HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers discover that sheep need retroviruses for reproduction

COLLEGE STATION -- A team of scientists from Texas A&M University and The University of Glasgow Veterinary School in Scotland has ndiscovered that naturally occurring endogenous retroviruses are required for pregnancy in sheep.

In particular, a class of endogenous retroviruses, known as endogenous retroviruses related to Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus or enJSRVs, are critical during the early phase of pregnancy when the placenta begins to develop.

Retroviruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, are one class of viruses. They are best known for their ability to cause diseases, said Dr. Thomas Spencer, a reproductive biologist with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station and Texas A&M University.

Findings published Sept. 11 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences demonstrate enJSRVs are essential for the development of the placenta in sheep.

Retroviruses are unique for their ability to permanently insert their genetic material into the DNA of host cells, he said. During evolution of mammals, some retroviruses infected the germline (cells of the ovary and testis that have genetic material that are passed to their offspring) of the host, which is then inherited by their children. These retroviruses, known as endogenous retroviruses, are present in the genome of all mammals, including humans. Consequently, endogenous retroviruses can be considered remnants of ancient retroviral infections, Spencer said.

Many scientists believed these endogenous retroviruses were junk DNA, he said.

"Indeed, these endogenous retroviruses are usually harmless and generally contain mutations that prevent them from producing infectious retroviruses," he said.

However, several endogenous retroviruses appear to provide protection from infection and are involved in reproduction. For instance, the exogenous Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus or JSRV causes lung tumors in sheep and led to the death of Dolly, the world's first ma
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Thomas Spencer
tspencer@tamu.edu
979-845-4896
Texas A&M University - Agricultural Communications
11-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
2. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
3. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
4. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
5. Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
6. Researchers use new approach to predict protein function
7. Researchers probe risks, benefits of folic acid fortification
8. Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation
9. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
10. Researchers use adult stem cells to create soft tissue
11. Researchers find gene that spurs development of the epididymis

Post Your Comments:
(Date:3/24/2015)... Fla. , March 24, 2015   ... management solutions, today announced that its U.are.U ® ... accessory retailer Goorin Bros . to achieve ... biometrics-based solution secures access to the POS terminal, ... increased risk of data breaches. ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... March 23, 2015  In the 2014 fiscal year, ... conviction losses. This figure accounts for a fraction of ... The Nilson Report, exceeds $11 billion globally. The polygraph ... a crime has occurred. Investor Mark Saint Juste ... Joe Paolella partnered to administer the test ...
(Date:3/20/2015)... 19, 2015 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/rswjb4/hand_geometry ... - Global Strategic Business Report" report to their offering. ... Geometry in US$ Thousands. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics ... Japan , Europe , ... Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Crossmatch Fingerprint Readers Help Retailer Prevent Data Breaches at Point-of-Sale 2Polygraph Test Now Used to Protect Investors From Fraud 2Polygraph Test Now Used to Protect Investors From Fraud 3Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 2Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 3Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 4
(Date:3/27/2015)... (PRWEB) March 27, 2015 Governor Andrew ... application period for 43North - the world’s largest business ... a grand prize of $1 million, six $500,000 awards ... around the world to compete for prizes that will ... in the Western New York region. , "Last ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... (PRWEB) March 26, 2015 The Market ... formed a strategic alliance with Designing Gig LLC to ... clients. , “Forging this alliance with Designing ... Now we can extend a comprehensive, end-to-end, digital solution ... strategy, and execution,” said Chuck Miller, president of The ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... , March 26, 2015 PAREXEL ... global clinical research organization , announced ... definitive agreement to acquire all of the ... a leading provider of specialized pharmacovigilance services, ... the collection, detection, assessment, monitoring, and prevention ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... NJ (PRWEB) March 26, 2015 WriteResult, ... partnered with researchers from Yale University’s School of Public ... by study participants during a 4 month-long project. The ... of providing low income families with free access to ... habits and diet-related health concerns like high blood pressure, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Governor Andrew M. Cuomo Anounces Launch of Year Two of World's Largest Business Idea Competition and Opening of New Incubator Space in Buffalo, New York 2Governor Andrew M. Cuomo Anounces Launch of Year Two of World's Largest Business Idea Competition and Opening of New Incubator Space in Buffalo, New York 3Governor Andrew M. Cuomo Anounces Launch of Year Two of World's Largest Business Idea Competition and Opening of New Incubator Space in Buffalo, New York 4Governor Andrew M. Cuomo Anounces Launch of Year Two of World's Largest Business Idea Competition and Opening of New Incubator Space in Buffalo, New York 5The Market Element LLC and Designing Gig LLC Form Strategic Alliance 2PAREXEL Announces Execution of Definitive Agreement to Acquire Quantum Solutions India, Strengthening Leadership In Pharmacovigilance Services 2PAREXEL Announces Execution of Definitive Agreement to Acquire Quantum Solutions India, Strengthening Leadership In Pharmacovigilance Services 3PAREXEL Announces Execution of Definitive Agreement to Acquire Quantum Solutions India, Strengthening Leadership In Pharmacovigilance Services 4Yale and New Haven Farms Improving Patient Health with WriteResult's myPROpad™ 2Yale and New Haven Farms Improving Patient Health with WriteResult's myPROpad™ 3
Cached News: