HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Scientists identify key to integrating transplanted nerve cells into injured tissue

Boston, MA -- Scientists at the Schepens Eye Research Institute, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, have identified a key mechanism for successfully transplanting tissue into the adult central nervous system. The study found that a molecule known as MMP-2 (which is induced by stem cells) has the ability to break down barriers on the outer surface of a damaged retina and allow healthy donor cells to integrate and wire themselves into remaining recipient tissue. The finding, reported in the current issue (April 25, 2007) of the Journal of Neuroscience, holds great promise not only for patients with retinal disease, but for those suffering from spinal cord injuries and neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinsons and Alzheimers Diseases.

"This is a very significant finding," says Dr. Michael Young, associate scientist at the Schepens Eye Research Institute and principal investigator of the study. "We believe that it will ultimately make retinal transplantation and restoration of vision a possibility." He adds that transplantation of donor photoreceptors (in whole retina transplants) may prove to be more beneficial than transplanting stem cells alone, as these retinal transplants contain a complete organized supply of cells necessary for proper vision.

The regenerative capacity of central nervous system tissue in adult mammals, including human begins, is extremely limited. This is partly due to the formation of barriers, known as "glial" scars, which are triggered by the body to protect the injured retina or other nerve tissue from further damage. This dense scar tissue throws up a blockade to foreign cells, including transplants meant to heal and regenerate. This is what has made previous attempts to transplant whole donor retinas so difficult, according to Young.

On the other hand, in recent years, stem cells have been shown to overcome these physical barriers, easily penetrating the scar and integrating into the injured ti
'"/>

Contact: Patti Jacobs
pjacobs12@comcast.net
617-872-0364
Schepens Eye Research Institute
26-Apr-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes
2. Scientists prove that disputed Korean stem cell line comes from an unfertilized egg and not cloning
3. Scientists move closer to bio-engineered bladders
4. Scientists find stem cell switch
5. Scientists discover new way to study nanostructures
6. Scientists a step closer to understanding how anaesthetics work in the brain
7. Scientists to make news at Computational Biology Conference
8. Accident-prone? Scientists link brain function to knee injuries
9. Scientists take next step in understanding potential target for ovarian cancer treatment
10. Scientists find brown fat master switch
11. Scientists identify 2 distinct Parkinsons networks

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/28/2020)... ... June 25, 2020 , ... Genedata, ... that it has entered into a multi-year contract with Merus N.V., a ... translational and clinical research strategy to discover and develop ground-breaking drugs. The ...
(Date:6/23/2020)... ... June 23, 2020 , ... ... monoclonal antibody development services, today announced that the company has received ISO9001:2015 ... the pharmaceutical, diagnostics, and research industries. The decision to pursue ISO9001 accreditation ...
(Date:6/23/2020)... WOODLNDS, Texas (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2020 ... ... X-ray analytical instrumentation, is pleased to announce the next event in a series ... X-ray scattering. , The TOPIQ series of webinars was developed in response to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/7/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... July 06, 2020 , ... R3 International ... program featuring up to 200 million stem cells. Depending on the patient's condition, treatment ... in the US will die having some form of Alzheimers dementia, and the incidence ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... ... June 29, 2020 , ... MedShift , a leading ... despite many obstacles created as a result of COVID-19. As a provider at ... medical practices and medical manufacturers by expanding access to device offerings, technology services, ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... , ... June 30, 2020 ... ... tissue data insights, today announced that the launch of a new ... with data about the tumor microenvironment (TME). , “Flagship’s TissueInsight is a ...
(Date:6/28/2020)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2020 , ... ... researchers are racing to develop a vaccine or drug treatment. In an effort ... Recursion has publicly released the world’s largest imaging dataset portraying therapeutic compound ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: