HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researcher finds negative effects of colonization on slash-and-burn farming method in western Borneo

COLUMBIA, Mo. A researcher at the University of Missouri-Columbia has examined the slash-and-burn farming method traditionally used by the Iban, a widespread indigenous population that lives in northwestern Borneo in Southeast Asia. Researchers have long argued about the environmental effects of this type of agriculture.

Reed L. Wadley, assistant professor of anthropology in the College of Arts and Science, found that an intense 50-year period of colonial fighting to subdue the Iban contributed to an increased use of slash-and-burn farming, also called swidden or shifting cultivation.

"The Europeans called the Iban methods 'plunder-farming,' but the unsustainable aspects of this farming at the time were, in part, exacerbated by the Europeans' methods of pacifying the Iban," Wadley said. "The fear, insecurity and demoralization that this fighting produced created short-term survival strategies, including a preference for old growth forest and unsustainable farming practices."

According to Wadley, the Iban traditionally lived in longhouses (compounds made of semi-autonomous, usually related families) and still practice a variety of agricultural techniques, including swidden farming. The swidden method involves cutting down forested areas, burning the vegetation to produce fertile ash and then farming that land for a period of time. Sometimes the Iban used old growth forest, while at other times this was done with secondary forest (forest that had been more recently farmed and then left fallow, which is most common today). Rice farming remains essential to the Iban, both economically and spiritually.

Wadley's study, based on Dutch archival data, has been published in the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. In the study, Wadley argued that the pacification methods used by the colonial Dutch and British in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries contributed to increased slashing and burning of old growth f
'"/>

Contact: Katherine Kostiuk
KostiukK@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia
24-Apr-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
2. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
3. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
4. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
5. Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
6. Researchers use new approach to predict protein function
7. Researchers probe risks, benefits of folic acid fortification
8. Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation
9. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
10. Researchers use adult stem cells to create soft tissue
11. Researchers find gene that spurs development of the epididymis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/28/2020)... ... May 28, 2020 , ... ... enzyme solution for adjunct liquefaction: AMYLEX® 6T. The innovative enzyme enables numerous ... into new segments with locally-sourced raw materials, improve productivity, maximize yield, ensure ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... ... May 19, 2020 , ... ... of operations management solutions, today introduced BioMed to their award-winning computerized maintenance ... for connecting the people and systems around biomedical engineering to better allocate ...
(Date:5/14/2020)... ... May 12, 2020 , ... ... that helps Life Science Manufacturers accurately and easily project contracted liabilities with ... of Gross-to-Net models by projecting discounts/rebates to Commercial and Government entities, Copay ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/30/2020)... YORK (PRWEB) , ... May 29, 2020 , ... ... of Chief Medical Officer 360°, the first newsletter solely dedicated to the unique ... capture a wide range of perspectives on the responsibilities, problem-solving, best practices and ...
(Date:5/26/2020)... PARK, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2020 , ... ... , the most recognized brand of smart garage door openers, announce a new integration ... line of Wi-Fi enabled garage door openers powered by Aladdin Connect® can now be ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... ... May 19, 2020 , ... Eaton Square is pleased to announce its ... Company, a biotechnology and medical technology-focused strategy and M&A advisory firm. , This is ... States, linking US and Asia Pacific healthcare innovators with capital and investors. , Popper ...
(Date:5/15/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... May 14, 2020 , ... ... to undergo multiple open heart surgeries before becoming adults. The reason: ... , To address this critical unmet need, the Department of Defense has awarded ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: