIS (Tropospheric Emission Monitoring Internet Service) that provides operational ozone and UV radiation monitoring based on SCIAMACHY and GOME-1 data. The ozone-monitoring data provided by these instruments span a time period of 11 years, which will be extended by the upcoming MetOp satellite series.

The first MetOp satellite in the series of three is scheduled to be launched in 2006 and will assist climate researchers in monitoring ozone levels and other atmospheric parameters. MetOp Europe's first polar-orbiting satellite and a mission dedicated to operational meteorology will include a next-generation ozone-monitoring instrument called GOME-2, intended to guarantee continuity of observation of this
'"/>

Contact: Mariangela D'Acunto
mariangela.dacunto@esa.int
39-069-418-0856
European Space Agency
2-Oct-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Record number of abstracts submitted for largest scientific congress devoted to osteoporosis
2. Record bonefish
3. Satellite instrument helps tackle mysteries of ozone-eating clouds
4. Overseas NOx could be boosting ozone levels in US
5. Study finds no safe level for ozone
6. New window into ancient ozone holes
7. NASAs aura satellite sheds new light on air quality and ozone hole
8. Study links ozone, mortality in urban areas
9. Ground-level ozone linked to increased mortality
10. Regulating alternative splicing during neural development
11. Burning fat and carbohydrate during exercise

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/14/2017)...  IBM (NYSE: IBM ) is introducing several innovative ... to developing collaboration between startups and global businesses, taking place ... the event, nine startups will showcase the solutions they have ... France is one ... a 30 percent increase in the number of startups created ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... 2017 RAM Group , Singaporean ... breakthrough in biometric authentication based on a ... to perform biometric authentication. These new sensors are based ... by Ram Group and its partners. This sensor will ... chains and security. Ram Group is a next ...
(Date:4/17/2017)... , April 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... announces the filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K ... Commission. ... 10-K is available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s ... the SEC,s website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... ... clients throughout the biopharma and life sciences industries, continue to be in demand ... Tunnell’s Kip Wolf will be speaking on “The State of Information Governance in ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... Biologist Dawn Maslar MS has ... her latest book, Men Chase, Women Choose: The Neuroscience of Meeting, Dating, Losing Your ... physiological effect on men. ”The logical next step, in my estimation, was to scientifically ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... technology for discovery of antibody therapeutics from millions-diverse immune repertoires, announces launch of ... in San Diego, California. Dave Johnson, PhD, CEO of GigaGen, will present on ...
(Date:6/16/2017)... ... June 16, 2017 , ... ... commercialization, has just announced two more sessions of its “From the Helm” Webinar ... on the world of online templates for design control exercises. Led by David ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: