HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Research uncovers signaling pathways related to brain-immune system links

New research on signaling pathways in immune cells bolsters evidence of connections between the central nervous system and the immune system. The findings may also advance the scientific foundation for a potential HIV treatment that may block the virus that causes AIDS.

The cell culture study by a research team from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online on May 4.

The team, led by Steven D. Douglas, M.D., chief of the Section of Immunology at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, analyzed neurokinin-1 receptors found on the surfaces of monocytes, immune cells that develop into macrophages. The neurokinin-1 receptors (NK-1R) are docking sites for substance P, a well-known neurotransmitter that plays important roles in both immune function and the nervous system.

In the current study, the Douglas team investigated two forms of NK-1R in a human monocyte/macrophage cell line. One was a full-length receptor, the other a shortened version with fewer amino acids. When the researchers added substance P to cell cultures with the receptors, both responded with an increase in calcium ions, but used distinct signaling pathways.

The truncated NK-IR did not respond directly to substance P, but worked through another signaling molecule, the chemokine RANTES, to increase the calcium flow. The RANTES molecule is important because it binds to another cell receptor, CCR5, which is crucial in allowing common strains of HIV (R5 strains) to infect immune cells.

Significantly, when the investigators added the drug aprepitant, which binds to NK-1R, to their cell cultures, it inhibited signaling from both the full-length and short form of the receptors.

Although the current study was not focused on HIV infection, it directly relates to broader interests of Dr. Douglas' laboratory. He currently leads a four-year program projec
'"/>

Contact: John Ascenzi
Ascenzi@email.chop.edu
267-426-6055
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
15-May-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Gilbert Foundation and American Fed for Aging Research award grants on Alzheimers disease
2. Research shows skeleton to be endocrine organ
3. Research aims to identify markers for menopausal women at risk for deadly blood clot
4. Research team enlightens the reasons for severe blindness
5. Research teams uncover risk genes for multiple sclerosis
6. Research shows NPD1 protects a key component of vision
7. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
8. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
9. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
10. Research study describes the role part of the brain plays in memory
11. NY Stem Cell Foundations 2nd Annual Translational Stem Cell Research Conference

Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/7/2014)... 7, 2014  In conjunction with the Glendale ... The Community Foundation of the Verdugos has announced the " ... PROJECT," a $250,000 initiative to keep the Verdugo Regional Crime ... first six months of existence, the Lab has processed more ... local law enforcement. "Because our number one priority ...
(Date:11/6/2014)... Medicine, Inc, a Baltimore-based bioinformatics company focused on ... a research collaboration with the international leader in ... CSBR). , "There are many companies utilizing advances ... TumorGraft technology is unique in a way that ... vast amounts of valuable data. Our bioinformatic analysis ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... death at the right time might actually help boost ... could help in understanding animal populations, pest control and ... in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution ... that the kind of positive population effect an overall ... depends on the size and developmental stage of the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Community Foundation Of The Verdugos Unveils Campaign To Fund Glendale-Burbank DNA Justice Project 2Insilico Medicine, Inc announces research collaboration with Champions Oncology, Inc 2When less is more: Death in moderation boosts population density in nature 2
(Date:11/26/2014)... , Nov. 26, 2014 Space is one ... of space requires astronauts to maintain consistently high levels ... and prevent potential errors and accidents. Despite the importance ... about how cognition is affected by prolonged spaceflight, and ... Now, Penn Medicine researchers are poised to help the ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... November 26, 2014 On January, 14, ... Baltimore and Washington D.C. science community to the UMBC ... event, sponsored by the Protein Society, will take place ... Center, Room 312. Through discussion, presentations and workshops, ... importance of proteins, their role in the industry and ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... Winston-Salem, NC (PRWEB) November 26, 2014 ... Medical Advisory Board. PMG Research is a network of sites ... with access to over 2 million patient lives through its ... Research is comprised of 11 hub site locations in the ... , The first term of the board will ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... November 25, 2014 SonaCare Medical, ... Ultrasound (HIFU) devices, recently participated in the American ... Mass 360° .” Key opinion leaders in urology ... related to small renal masses while attendees had ... ablative technologies in hands-on labs. Attendees at the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Penn Medicine Team Develops Cognitive Test Battery to Assess the Impact of Long Duration Spaceflights on Astronauts' Brain Function 2Penn Medicine Team Develops Cognitive Test Battery to Assess the Impact of Long Duration Spaceflights on Astronauts' Brain Function 3Penn Medicine Team Develops Cognitive Test Battery to Assess the Impact of Long Duration Spaceflights on Astronauts' Brain Function 4PMG Research Names Medical Advisory Board 2PMG Research Names Medical Advisory Board 3SonaCare Medical Supports American Urology Association’s Small Renal Mass 360° Summit 2SonaCare Medical Supports American Urology Association’s Small Renal Mass 360° Summit 3
Cached News: