Researchers discover that sheep need retroviruses for reproduction

COLLEGE STATION -- A team of scientists from Texas A&M University and The University of Glasgow Veterinary School in Scotland has ndiscovered that naturally occurring endogenous retroviruses are required for pregnancy in sheep.

In particular, a class of endogenous retroviruses, known as endogenous retroviruses related to Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus or enJSRVs, are critical during the early phase of pregnancy when the placenta begins to develop.

Retroviruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, are one class of viruses. They are best known for their ability to cause diseases, said Dr. Thomas Spencer, a reproductive biologist with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station and Texas A&M University.

Findings published Sept. 11 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences demonstrate enJSRVs are essential for the development of the placenta in sheep.

Retroviruses are unique for their ability to permanently insert their genetic material into the DNA of host cells, he said. During evolution of mammals, some retroviruses infected the germline (cells of the ovary and testis that have genetic material that are passed to their offspring) of the host, which is then inherited by their children. These retroviruses, known as endogenous retroviruses, are present in the genome of all mammals, including humans. Consequently, endogenous retroviruses can be considered remnants of ancient retroviral infections, Spencer said.

Many scientists believed these endogenous retroviruses were junk DNA, he said.

"Indeed, these endogenous retroviruses are usually harmless and generally contain mutations that prevent them from producing infectious retroviruses," he said.

However, several endogenous retroviruses appear to provide protection from infection and are involved in reproduction. For instance, the exogenous Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus or JSRV causes lung tumors in sheep and led to the death of Dolly, the world's first ma

Contact: Dr. Thomas Spencer
Texas A&M University - Agricultural Communications

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
2. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
3. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
4. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
5. Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
6. Researchers use new approach to predict protein function
7. Researchers probe risks, benefits of folic acid fortification
8. Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation
9. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
10. Researchers use adult stem cells to create soft tissue
11. Researchers find gene that spurs development of the epididymis

Post Your Comments:
(Date:9/10/2015)... Report Details The global wearable ... previous expectations of revenues, consumer adoption and even technological ... which wearables begin to achieve that mass market acceptance ... reasons is the entrance of Apple to the SmartWatches ... but the overall size of the wearable technology market. ...
(Date:9/9/2015)... , Sept. 9, 2015  NuData Security ... and solution-based milestones, furthering the company,s commitment to ... online fraud. NuData Security,s online fraud ... the company,s growth cycle. The product combines continual ... determine good user behavior from fraudulent behavior, allowing ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... Sept. 2, 2015 About hand geometry biometrics ... banks, government organizations, telecommunication and hospitals as well as ... badges, and numeric keypads are used to prevent unauthorised ... palm and fingers of an individual, width of the ... with infrared light and reflectors can be used for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/8/2015)... MADISON, N.J. , Oct. 8, 2015  Genetic ... guidelines may aid the identification of more couples at ... to a study presented today at the 2015 American ... through October 10 in Baltimore, Maryland ... from Quest Diagnostics (NYSE: DGX ) are presenting ...
(Date:10/8/2015)... 2015 http://www.GoldmanResearch.com .   ... Goldman Small Cap Research, a stock market ... microcap sectors, announced today that it has published ... Inc. (OTCQB - PMCB), a publicly traded, clinical ... treatments for cancer and diabetes. To view the ...
(Date:10/8/2015)...  The ALS Association, in partnership with Prize4Life, is ... revolutionize communication technology solutions for people living with ALS. ... (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that ... spinal cord. Eventually, people with ALS lose the ability ... to total paralysis and death within two to five ...
(Date:10/8/2015)... , ... October 08, 2015 , ... Talon Innovations, a ... Aerospace and other technology-driven industries, announces that it is one of three finalists for ... Midsize Company.” On Thursday, September 25 Talon Innovations was recognized as a nominee ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: