HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Size doesn't matter

rim and Reaper, are expressed in many healthy cells, poised to do their job at a moment's notice.

Gaul's new research shows that it is microRNAs that stand between a cell's survival and its death at the hands of Hid, Grim and Reaper. The microRNAs bind to the messenger RNA of the death genes and prevent their proteins from being made. But when the microRNAs are blocked, Hid, Grim and Reaper proteins are produced, causing massive cell death and killing the fly embryo.

The microRNAs that block cell death all belong to the largest microRNA family in the fruit fly. The family is made up of 13 members, which are identical in sequence at one end but different at the other. There has been some debate on whether differences at this end are important, but Gaul's research now shows that they are central for helping the microRNAs find the right targets.

"Our findings show that while similar defects are seen when the different family members are blocked, they are not identical," Gaul says. "And we find that different family members interact differently with the three death genes."

Deciding between life and death is only one of many split-second decisions that a cell may have to make. By regulating which messenger RNAs are used to make protein, microRNAs can help cells react to an event without the nucleus being involved. For example, the ending of a nerve cell can be very far away from its nucleus. Localizing and regulating messenger RNAs at the nerve endings enables the nerves to react very fast to an incoming signal, instead of every signal being transmitted to the nucleus and back.

Gaul's lab has many more interesting microRNAs to examine, a number of which are conserved between flies and humans. The next experiments will look to further match up different microRNAs with their targets. But Gaul is also very interested in how microRNAs themselves are regulated.

"We wanted to know if microRNAs were important and if they were s
'"/>

Contact: Kristine Kelly
kkelly@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7146
Rockefeller University
1-Jul-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Heart intervention doesnt outweigh medicine in study
2. This party doesnt start until the hosts arrive
3. Failed experiment yields a biocontrol agent that doesnt trigger antibiotic resistance
4. High BMI doesnt always spell obesity, Jackson Laboratory researchers show
5. Acetaminophen safe to use after heart attack but doesnt protect the heart
6. In stretching, pain doesnt equal gain; but if NO isnt producing, stretching wont help
7. Study finds evolution doesnt always favor bigger animals
8. If oxytocin eating role doesnt mature at birth, what other situations affect its impact?
9. To sea or not to sea: When it comes to salmon sex, size sometimes doesnt matter
10. What the eye doesnt see
11. Exercise doesnt work for us all

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Size doesn matter

(Date:11/6/2014)... yet progress in preventing and treating migratory cancer ... challenging to design drugs that work against metastasis," ... at Harvard Medical School. , "Unfortunately, many ... , Gujral and colleagues have now identified a ... how metastasis begins. Their findings may also inform ...
(Date:11/5/2014)... Rio de Janeiro, Brazil -Individuals show great diversity in ... importantly, males and females greatly differ in their perceptual ... kinds of smell tests. , Sex differences ... social behaviors and may be connected to one,s perception ... and emotions. Thus, women,s olfactory superiority has been suggested ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... marketing directed at children on the interior and ... the majority of black, middle-income and rural communities ... Authored by Arizona State University researcher Punam Ohri-Vachaspati ... to examine the use of child-directed marketing on ... and its relationship to demographics. It adds to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Migration negation 2Migration negation 3The female nose always knows: Do women have more olfactory neurons? 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 3
(Date:11/22/2014)... On November 17th Chicago start-up Briteseed outperformed 137 ... Summit in San Francisco to take first place in ... Valley investors and technology elites as the premier showcase ... Briteseed to move on to the final phase ... with other elite innovation finalists for a $125,000 cash ...
(Date:11/22/2014)... Quebec , November 21, 2014 ... wechselt als Chief Commercial Officer zu KLOX ... SVP der Unternehmensentwicklung und Chief Financial Officer bestellt    ... Europa mit der Vermarktung seines jüngst zugelassenen Behandlungssystems zur ... Inc. ("KLOX" bzw. das "Unternehmen") ist sehr erfreut, die ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... Diego, CA (PRWEB) November 20, 2014 ... extended their Sartorius Entris Balance promotion . The ... customers seeking a durable, high accuracy, and easy-to-maintain balance ... made in Germany. It was designed to help customer’s ... affordable and a balance that is very durable. Sartorius ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... (PRWEB) November 20, 2014 The November ... available as an open access journal featuring the following ... fluorescent proteins to preserve photoresponsiveness in the retina , ... fluorescent in situ hybridization using chromogenic substrates in zebrafish ... DNA, RNA, and protein electrophoresis , Nuclear ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Insight Product Development Accelerator Member Wins MedTech Innovator Award Competition 2Insight Product Development Accelerator Member Wins MedTech Innovator Award Competition 3KLOX Technologies meldet Neubesetzung von Führungspositionen 2KLOX Technologies meldet Neubesetzung von Führungspositionen 3KLOX Technologies meldet Neubesetzung von Führungspositionen 4KLOX Technologies meldet Neubesetzung von Führungspositionen 5Pipette.com Announces an Extension on the Sartorius Entris Balance Promotion to the End of 2014 2BioTechniques: The International Journal of Life Science Methods Announces the Publication of the November 2014 Issue—Available in Print and Online 2BioTechniques: The International Journal of Life Science Methods Announces the Publication of the November 2014 Issue—Available in Print and Online 3
Cached News: