HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers identify taste receptor responsible for caffeine detection

By studying how taste-receptor mutations impact fruit fly behavior, researchers have identified a taste receptor responsible for the detection of caffeine, a bitter compound known to activate certain taste-receptor neurons, as well as impact various aspects of physiology. The findings are reported by Craig Montell and colleagues at Johns Hopkins University, and appear in the September 19th issue of Current Biology, published by Cell Press.

Many proteins have been identified in mammals and in the genetic model organism Drosophila that belong to a large family of taste receptors, but relatively few of these receptors have been shown to be responsible for the detection of a specific taste compound, or "tastant." One class of tastants for which receptors have not yet been identified is methylxanthines, which include caffeine and related compounds in tea (theophylline) and cocoa (theobromine).

In the new work reported by Montell and colleagues, researchers showed that a specific taste receptor, known as Gr66a, is responsible for the perception of caffeine's bitter taste by fruit flies. The researchers showed that when the gene encoding the Gr66a receptor was disrupted, the mutant flies failed to react normally to the presentation of caffeine, which is a bitter compound that is aversive to flies. Flies with an intact Gr66a receptor gene strongly prefer to consume sucrose (sugar) when given a choice between sucrose and a mixture of sucrose and bitter compounds, but the researchers showed that flies bearing a mutation that disrupted Gr66a failed to show this strong propensity when the bitter mixture contained caffeine. The researchers also showed that activation of the gustatory-receptor neurons that express the Gr66a receptor was impaired in the mutants: Although these gustatory neurons were activated normally by a range of different tastants, they failed to be activated by caffeine, or by the related methylxanthine, theophylline. Another methylxanthin
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
617-397-2879
Cell Press
18-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
2. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
3. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
4. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
5. Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
6. Researchers use new approach to predict protein function
7. Researchers probe risks, benefits of folic acid fortification
8. Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation
9. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
10. Researchers use adult stem cells to create soft tissue
11. Researchers find gene that spurs development of the epididymis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/18/2017)... -- Socionext Inc., a global expert in SoC-based imaging and computing solutions, ... which features the company,s hybrid codec technology. A demonstration utilizing TeraFaces ... will be showcased during the upcoming Medtec Japan at Tokyo Big ... Las Vegas Convention Center April 24-27. ... Click here for an image of ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... -- According to a new market research report "Consumer IAM ... and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, and Region - Global ... grow from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to USD 31.75 Billion by ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... April 11, 2017 No two people ... at the New York University Tandon School of ... have found that partial similarities between prints are ... in mobile phones and other electronic devices can ... The vulnerability lies in the fact that fingerprint-based ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... HATFIELD, Pa. , April 26, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... drug delivery platform, has signed a collaborative and ... through Dr. Silvia Muro . The overall ... pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of various 3DNA designs and ... aims involve targeting diseases of the vasculature as ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... L3 ... to announce the company is now a certified iMedNet eClinical and Electronic Data ... enables the company’s clinical research team to build, customize and manage clinical trial ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... 25, 2017 , ... Covalent Metrology has two ... unit provides high-quality data to clients, both faster and cheaper than competing ... are no price premiums, and customers are welcome to participate in the measurements ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... 2017  Dante Labs announced today the offer of whole ... $900). While American individuals have been able to access WGS ... access WGS below EUR 1,000. The sequencing includes ... information to make informed decisions about disease monitoring, prevention, nutrition, ... ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: