HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Short chromosomes put cancer cells in forced rest

A Johns Hopkins team has stopped in its tracks a form of blood cancer in mice by engineering and inactivating an enzyme, telomerase, thereby shortening the ends of chromosomes, called telomeres.

"Normally, when telomeres get critically short, the cell commits suicide as a means of protecting the body," says Carol Greider, Ph.D., the Daniel Nathans chair of molecular biology and genetics at Johns Hopkins. Her study, appearing online this month at Cancer Cell, uncovers an alternate response where cells simply - and permanently - stop growing, a process known as senescence.

In an unusual set of experiments, the research team first mated mice with nonoperating telomerase to mice carrying a mutation that predisposed them to Burkitts lymphoma, a rare but aggressive cancer of white blood cells. Telomerase helps maintain the caps or ends of chromosomes called telomeres, which shrink each time a cell divides and eventually - when the chromosomes get too short - force the cell to essentially commit suicide. Such cell death is natural, and when it fails to happen, the result may be unbridled cell growth, or cancer.

The first generation pups born to these mice contained no telomerase and very long telomeres. These mice all developed lymphomas by the time they were 7 months old. The researchers then continued breeding the mice to see what would happen in later generations. By the fifth generation, the researchers discovered that the mice had short telomeres and stopped developing lymphomas.

When the researchers blocked the suicide machinery in these fifth-generation mice, they were very surprised to find that the mice still remained cancer free.

"We were confused as to what was going on; we thought for sure that blocking the cells ability to commit suicide would lead to the cancers returning," says Greider. A closer look showed microtumors in the mices lymph nodes that had begun the road to cancer, but stopped, falling inst
'"/>

Contact: Nick Zagorski
nzagors1@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
25-Apr-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Short-circuit found in ocean circulation
2. Short-term studies suggest that whole grain oats may reduce risk factors for coronary heart disease
3. Shortening chromosomes cause for earlier cancer onset in families with rare syndrome
4. Shorter tuberculosis therapies could lead to substantial reductions in cases and deaths
5. When it counts: Shortening imaging time for individuals with suspected heart problems
6. Short-term yoga training expands breathing and lung capacity in young, healthy adults
7. Georgia Tech study: Short glass shapes cause over-pouring of alcohol
8. Shorter colds, milder flu may follow from newly revealed immune mechanism
9. Short-term social stress may benefit immune response to infection
10. Biologists at Tufts University discover 1 reason why chromosomes break, often leading to cancer
11. Researchers shed light on shrinking of chromosomes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Short chromosomes put cancer cells forced rest

(Date:8/21/2014)... , Aug. 21, 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- ... it has agreed to a partnership with Gabriel ... fastest growing Certified Nursing Assistant ... Health Institute  an exclusive member of Binary,s LiveScan ... Binary Biometrics will improve its service capabilities ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... Nine researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical ... "The World,s Most Influential Scientific Minds 2014," ... Reuters ScienceWatch, a web resource for science metrics and ... as among the most influential "are performing and publishing ... advancement of their science," according to a Thomson Reuters ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... Mller the Fram Strait is a key region in the ... between Greenland and Svalbard warm Atlantic water flows to the ... cold Arctic water masses and sea ice push their way ... portion of the Atlantic water cools here on its way ... of the water caused in this manner drives the global ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):LiveScan Provider Binary Biometrics Announces Partnership with Preeminent CNA School, Gabriel Health Institute to Expand Services in Orlando Region 2LiveScan Provider Binary Biometrics Announces Partnership with Preeminent CNA School, Gabriel Health Institute to Expand Services in Orlando Region 3BIDMC researchers named among 'the most influential scientific minds' 2BIDMC researchers named among 'the most influential scientific minds' 3Arctic sea ice influenced force of the Gulf Stream 2Arctic sea ice influenced force of the Gulf Stream 3
(Date:8/22/2014)... The identification of protein-coding variants underlying ... by exome sequencing. Built on Roche NimbleGen’s proprietary ... EZ Developer system has been a proven tool ... present how he achieved coverage statistics similar to ... exome kits. With over 236,000 SNPs and over ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... 21, 2014  BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. (NASDAQ: ... in class collagenase-based products marketed as XIAFLEX ® ... U.S. and XIAPEX ® in the EU, ... randomized, double-blind Phase 2a study of CCH for ... panniculopathy. The results showed that all three doses ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... at the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), ... developed a novel "man and machine" decision support ... aid was described in PLOS One ... based on computer vision algorithms similar to those ... of only the diagnostically most relevant areas. Tablet ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... (PRWEB) August 21, 2014 ... Fertilizer Industry” is a professional and in-depth ... The report provides basic Seaweed Fertilizer information, ... industry chain structure as well as industry ... analysis, including domestic market as well as ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Efficient Identification of Protein-Coding Variants in a Model Organism Through Exome Sequencing, New Webinar Hosted by Xtalks 2BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 2BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 3BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 4BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 5A novel 'man and machine' decision support system makes malaria diagnostics more effective 2Internationals Seaweed Fertilizer Industry 2014 Development Trend Analysis in New Research Study at DeepResearchReports.com 2Internationals Seaweed Fertilizer Industry 2014 Development Trend Analysis in New Research Study at DeepResearchReports.com 3
Cached News: