HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Rice genome approaches completion

A large group of scientists led by the Beijing Institute of Genomics has published in the freely-available online journal PLoS Biology a much improved, near-complete genome analysis of the indica and japonica subspecies of Oryza sativa, which are eaten in India and China, and Japan, respectively. The analysis team, led by Gane Ka-Shu Wong, provides important insights into the evolution of rice.

The key to the improvement in the genome sequence analysis is that the researchers have used the combined DNA sequence data from the two subspecies to facilitate the sequence assembly. The result is a nearly 1,000-fold increase in contiguity for the two genome sequences relative to the existing sequence data.

The researchers have used their improved genome sequence to investigate the evolutionary history of rice. Central to evolution is the development of new functions through mutation of existing genes. But when mutations occur in functional genes, the result is rarely beneficial, so it is thought that evolution is more likely to proceed first by duplicating existing genes and then experimenting on the "backup" copy of the gene.

Wong and colleagues report that there is evidence in the rice DNA sequences for a whole-genome duplication event just before the grasses diverged from other flowering plants, about 5570 million years ago. This genome duplication may have played a role in the origin of the grasses, which then spread rapidly across the world to provide important sources of food that, among other things, possibly influenced human evolution.

Analysis of the rice genomes also indicates that there is massive ongoing duplication of individual genes. These individual gene duplications provide a continuous source of raw material for gene genesis and very likely contribute to the differences between members of the grass family. Now the challenge is to use the rice sequences as a basis for detailed genetic analyse
'"/>

Contact: Paul Ocampo
pocampo@plos.org
415-624-1224
Public Library of Science
31-Jan-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Unravelling new complexity in the genome
2. One species, many genomes
3. First genome-wide study of infectious disease opens new avenues for HIV treatment, vaccines
4. Charting ever-changing genomes
5. Neutral evolution has helped shape our genome
6. Sea anemone genome provides new view of our multi-celled ancestors
7. Cloning the male genome may help infertile men
8. Mutating the entire genome
9. Exploring the dark matter of the genome
10. New findings challenge established views on human genome
11. ENCODE map changes view of the human genome landscape

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Rice genome approaches completion

(Date:4/2/2015)... Fingerprint Cards (FPC) has received ... the distributor World Peace Industrial Group (WPI), part of ... the major part of the shipments will take place ... smartphone manufacturers in China . The ... communicated revenue guidance of + 1 000 MSEK for 2015.  ...
(Date:3/31/2015)... YORK , March 31, 2015   Guidepoint ... the launch of the Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER, part ... products tracking usage trends in the medical device and ... access to data including treatment volumes, market share, and ... the pain associated with joint surgery. The ...
(Date:3/24/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/kvdtcw/face_and_voice ) has ... Global Strategic Business Report" report to their offering. ... in US$ Thousands by the following Segments: Face Biometrics, and Voice ... Canada , Japan , ... East & Africa , and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fingerprint Cards Receives Touch Fingerprint Sensor Order of SEK 110 Million 2Guidepoint Launches Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER 2Guidepoint Launches Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER 3Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 2Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 3Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 4Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 5Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 6
(Date:4/27/2015)... Philadelphia, PA (PRWEB) April 27, 2015 ... Phelix Therapeutics, the newest resident of the University ... Market Street in Philadelphia. , With a $4.5 ... of Health in hand, Phelix Therapeutics is ... is developing nutritional supplements. The company is developing first-in-class ...
(Date:4/27/2015)... 27, 2015 Editor ... scroll to bottom . Investor-Edge has ... Inc. (NASDAQ: LXRX ), Idera Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... SNTA ), Spectrum Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... ). Free research report on Lexicon Pharma can ...
(Date:4/27/2015)... Calif. , April 27, 2015 SynGen ... commercialization of instrument systems that harvest stem and progenitor ... and cell culture, announced today that it has added ... Cell Processing and Cord Blood Business Units focus on ... the management team as its Vice President and Chief ...
(Date:4/27/2015)... and HEIDELBERG , ... Addresses unmet need in treatment of millions ... it has been granted a patent in ... latest patent supports Molecular Health,s discovery that EPHB4 is a ... and promotes tumor growth. EPO stimulates the production of red ...
Breaking Biology Technology:New Resident of Science Center’s Port Business Incubator Targets SARS and Ebola 2Market Updates on Biotech Stocks -- Lexicon Pharma, Idera Pharma, Synta Pharma, Spectrum Pharma, and Medivation 2Market Updates on Biotech Stocks -- Lexicon Pharma, Idera Pharma, Synta Pharma, Spectrum Pharma, and Medivation 3Market Updates on Biotech Stocks -- Lexicon Pharma, Idera Pharma, Synta Pharma, Spectrum Pharma, and Medivation 4Market Updates on Biotech Stocks -- Lexicon Pharma, Idera Pharma, Synta Pharma, Spectrum Pharma, and Medivation 5SynGen Inc. Expands Its Management Team 2Molecular Health Gains Patent for Novel Receptor Utilizing Computational Biomarker Discovery Technology 2
Cached News: