HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Sea creature's toxin could lead to promising cancer treatment

DALLAS Feb. 5, 2007 -- A toxin derived from a reclusive sea creature resembling a translucent doughnut has inspired UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers to develop a related compound that shows promise as a cancer treatment.

In a study appearing online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the UT Southwestern scientists detail how the toxin blocks uninhibited reproduction of cultured human cancer cells while leaving healthy cells unaffected.

An accompanying study in PNAS shows that, in pre-clinical trials, a synthetic form of the toxin reduced human tumors implanted in mice without the harmful side effects seen using other cancer drugs. "Diazonamide is a special molecule it's teaching us more than we imagined," said Dr. Patrick Harran, professor of biochemistry and a senior author on both studies.

"This is a truly exciting result," said Dr. John Schwab, a program officer at the National Insti tutes of Health's National Institute of General Medical Sciences, which partly funded the work. "Not only has this UT Southwestern team identified a potent anti-cancer drug, but its unique mode of action avoids the kinds of side effects that make cancer chemotherapy so difficult. It's a great example of how NIH support for fundamental chemical research can benefit the American health-care consumer."

The animal, Diazona angulata, is a sea squirt a few inches wide that lives in colonies anchored to rocks. It was discovered offshore of the Philippines in 1990 as scientists were looking for species that might lead to useful drugs. From a few specimens, scientists extracted a tiny amount of a toxin, diazonamide A, which the animal probably uses to repel predators.

The toxin proved to kill cancer cells in culture, but so little of its natural form was available that a race soon began to synthesize it in the laboratory.

A chemical structure for diazonamide A was publis
'"/>

Contact: Aline McKenzie
aline.mckenzie@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center
5-Feb-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. New use for a cell toxin found to inhibit survival proteins in cancer cells
2. Children of smokers have more than 5 times higher levels of a nicotine toxin
3. Genome of Clostridium botulinum reveals the background to worlds deadliest toxin
4. Engineered protein effective against Staphylococcus aureus toxin
5. Anthrax paralyzes immune cells with lethal toxin, UF research shows
6. Gene that governs toxin production in deadly mold found
7. Bacterial response to oxidation studied as toxin barometer
8. Scripps research scientists: Compounds show significant promise against potential bioweapon toxins
9. Algae toxin identification unravels fish-kill mystery
10. Red tide toxins leave beachgoers breathless
11. Study reveals molecular basis of botulism toxins deadly activity

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Sea creature toxin could lead promising cancer treatment

(Date:4/17/2014)... Mo. April 17 In the most densely forested ... forests reflect two centuries of human needs, values and ... and clearing forests for agriculture and development, have set ... a U.S. Forest Service study reports. , The report ... conditions and management needs in the Northern United States ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Rochelle, NY, April 17, 2014The development of stem cell ... the ability to characterize stem cell populations based on ... have discovered a new marker that is highly expressed ... umbilical cord blood, which they describe in an article ... from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. A credit-card-sized anthrax detection cartridge developed ... small business makes testing safer, easier, faster and cheaper. ... causes anthrax, is commonly found in soils all over ... illness in both humans and animals. The bacteria can ... to B. anthracis may occur through skin ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Five anthropogenic factors that will radically alter northern forests in 50 years 2Five anthropogenic factors that will radically alter northern forests in 50 years 3Pocket-sized anthrax detector aids global agriculture 2Pocket-sized anthrax detector aids global agriculture 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... 2014 The Pittcon Organizing Committee is pleased ... Safety Tech , an e-Journal and producer of ... the second year for the co-location of Food Labs Conference ... provides that the registration fee to attend the two-day Food ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... Jan. 15, 2014 ­ RedBrick Health , a ... technology, today announces that EmblemHealth , the ... company, is now providing the RedBrick Compass health assessment, ... to all of its members. EmblemHealth is among the ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... The Microcompetition with Foreign DNA theory explains how latent viruses ... is the Epstein Barr Virus (EBV), and one of these ... chronic inflammatory disease that destroys the body’s joints. As predicted ... high concentrations of EBV DNA in their bodies (1). ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... 2014 TaiGen Biotechnology Company, Limited ("TaiGen") today announced ... a leading Russian pharmaceutical company, to develop and commercialize ... Federation , Turkey and ... a novel antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial infections ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Pittcon Announces Second Year Partnership With Food Safety Tech 2Pittcon Announces Second Year Partnership With Food Safety Tech 3EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 2EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 3Study: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Patients Have EBV; The CBCD Says this is Consistent with Microcompetition 2Study: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Patients Have EBV; The CBCD Says this is Consistent with Microcompetition 3TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 2TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 3TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 4
Cached News: