HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers track how spores break out of dormant state

LIVERMORE, Calif. -- Tapping into the unknown world of awakening dormant bacterial spores, researchers have revealed through atomic force microscopy (AFM) the alterations of spore coat and germ cell wall that accompany the transformation from a spore to a vegetative cell.

When starved of nutrients Bacillus (rod-shaped bacteria) cells initiate a series of genetic, biochemical and structural events that result in the formation of metabolically dormant spores. They can remain dormant for extended periods and, partly because of their tough spore coat, have a significant resistance to extreme environmental factors including heat, radiation and toxic chemicals. However, once in favorable conditions, spores break the dormant state through germination and reenter the vegetative mode of replication.

Although significant progress has been made in understanding the biochemical and genetic bases of the spore germination process, it is still unclear how a spore breaks out of its dormant state.

But a new in vitro study of single germinating Bacillus atrophaeus spores details how the spore coat structures break down, and it shows with unprecedented resolution how the new bacterium emerges from the disintegrating spore. The new research, led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists, appears in the May 28-June 1 early online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The research appears in this weeks (June 4) issue of PNAS.

A thorough understanding of spore germination is important for the development of new countermeasures that identify the earliest stages of a wide range of spore mediated diseases, including botulism, gas gangrene and pulmonary anthrax, said Alexander Malkin, senior author from LLNLs Biosciences and Biotechnology Division. But its also important to gain fundamental insights into the key events in bacterial cell development.

The researchers, including Marco Plomp, lead author at
'"/>

Contact: Anne Stark
stark8@llnl.gov
925-422-9799
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
4-Jun-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
2. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
3. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
4. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
5. Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
6. Researchers use new approach to predict protein function
7. Researchers probe risks, benefits of folic acid fortification
8. Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation
9. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
10. Researchers use adult stem cells to create soft tissue
11. Researchers find gene that spurs development of the epididymis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Researchers track how spores break out dormant state

(Date:1/22/2015)... YORK , Jan. 21, 2015  Analyst Report Issued by ... Card Brands report showed that planet-wide, transactions at merchants on ... while the total number of credit, debit, and prepaid cards ... U.S. were victims of fraudulent card usage in 2012, and ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... , Dec. 23, 2014  Since its launch in December 2014, ... to eliminate the pain of trying to remember their usernames ... biometrics fused to their smartphones. To assist people who have ... the company that created 1U and focuses on redefining identity, ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/86ncd6/micro_market ) has announced the addition ... Systems Market" report to their offering. ... security market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of ... a larger share in this market, Canada ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):$4.80 Near Term Price Target with "Buy" given by CapRock Research for NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD) issued by Small Cap IR 21U Offers Best Solution to the Username / Password Dilemma: For FREE! 21U Offers Best Solution to the Username / Password Dilemma: For FREE! 3Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 3
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015  Transwestern | RBJ today announces the firm brokered ... for Shire a leading biopharmaceutical company, at Two Ledgemont Center ... Robert Richards , president, and Brian Cohen , ... entire five-floor building at 95 Hayden Ave. Photo ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Cambridge Semantics, the leading provider of smart data solutions driven ... record-breaking year across the board for the company. , ... and our Smart Data solutions, our customers were able to ... to record growth for the company in 2014,” said Alok ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... / Rootstown, OH (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 ... platform, announced today that it has received AOAC-PTM Certifications for ... O1O3, O111, O121, and O145; collectively referred to as STEC ... O157, at 1 colony forming unit (cfu) per 325 g ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Dr. Greg Leyer of UAS Labs recently was invited ... seminar on probiotics in San Diego, CA. , The ... for health care professionals. This year’s pre-conference seminar was held ... health. Dr. Leyer spoke about the emerging topics and science ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Transwestern | RBJ Advises Shire in 202,000 SF Lease, Creating Boston's Largest Suburban Biotech Campus 2Cambridge Semantics Announces Record Results for 2014 2Crystal Diagnostics Awarded AOAC-PTM Accreditation for the Rapid Detection of “Big 6” E.coli Food Pathogens 2
Cached News: