HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Say what? Bacterial conversation stoppers

While a chattering crowd of various species of bacteria is essentially a microbial tower of Babel, certain snippets of their chemical conversation are almost universally understood. HHMI researchers have found that bacteria of different species can talk to each other using a common language and also that some species can manipulate the conversation to confuse other bacteria.

The interspecies crosstalk and misdirection could have important consequences for human health, said Bonnie L. Bassler, an HHMI investigator at Princeton University whose study was published in the September 29, 2005, issue of Nature. "The ability of cells to communicate with one another and the ability to interfere with the communication process could have consequences in niches containing competing species of bacteria or in niches where bacteria associate with humans," Bassler said. "In the gut, you can imagine how the normal microflora might interfere with cell-cell communication to thwart bacterial invaders."

Using a chemical communication process called quorum sensing, bacteria converse among themselves to count their numbers and to get the population to act in unison. A synchronized group of bacteria can mimic the power of a multi-cellular organism, ready to face challenges too daunting for an individual microbe going it alone. Swelling populations trigger their quorum-sensing apparatuses, which have different effects in different types of bacteria. One species might respond by releasing a toxin, while another might cut loose from a biofilm and move on to another environment.

Each species of bacteria has a private language, but most also share a molecular vernacular that Bassler's lab discovered about 10 years ago. A chemical signal called autoinducer-2 (AI-2), originating from the same gene in all bacteria, is released outside the cell to announce the cell's presence. Nearby bacteria take a local census by monitoring AI-2 levels and conduct themselves as
'"/>

Contact: Jennifer Michalowski
michalow@hhmi.org
301-215-8576
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
29-Sep-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Better together: Bacterial endosymbionts are essential for the reproduction of a fungus
2. Bacterial response to oxidation studied as toxin barometer
3. Bacterial walls come tumbling down
4. Bacterial switch gene regulates how oceans emit sulfur into atmosphere
5. Bacterial protein shows promise in treating intestinal parasites
6. The results are in: Bacterial parasite strives for balance in host infection
7. Bacterial protein mimics host to cripple defenses
8. Bacterial cooperation as a target for anti-infectious therapy
9. New insight into autoimmune disease: Bacterial infections promote recognition of self-glycolipids
10. Bacterial spread all down to chance: Some strains just the lucky ones
11. OHSU study: Bacterial switching mechanism key to survival

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Say what Bacterial conversation stoppers

(Date:12/11/2014)... 10, 2014  That blood pressure plays a role in ... – the medical term for high blood pressure – was ... the inflatable cuff that,s used in measuring blood pressure was ... nothing new about hypertension, its triggers and its effects. In ... condition and the best ways to treat it. ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 8, 2014 You,ve been here before: you desperately ... remember your password, site key or the answer to your ... grade teacher? Today, Hoyos Labs , ... that will finally put an end to the frustration that ... . 1U leverages a user,s smartphone to acquire his ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 2014  Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center today announced plans ... of Medicine. Funding for this $50 million capital project ... be publicly launched next summer. The ... 60 series R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company complex, adjacent to ... immediately with plans to be ready to welcome medical ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 3Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 4The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014 BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy ... the promotion of Nick Maroulis, Pharm.D. to the newly ... , In this position, Dr. Maroulis will continue ... the directors of our multi-site pharmacies as the company ... and during that time he has served in many ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 19, 2014 Decision Resources ... will grow at a 12 percent compound annual growth ... of the aging population and the increasing adoption of ... America will also spur demand for dental ... dental implant and periodontal treatments. Other key ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... December 18, 2014 LayerBio is an ... and wound care. The National Eye Institute (NEI) at ... a Phase I SBIR grant to develop a drug-eluting ... the most common cause of vision loss in people ... worldwide. According to Dr. Ken Mandell, LayerBio’s Founder and ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... In contrast to traditional LED lights where the spectrum ... proprietary LED technology to incorporate their spectra in a ... critical in low proximity installations. The Valoya L-series offers ... which is up to four times longer than commonly ... was clearly higher when compared to traditional fluorescent or ...
Breaking Biology Technology:BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy Promotes Dr. Nick Maroulis to Vice President of Specialty Pharmacy Services 2Latin American Dental Biomaterial Market Will Expand at a 12 Percent Annual Growth Rate Through 2023 2Latin American Dental Biomaterial Market Will Expand at a 12 Percent Annual Growth Rate Through 2023 3LayerBio Awarded NIH Grant to Develop a Drug Delivery Device for Cataract Surgery 2
Cached News: