HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers discover how compounds prevent viruses from entering cells

Compounds called defensins--known to prevent viruses from entering cells--appear to do so by preventing the virus from merging to cells' outer membrane, according to a study by researchers at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, both of the National Institutes of Health, and the University of California at Los Angeles.

The study, appearing in the September 11 Nature Immunology, also received funding from NIH's National Center for Research Resources.

"This discovery provides a basic understanding of a first-line defense against such viruses as HIV and the influenza virus," said Duane Alexander, M.D., Director of the NICHD. "This finding may ultimately lead to new strategies for preventing viral illness, and to increased understanding of why some individuals are more resistant to certain kinds of viral infection than are other individuals."

The means by which many viruses infect a cell is a two-step process, said the study's senior author, Leonid V. Chernomordik, Ph.D., Head of NICHD's Section on Membrane Biology in the Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biophysics. First, the membrane of the virus' outer coating, or envelope, must attach, or bind to, the outer membrane of the cell. After this attachment has taken place, the viral envelope membrane combines with, or fuses to, the cell membrane. After the two membranes have fused, the virus inserts its genetic material into the cell.

Defensins are produced by cells that are among the first to come in contact with viruses, Dr. Chernomordik explained. Such cells include leukocytes, a type of immune cell, and epithelial cells, which line the surfaces of many organs and tissues.

In the current study, the researchers studied epithelial cells from the inner surface of the lungs. The researchers discovered that defensins block the influenza virus entry into cells by preventing the fusion of viral and cell m
'"/>

Contact: Robert Bock or Marianne Glass Miller
bockr@mail.nih.gov
301-496-5133
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
15-Sep-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
2. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
3. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
4. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
5. Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
6. Researchers use new approach to predict protein function
7. Researchers probe risks, benefits of folic acid fortification
8. Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation
9. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
10. Researchers use adult stem cells to create soft tissue
11. Researchers find gene that spurs development of the epididymis

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/21/2015)... July 21, 2015 Today, ZTE announced its ... as well as expected revenues in 2015 that relate to sales ... revenue guidance of approximately 2,200 MSEK for 2015. Jörgen ... leading smartphone manufacturer in China and we ... 02 5 for Axon , ...
(Date:7/20/2015)... July 20, 2015  Acuity Market Intelligence,s latest ... Convergence of Commerce and Privacy" forecasts that between ... apps will be downloaded to smart mobile devices ... biometrics market is projected to generate more than ... the seven-year forecast period.    "Biometrics ...
(Date:7/9/2015)... , July 9, 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... announced today that it will report financial results for ... July 30, 2015 after the close of market. The ... and investors at 2:00 p.m. PT (5:00 p.m. ET), ... To participate on the live call, analysts and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):FPC's Touch Fingerprint Sensor FPC1025 in ZTE's Smartphone Axon 2Biometrics on Smart Mobile Devices to Redefine Digital Identity with 12.9 Billion Biometric App Downloads between 2014 and 2020 2Synaptics to Report Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 2015 Results on July 30 2
(Date:7/29/2015)... July 29, 2015  HealthSouth Corporation (NYSE: ... providers of post-acute healthcare services, offering both facility-based ... of operations for the second quarter ended June 30, ... characterized by strong volume growth in both segments ... said Jay Grinney, President and Chief Executive Officer ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... -- AmnioChor Inc., an early stage biotech startup based on ... that the Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation of Edison ... seed round of development of the proprietary AmnioCept™ product ... AmnioChor,s technology allows cryopreservation of the amniotic membrane ... within those tissues. Amnion is a well-established source of ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... - RepliCel Life Sciences Inc. (OTCQB: REPCF) (TSX.V: RP), ... announce that the final design specifications of its ... for industrial and regulatory testing will now be ... mark clearance to market the injector in ... (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150729/248373 )  The RCI-02 ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Costello served as Lead Levee Design Engineering Manager for a ... Texas area from future storm surge flooding, such as occurred in Hurricane Ike in ... alternatives for providing protection, Costello also balanced socio-economic and environmental needs and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 2HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 3HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 4HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 5HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 6HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 7HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 8HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 9HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 10HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 11HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 12HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 13HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 14HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 15HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 16HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 17HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 18HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 19HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 20HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 21HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 22HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 23HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 24HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 25HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 26HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 27HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 28HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 29HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 30HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 31HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 32HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 33HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 34HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 35HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 36
Cached News: