HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Soil particles found to boost prion's capacity to infect

MADISON -- The rogue proteins that cause chronic wasting disease (CWD) exhibit a dramatic increase in their infectious nature when bound to common soil particles, according to a new study.

Writing in the journal Public Library of Science (PLoS) Pathogens, a group led by University of Wisconsin-Madison prion expert Judd Aiken reports that prions, the protein agents of a family of fatal brain disorders, bind tightly to a common soil mineral and significantly increase the oral transmissibility of the agent.

The finding is important because it may help explain how chronic wasting disease and scrapie persist in the environment and spread efficiently in animal populations.

"We found a huge difference between infectious agent alone and infectious agent bound to these soil particles," says Aiken, the senior author of the new study and a professor of comparative biosciences in the UW-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine. "We observed an almost 700-fold difference" in the rate of infection.

Prions are an abnormal form of a protein produced normally by the body. Tough as nails, they can persist in the environment for long periods of time and retain their infectious capabilities. It is believed that prions may persist in the soil around the carcasses of dead animals and other locations where infected animals shed the protein in body fluids.

"These disease agents can stay out there for years and stay infectious," Aiken explains.

And herbivores such as deer and sheep, which are susceptible to prion infection, tend to consume a fair amount of dirt daily as they graze and forage. They are also known to consume soil as a source of minerals. Mineral licks are frequented by many animals, raising the prospect that the agents may become concentrated in the soil.

Relatively little is known about the routes of prion transmission in animals, but the new Wisconsin study may help to resolve one puzzle: Oral transmissio
'"/>

Contact: Judd Aiken
jma@svm.vetmed.wisc.edu
608-262-7362
University of Wisconsin-Madison
5-Jul-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Gold nanoparticles may pan out as tool for cancer diagnosis
2. Under magnetic force, nanoparticles may deliver gene therapy
3. UCSB researchers show how to make polymeric micro- and nanoparticles
4. Nanoparticles hitchhike on red blood cells: a potential new method for drug delivery
5. Pairing nanoparticles with proteins
6. Nanoparticles carry chemotherapy drug deeper into solid tumors
7. In nature, proteins sweep up nanoparticles
8. Bacteria ferry nanoparticles into cells for early diagnosis, treatment
9. MU researchers examine the environmental effects of silver nanoparticles
10. Work with nanoparticles may lead to on-the-spot virus detector
11. Cancer tip -- Nanoparticles can damage DNA, increase cancer risk

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/4/2017)...   EyeLock LLC , a leader of iris-based ... Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued U.S. Patent ... an iris image with a face image acquired in ... 45 th issued patent. "The ... the multi-modal biometric capabilities that have recently come to ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... ANGELES , March 30, 2017  On April ... Hack the Genome hackathon at Microsoft,s ... exciting two-day competition will focus on developing health and ... Hack the Genome is the ... been tremendous. The world,s largest companies in the genomics, ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... 30, 2017 Trends, opportunities and forecast in ... by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, facial recognition, hand ... by end use industry (government and law enforcement, commercial ... banking, and others), and by region ( North ... Asia Pacific , and the Rest of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a development-stage cancer-focused pharmaceutical company advancing targeted antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) ... all uses of targeted HPLN (Hybrid Polymerized Liposomal Nanoparticle), a technology developed ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... SANTA BARBARA, CALIFORNIA (PRWEB) , ... October 10, ... ... risk management, technological innovation and business process optimization firm for the life sciences ... the BoxWorks conference in San Francisco. , The presentation, “Automating GxP ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... October 09, 2017 , ... The Giving Tree ... products targeting the needs of consumers who are incorporating medical marijuana into their ... Phoenix, Arizona. , As operators of two successful Valley dispensaries, The Giving Tree’s ...
(Date:10/6/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... The HealthTech Venture ... sector at their fourth annual Conference where founders, investors, innovative practitioners and collaborators ... ELEVATE pitch competition showcasing early stage digital health and med tech companies. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: