HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Robotic joystick reveals how brain controls movement

were asked to keep the joystick centered.

The research team found that after all this pushing in different directions the subjects still were inclined to push the joystick in the first direction, even when the joystick was perfectly centered and not moving. Somehow the brain and muscles in the arm had "learned" this simple movement over the course of the experiment, which took only a few minutes, according to the researchers, showing that sleep is not required for learning such simple movements.

The robot-controlled joystick used in these experiments can measure precisely how hard and in what direction it's being pushed by the hand holding it. Using computer programs, the researchers then were able to apply mathematical equations to these measurements and calculate predictions of how the brain might be "learning" these simple movements.

For example, by taking into account the number of repetitions it took for the subjects to push the joystick in the first direction to keep it centered and how long it took for the subjects to "forget" how hard to push the joystick, the predictions suggest that the brain learns muscle control using at least two different steps.

First, the computer programs were able to tease out that the brain picked up the control task quickly, but actually forgot the task quickly as well. But, at the same time, the brain also was learning the same task more slowly, and that was responsible for the subjects' being able to "remember" the initial joystick-pushing movement.

"Rehab is about training, and you want to be able to train the slow-learning system to be successful," says Shadmehr.

As a next step, the team is interested in uncovering which parts of the brain are responsible for slow-learning. They hope that teasing this system apart will not only improve the understanding of brain function, but also tailor therapy strategies to target slow-learning and increase recovery of muscle control after
'"/>

Contact: Audrey Huang
audrey@jhmi.edu
410-614-5105
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
23-May-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Robotic cameras join search for Holy Grail of bird-watching
2. Satellite tracking reveals threats to Borneo pygmy elephants
3. New technology reveals seal behavior
4. Innovative research technique reveals another natural wonder in Yellowstone Park
5. Mathematics reveals genetic pattern of tumor growth
6. CU study reveals why starling females cheat
7. New collaborative research reveals chimpanzees can sustain multiple-tradition cultures
8. Genome of Clostridium botulinum reveals the background to worlds deadliest toxin
9. Analysis reveals extent of DNA repair army
10. UGA study reveals function of ubiquitous yet poorly understood microorganisms
11. Colorado River streamflow history reveals megadrought before 1490

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Robotic joystick reveals how brain controls movement

(Date:8/28/2014)... America (ESA) is pleased to announce the selection of ... Society. Honorary Membership acknowledges those who have served ESA ... the affairs of the Society that has reached an ... the ESA Governing Board and then voted on by ... the Awards Ceremony at Entomology 2014, ESA,s Annual Meeting ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... than traditional cigarettes, but still release toxins into ... USC. , Scientists studying secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes ... harmful particles, with close-to-zero exposure to organic carcinogens. ... in second-hand e-cigarette smoke were found to be ... levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons cancer-causing organic ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has ... Society of America,s 27th Annual Mouse Molecular Genetics ... in Pacific Grove, California. These awards are ... doctorates and scientists from underrepresented groups into the ... encourage the participation of young scientists at the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fred Baxendale selected as Honorary Member of the Entomological Society of America 2Second-hand e-cig smoke compared to regular cigarette smoke 2
(Date:8/28/2014)... Kent, WA (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 ... Synder Filtration’s polymeric membranes to its stable of ... of available molecular weight cut-offs and include membrane filters ... a steady increase in customer demand for our membrane ... a greater variety of flat sheet membranes,” explains Sterlitech ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... new work by a Florida State University research team ... take your temperature, emit white light, and convert photon ... looks like a butterfly. , Biwu Ma, associate professor ... the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, created the molecule in ... to discover that his creation has many other unique ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 28, 2014 A new market ... world is available from Strategic Consulting, Inc., the ... Industrial Microbiology Market Review, Fourth Edition: Global Review ... (IMMR—4) tracks and compares microbiology test volumes, market ... Europe and Asia, and forecasts future volumes and ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 28, 2014 PrimeSource Building Products, ... selected SoundConnect to support their communication ... audio and web conferencing platform GlobalMeet powered by ... employees’ needs. SoundConnect delivers award winning “results ... Building Products will be utilizing GlobalMeet powered ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sterlitech Corporation Enhances Its Selection of Flat Sheet Membrane Filters 2Novel 'butterfly' molecule could build new sensors, photoenergy conversion devices 22 Billion Industrial Microbiology Tests Conducted for Product Quality and Safety Worldwide 22 Billion Industrial Microbiology Tests Conducted for Product Quality and Safety Worldwide 3PrimeSource Chooses SoundConnect as Collaboration Provider 2
Cached News: