HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Research uncovers signaling pathways related to brain-immune system links

New research on signaling pathways in immune cells bolsters evidence of connections between the central nervous system and the immune system. The findings may also advance the scientific foundation for a potential HIV treatment that may block the virus that causes AIDS.

The cell culture study by a research team from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online on May 4.

The team, led by Steven D. Douglas, M.D., chief of the Section of Immunology at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, analyzed neurokinin-1 receptors found on the surfaces of monocytes, immune cells that develop into macrophages. The neurokinin-1 receptors (NK-1R) are docking sites for substance P, a well-known neurotransmitter that plays important roles in both immune function and the nervous system.

In the current study, the Douglas team investigated two forms of NK-1R in a human monocyte/macrophage cell line. One was a full-length receptor, the other a shortened version with fewer amino acids. When the researchers added substance P to cell cultures with the receptors, both responded with an increase in calcium ions, but used distinct signaling pathways.

The truncated NK-IR did not respond directly to substance P, but worked through another signaling molecule, the chemokine RANTES, to increase the calcium flow. The RANTES molecule is important because it binds to another cell receptor, CCR5, which is crucial in allowing common strains of HIV (R5 strains) to infect immune cells.

Significantly, when the investigators added the drug aprepitant, which binds to NK-1R, to their cell cultures, it inhibited signaling from both the full-length and short form of the receptors.

Although the current study was not focused on HIV infection, it directly relates to broader interests of Dr. Douglas' laboratory. He currently leads a four-year program projec
'"/>

Contact: John Ascenzi
Ascenzi@email.chop.edu
267-426-6055
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
15-May-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Gilbert Foundation and American Fed for Aging Research award grants on Alzheimers disease
2. Research shows skeleton to be endocrine organ
3. Research aims to identify markers for menopausal women at risk for deadly blood clot
4. Research team enlightens the reasons for severe blindness
5. Research teams uncover risk genes for multiple sclerosis
6. Research shows NPD1 protects a key component of vision
7. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
8. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
9. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
10. Research study describes the role part of the brain plays in memory
11. NY Stem Cell Foundations 2nd Annual Translational Stem Cell Research Conference

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/6/2015)... , Aug. 6, 2015 Synaptics Inc. ... human interface solutions, today announced collaboration with Microsoft ... Windows 10. Microsoft leveraged Synaptics, deep expertise in ... system. Through stringent testing, Synaptics, ... certified with Microsoft,s Precision TouchPad (PTP) specification empowering ...
(Date:8/5/2015)... MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. , Aug. 5, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... it exhibits continuous growth in applications, penetration into newer ... year after year. The global biosensors space has seen ... having exited the market so far. (Photo ... from Frost & Sullivan, Analysis of the Global ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Aug. 3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... developer of human interface solutions, today announced that members ... investment community at the Pacific Crest Global Technology Leadership ... Mountain Time. The conference will be held at the ... The presentation may include forward-looking information. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Synaptics Chosen for Human Interface Co-Development on Windows 10 2Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 2Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 3Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 4
(Date:8/28/2015)... -- According to a new market research ... Thawing Equipment, Alarms), by Biospecimen (Human Tissue, Stem Cells, ... - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... Million by 2020 from USD 2,150.48 Million in 2015, ... 2020. Browse 74 Tables and 95 ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... 2015 /PRNewswire/ - RepliCel Life Sciences Inc. (OTCQB: ... focused on the development of autologous cell therapies, ... June 30, 2015, corporate highlights, and near-term milestones.  ... available at www.sedar.com ,  www.edgar.com ... "RepliCel expects to launch its RCS-01 treatment for ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... August 27, 2015 , ... ... venture capital funds, investment firms and animal health companies to hear from animal ... $160 million. Several have also received licensing agreements or distribution contracts. This ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... /PRNewswire/ - Portage Biotech Inc. ("Portage") (OTC Market: ... Holding Company Limited (Biohaven), announced today that dosing ... BHV-0223, a glutamate modulating agent. Biohaven filed an ... obtained clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug ... holds 54% equity interest in Biohaven, a private ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Biopreservation Market Worth 3,731.03 Million USD by 2020 2Biopreservation Market Worth 3,731.03 Million USD by 2020 3Biopreservation Market Worth 3,731.03 Million USD by 2020 4Biopreservation Market Worth 3,731.03 Million USD by 2020 5RepliCel Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2RepliCel Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3RepliCel Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4RepliCel Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5VetStem Biopharma, Inc. Among Seventeen Companies Selected to Present at the KC Animal Health Investment Forum on September 1st 2015 2VetStem Biopharma, Inc. Among Seventeen Companies Selected to Present at the KC Animal Health Investment Forum on September 1st 2015 3Portage's Biohaven doses first human subject in Phase 1 trial with lead drug candidate BHV-0223 2Portage's Biohaven doses first human subject in Phase 1 trial with lead drug candidate BHV-0223 3Portage's Biohaven doses first human subject in Phase 1 trial with lead drug candidate BHV-0223 4
Cached News: