HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Species unique to tidal marshes face threats

Tidal marshes cover only about 45,000 square kilometers worldwide--about the area of Denmark. In comparison with other habitats, tidal marshes support few nonaquatic vertebrate species, but their unique characteristics have led to the evolution of species and subspecies that are endemic (found nowhere else). These endemic species and subspecies, which seem to be largely restricted to North America, have adaptations that suit them to life in a harsh environment in which seed abundance is low, salinity is high, and flooding is frequent. Yet they face a broad variety of threats from human-caused environmental damage, according to an assessment in the August 2006 issue of BioScience written by Russell Greenberg of the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center and colleagues.

Tidal marshes occur in mid to high latitudes, along coasts that are protected within estuaries or behind barrier islands. They are most common in North America and China. Some tidal marsh species are protected from high salinity by relatively impermeable skin, and others have kidneys that can concentrate salts from large volumes of water or specialized glands that exude salt. Many are gray or black in color, which is believed to be an advantage because it matches the dark color of the soils often found in tidal marshes. Why endemic tidal marsh species seem to be largely restricted to North America--which has 24 of the worldwide total of 25--is not clear. Although it could reflect differing taxonomic practices in different countries, it may be related to the history of glaciation or of agriculture.
Endemic tidal marsh species are vulnerable to coastal development and to sea level rise, both of which are rapidly reducing the area of tidal marshes. They are also threatened by toxic wastes and invasive species. Greenberg and his coauthors argue for an expanded research program to try to understand how species will respond to these threats.

BioScience publishes commentary and peer-revi
'"/>

Contact: Donna Royston
droyston@aibs.org
202-628-1500 x261
American Institute of Biological Sciences
1-Aug-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Species detectives track unseen evolution
2. Species thrive when sexual dimorphism broadens their niches
3. Species mapping revolutionized
4. Species take care of each other in ecological communities
5. Species evolve to the brink of evolution
6. Endangered Species Act provisions appear to benefit imperiled organisms
7. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species reveals 15,589 species at risk of extinction
8. A unique arrangement for egg cell division
9. Genomics study provides insight into the evolution of unique human traits
10. Geologists witness unique volcanic mudflow in action in New Zealand
11. Liverpool amongst first in UK to install unique DNA sequencing technology

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Species unique tidal marshes face threats

(Date:12/15/2014)... --Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/87pph8/global_facial ) ... Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019" report to their ... Facial recognition is a technology used ... measures the overall facial feature of a person ... distance between eyes. Facial recognition is used for ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... , Dec. 10, 2014  Data Sciences ... monitoring, has released a new series of digital ... preclinical toxicology researchers. M series, part of the ... collect the best possible physiologic data when incorporating ... Adding functional endpoints to toxicology studies has evolved ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... , Dec. 9, 2014 CIE San ... catalyst that provides the connective tissue that enhances care ... them to easily share client-level information; earned a second ... expand to organizations serving seniors aging in community and; ... partner on December 11 th 4-6p. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, Cognitec Systems, NEC and Safran Group 2Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, Cognitec Systems, NEC and Safran Group 3New telemetry implants expected to change how large animal toxicology studies are conducted 2Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 2Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 3Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 4
(Date:12/19/2014)... The empty capsules market is ... population and technological innovations in the empty capsules ... catalysing the growth of the empty capsules market. ... , Scope of Report , The report will ... entrants/smaller firms to gauge the pulse of the ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... N.Y. , Dec. 18, 2014 Egenix, Inc. ... has been elected Chairman of the Board, to succeed ... and CEO, but will continue as a member of the ... he has added to the company over almost twenty years, ... The Board of Directors has established a Search Committee ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... (PRWEB) December 16, 2014 The ... since 2013, which is why IBISWorld updated its original ... continues to benefit from an intensified focus on environmental ... for new emission standards for power plants and a ... According to IBISWorld Industry Analyst Sarah Kahn, “a range ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 Achim Noack has been named ... Group. In this position, Noack will assist Jerry Stoller, ... develop marketing strategy and supervise global marketing management and ... has tremendous knowledge and experience in the crop protection ... experience and innovative thinking will be a great asset ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 2Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 3Achim Noack Joins Stoller Group as Global Vice President of Marketing and Administration 2
Cached News: