HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Scientists reveal how disease bacterium survives inside immune system cell

New research on a bacterium that can survive encounters with specific immune system cells has strengthened scientists' belief that these plentiful white blood cells, known as neutrophils, dictate whether our immune system will permit or prevent bacterial infections. A paper describing the research was released today online in The Journal of Immunology. Frank R. DeLeo, Ph.D., of Rocky Mountain Laboratories (RML), part of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the National Institutes of Health, directed the work at RML, in Hamilton, MT, in collaboration with lead author Dori L. Borjesson, D.V.M., Ph.D., of the University of Minnesota in St. Paul.

Scientists analyzed how neutrophils from healthy blood donors respond to Anaplasma phagocytophilum, a tick-borne bacterium that causes granulocytic anaplasmosis in people, dogs, horses and cows. A. phagocytophilum is carried by the same tick that transmits Lyme disease and was first identified in humans in 1996. Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) -- formerly called human granulocytic ehrlichiosis -- is prevalent in Minnesota and along the East Coast. HGA typically causes mild symptoms that include fever, muscle aches and nausea. Some 362 U.S. cases were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2003.

HGA is considered an emerging infectious disease, and Dr. Borjesson is working to understand how it affects blood cells -- and neutrophils in particular. "Few people know about this pathogen, but it is important because it is transmitted by ticks and causes disease in both animals and humans," Dr. Borjesson says.

Neutrophils, which make up about 60 percent of all white blood cells, are the largest cellular component of the human immune system -- billions exist inside each human. Typically, neutrophils ingest and then kill harmful bacteria by producing molecules that are toxic to cells, including a bleach-like substance called hypochlorous acid. Once th
'"/>

Contact: Ken Pekoc
kpekoc@niaid.nih.gov
406-375-9690
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
5-May-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes
2. Scientists prove that disputed Korean stem cell line comes from an unfertilized egg and not cloning
3. Scientists move closer to bio-engineered bladders
4. Scientists find stem cell switch
5. Scientists discover new way to study nanostructures
6. Scientists a step closer to understanding how anaesthetics work in the brain
7. Scientists to make news at Computational Biology Conference
8. Accident-prone? Scientists link brain function to knee injuries
9. Scientists take next step in understanding potential target for ovarian cancer treatment
10. Scientists find brown fat master switch
11. Scientists identify 2 distinct Parkinsons networks

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:7/11/2019)... ... July 11, 2019 , ... ... first on-site Legionella DNA test, today announced a partnership with LiquiTech, a ... , Through this strategic partnership, LiquiTech will integrate Spartan’s innovative environmental DNA ...
(Date:7/5/2019)... VIEW, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... July 05, 2019 ... ... partnering with Microsoft to bring its patented Tractus™ Platform to governments around the ... will bring cutting edge technology and point of care solutions to operating theatres ...
(Date:6/19/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... June 19, 2019 , ... Dahryn Trivedi, ... physicochemical properties of Cefazolin Sodium, antibiotic which can prove to be beneficial for treating ... 519% increase in residue amount , Over 68% decrease in weight ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/11/2019)... ... June 10, 2019 , ... Advancements ... an upcoming episode, scheduled to broadcast 4Q/2019. Check your local listings for more ... educate viewers about how its technology facilitates laboratories to improve efficiency and quality ...
(Date:6/11/2019)... ... June 11, 2019 , ... A study ... stem cells (MSC-EV) are able to incorporate into human CD34+ cells, modifying their ... mice, MSC-EVs also increased the cells’ ability to lodge into bone marrow. This ...
(Date:5/31/2019)... ... May 30, 2019 , ... World ... Integrity on July 08-09, 2019 in Boston, MA. This peer recommended interactive workshop ... organizations. , The training will kick off with a compendial treatment of Data ...
(Date:5/21/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... May 21, 2019 , ... ... in Berlin (VLB) today officially opened the inaugural Africa Brewing Conference dedicated to ... malting industry in Africa. The event, which is supported through a partnership with ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: