HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers at IRB Barcelona discover a new mechanism that regulates stem cell division

Errors in stem cell division can give rise to tumours. By studying stem cells in the fruit fly, scientists at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) have identified one of the mechanisms that govern how these cells divide. The study appears this week in the scientific journal Developmental Cell.

Stem cells have the extraordinary capacity to divide producing two very distinct cells: one retains stem cell identity and continues to undergo asymmetric division, while the other specializes for a specific function and shows limited capacity to divide. This strategy allows a single stem cell to generate great amounts of tissue during a lifetime.

To ensure the correct differential identity of the resulting cells, the complex apparatus that divides that stem cell in two must form along a pre-established axis. If this does not occur, the division may be symmetric, which will generate two identical stem cells. That is to say, instead of producing tissue, the stem cells with a "disoriented" division axis may give rise to more stem cells; this is potentially dangerous for the organism as it would lead to uncontrolled proliferation of this type of cell.

How is this danger avoided? Researchers headed by Cayetano Gonzlez, ICREA Research Professor at IRB Barcelona, have studied stem cell division and discovered that one of the key factors lies in the behaviour of the intracellular structure known as the centrosome. Most animal cells have two centrosomes before division takes place and their position governs the direction of the division. In cells that divide symmetrically (giving rise to two identical cells), the two centrosomes of cell are practically identical. Surprisingly, Gonzalez and his team found striking differences in the two centrosomes of the stem cells they were studying. One is located in a fixed position and is very active during the entire cell cycle, while the other moves around the cell before coming to a stands
'"/>

Contact: Sonia Armengou
sarmengou@pcb.ub.es
34-934-037-255
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB)
5-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
2. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
3. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
4. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
5. Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
6. Researchers use new approach to predict protein function
7. Researchers probe risks, benefits of folic acid fortification
8. Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation
9. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
10. Researchers use adult stem cells to create soft tissue
11. Researchers find gene that spurs development of the epididymis

Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/23/2015)... , June 23, 2015  Crossmatch™, a ... authentication solutions, today announced enhanced functionality of its ... solution.  The enhancements build on the native ... DigitalPersona Altus platform and provide expanded mobile ... In today,s environment of increasing cyber-attacks ...
(Date:6/17/2015)... GERMANTOWN, Maryland , June 17, 2015 ... Produktlinie mit DNA-Tests verbessert den Analyseprozess und senkt Laborkosten ... Frankfurt Prime Standard: QIA) hat heute in den ... Investigator ® für die forensische ... Kits zur Erstellung genetischer Fingerabdrücke bieten eine integrierte Lösung ...
(Date:6/17/2015)... June 17, 2015  Crossmatch™, a leading provider ... its U.are.U ® 4500 fingerprint readers have ... Eateries, Inc., a San Jose, CA ... increase security, improve accountability and reduce fraud at ... non-repudiable identity confirmation for employee sign in and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Crossmatch Releases Enhanced DigitalPersona Altus Advanced Authentication Functionality 2QIAGEN bringt in den USA neue Kits für die forensische DNA-Analyse auf den Markt 2QIAGEN bringt in den USA neue Kits für die forensische DNA-Analyse auf den Markt 3QIAGEN bringt in den USA neue Kits für die forensische DNA-Analyse auf den Markt 4QIAGEN bringt in den USA neue Kits für die forensische DNA-Analyse auf den Markt 5QIAGEN bringt in den USA neue Kits für die forensische DNA-Analyse auf den Markt 6Togo's Eateries Improve Security and Accountability with Crossmatch Fingerprint Readers 2Togo's Eateries Improve Security and Accountability with Crossmatch Fingerprint Readers 3
(Date:6/30/2015)... , June 30, 2015  Juniper Pharmaceuticals, ... focused on developing therapeutics that address unmet medical ... George Elston will present at the ... Wednesday, July 8, 2015Time: , 4:45 PM EDTLocation: ... (live & archive): , www.juniperpharma.com, under  ,Investor, ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... ... June 30, 2015 , ... ... federal government, announced in a paper published this week in the scientific journal ... with the diagnostic techniques currently used to detect the Ebola virus. Noblis worked ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... , June 30, 2015  Custom Computer Specialists, Inc. ... that they are silver sponsors of the Primary Care ... sponsor, Custom is lending their support of PCDC,s mission ... Since its founding in 1993, PCDC has ... care area.  PCDC has financed over 100 completed primary ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... WATERLOO, ONTARIO (PRWEB) , ... June 30, 2015 ... ... case studies prior to launching SmartArch — a revolutionary new archwire that allows ... will provide further clinical evidence of the efficacy of SmartArch. “We’re thrilled about ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Juniper Pharmaceuticals to Present at Cantor Fitzgerald Inaugural Healthcare Conference on July 8, 2015 2Noblis and Government Scientists Identify New Genomic Signatures of Ebola Using Whole Genomic Sequencing and Innovative BioVelocity Analytics Tool 2Noblis and Government Scientists Identify New Genomic Signatures of Ebola Using Whole Genomic Sequencing and Innovative BioVelocity Analytics Tool 3Noblis and Government Scientists Identify New Genomic Signatures of Ebola Using Whole Genomic Sequencing and Innovative BioVelocity Analytics Tool 4Custom Computer Specialists Announces Sponsorship Of The Primary Care Development Corporation's Corporate Circle 2New case studies for SmartArch orthodontic archwire paves way to product launch later this year 2
Cached News: