Salk polio vaccine celebrates 50th anniversary

WHITE PLAINS, MARCH 28, 2005 -- Polio, one of the most dreaded epidemic diseases in history, went on its way to defeat 50 years ago with the announcement of the first safe and effective polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk and supported by the March of Dimes.

The menace of death or paralysis from polio, a viral infection that affected mostly children, caused widespread fear and panic in the United States for decades. Sporadic and unpredictable outbreaks of the disease marked the lives of Americans during the first half of the 20th century. In 1952, the most severe polio epidemic year on record, more than 57,800 people were stricken with the disease. The images of youngsters in wheelchairs, on crutches, or in unwieldy "iron lungs" responsible for their every breath, haunted parents.

In the spring of 1954, the March of Dimes (then known formally as the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis) conducted the largest clinical trial in U.S. history, testing the vaccine developed by Jonas Salk, M.D, on more than 1.8 million schoolchildren. Thousands of health care workers and other volunteers across the country participated to make it possible.

No wonder, then, that millions of anxious Americans held their breath with anticipation when the results of the field trials were announced on April 12, 1955. Under the penetrating gaze of hundreds of journalists and the glare of camera lights at the University of Michigan, it was announced that the vaccine worked -- polio now could be prevented. A huge outpouring of relief and joy greeted the news, and Dr. Salk became a national hero overnight.

Significance of the Anniversary

Many other medical advances were made possible by the wide net that was cast in funding the quest for a polio vaccine. "Most of the beginnings of molecular biology were financed by the March of Dimes as part of its study of viruses in search of a vaccine," said Victor A. McKusick, M.D., the noted

Contact: Michele Kling
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. What led to the Nigerian boycott of the polio vaccination campaign?
2. Researchers use poliovirus to destroy neuroblastoma tumors in mice
3. Science study explains polios tenacious grip in India
4. Scientific institute founded by Jonas Salk to host meeting for polio survivors on Oct. 27
5. Leslie Roberts, Science Deputy News Editor, wins prize for first-rate polio story
6. Survivors to revisit the polio scare
7. Phase II study of therapeutic vaccine shows efficacy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer
8. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
9. Handicapping tuberculosis may be the way to a better vaccine
10. Developing a more effective vaccine for tuberculosis
11. New target for HIV/AIDS drugs and vaccine discovered

Post Your Comments:

(Date:7/2/2020)... ... July 01, 2020 , ... AltruBio Inc. http://www.altrubio.com , ... biologic for the treatment of steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (SR-aGVHD), at European Hematology ... Martin of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, this single-arm, open-label Phase 1 ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... ... July 01, 2020 , ... ... and solutions for glioblastoma—the most common and aggressive adult brain cancer—announced today the ... PhD. Senior Fellows are charged with supporting the organization’s initiatives and overall vision. ...
(Date:6/25/2020)... ... 2020 , ... eClinical Solutions LLC , a leading ... drug development, is collaborating with Karyopharm Therapeutics (Nasdaq: KPTI ) on randomized ... COVID-19. This is the first study of an XPO1 inhibitor in patients with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/28/2020)... Switzerland (PRWEB) , ... May 28, 2020 , ... ... biopharmaceutical R&D, today announced the release of Genedata Screener ® 17.0, the ... of screening data from all in-vitro screening assay technologies. Genedata will host a ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... ... May 19, 2020 , ... Experienced periodontist in Eden Prairie, MN, Dr. Andres ... grafting through PIEZOSURGERY® technology. PIEZOSURGERY uses ultrasonic vibrations to gently cut bone ... patient for dental implants, especially when the implants need to be placed in a ...
(Date:5/15/2020)... , ... May 14, 2020 , ... ... undergo multiple open heart surgeries before becoming adults. The reason: there ... To address this critical unmet need, the Department of Defense has awarded Draper, ...
(Date:5/14/2020)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 12, 2020 , ... ... science tools for translational research, is bringing together thousands of industry leaders, clinicians, ... scientific program highlights two plenary speakers, Carl June, MD, Director of the Center ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: