HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Sinking coastlines may precede large subduction zone quakes

detect it with a tiltmeter. We have shown that we can detect it in the paleoenvironment."

The study was conducted by Scott and Lipps, both micropaleontologists, along with Dalhousie undergraduate Andrea D. Hawkes and Rod Combellick of the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys in Fairbanks. A paper describing their findings will be published in the May/June issue of the Geological Society of America Bulletin.

The team surveyed salt marshes along the Pacific coast from Alaska to northern California, taking 12-foot deep cores to look for signs of past subsidence coinciding with evidence of a major quake, such as soil liquefaction and sand deposited by a tsunami. Subsidence is indicated by a temporary change in the types of microscopic organisms with shells specifically foraminifera and thecamoebians in the mud, as the formerly freshwater marshes sink and become brackish or saltwater marshes.

One marsh in Alaska apparently sank about half a foot starting perhaps 15 years before the devastating 1964 Alaska quake, which measured 9.2 on the Richter scale and generated a tsunami that killed dozens of people along the Pacific coast. Similarly, a core from a marsh in Oregon showed evidence of four large quakes over the past 3,000 years, each preceded by subsidence.

Seismologists estimate that the period between megathrust quakes along the Cascadia Subduction Zone, where the Pacific, Juan de Fuca and Gorda Oceanic plates creep under the North American plate, ranges from hundreds to thousands of years. This makes them hard to plan for, Scott noted. Precursory subsidence detected by tiltmeters would at least allow people along the coast to plan for a major quake and probable tsunami.

The indicator marshes are typically fresh water marshes within inches of the high tide mark, so that subsidence of a few inches increases slightly the saltiness of the march, either through salt spray or intrusion of salt water at high tide,
'"/>

Contact: Robert Sanders
rsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley
20-Jan-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Flawed studies assess dredge-and-fill programs to protect coastlines
2. NIH unprecedented genetic study may help identify people most at risk for alcoholism
3. CI launches unprecedented marine conservation initiatives
4. New law for resolution allows unprecedented sharpness in fluorescence microscopy
5. Singers (and parents) take note: Worst songbird rehearsals precede best debuts
6. New, automated tool successfully classifies and relates proteins in unprecedented way
7. Ability to listen to 2 things at once is largely inherited, says twin study
8. Link between obesity and enlarged heart discovered by University of Arizona researchers
9. Giant magnetocaloric materials could have large impact on the environment
10. Reproductive speed protects large animals from being hunted to extinction
11. Landmark study identifies large number of new proteins implicated in Huntingtons disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Sinking coastlines may precede large subduction zone quakes

(Date:12/10/2014)... Dec. 9, 2014  Valencell, a leader in performance ... a staggering demand from its licensees for highly accurate, ... is not solely coming from fitness and health sectors, ... "A wearable is only as useful as the ... the ultimate driver in long-term mass consumer adoption of ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... , December 9, 2014 ... ITN,s BCARD Platform   ... enterprise meeting scheduling solutions for business-to-business (B2B) events, ... world leader in mobile near-field communication (NFC), Bluetooth ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140612/691055) , Jifflenow ...
(Date:12/3/2014)... 2014   Marvin Test Solutions , a ... for military, aerospace, and manufacturing organizations, today announced ... TS-900 PXI semiconductor test platform . The ... systems to customers at a fraction of the ... ATE. "Our semiconductor customers asked ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Wearable Technology Products Demand Highly Accurate Biometric Technology 2Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 2Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 3Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 2Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 3
(Date:12/22/2014)... Fertility Associates of Memphis has announced a new ... network of more than 20 contributing fertility practices ... access to a national pool of frozen donor ... of Memphis is the only fertility clinic in the ... Dr. William Kutteh , director of Fertility Associates of ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... -- Naurex Inc., a biopharmaceutical company leveraging its unique ... central nervous system, today announced that Norbert Riedel ... at the 33 rd annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare ... p.m. PST on Tuesday, January 13, 2015, at the ... About Naurex Inc. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... DUBLIN , Dec. 19, 2014 Research ... announced the addition of the "Technology Innovations ... their offering. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ... Innovations in Smart Fabrics" offers a detailed assessment ... Key Findings: 1. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Ed Bilsky, Ph.D., vice president for ... Excellence in the Neurosciences (CEN), and professor of pharmacology ... as a member of the prestigious Dana Alliance for ... Maine to receive this honor. , The Dana ... the Dana Foundation. Its mission is to advance ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Fertility Associates of Memphis Announces Partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA 2Fertility Associates of Memphis Announces Partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA 3Naurex to Present at 33rd Annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference 2Technology Innovations in Smart Fabrics (Technical Insights) 2UNE's Ed Bilsky Named Member of Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives 2UNE's Ed Bilsky Named Member of Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives 3
Cached News: