HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Sperm proteome gives 'tantalizing glimpse' towards the origin of sex

The first ever catalogue of the different types of proteins found in sperm could help reveal the origins of sex and explain some of the mysteries of infertility, say scientists.

Research published in Nature Genetics today describes 381 proteins present in sperm of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. Whilst more proteins may be identified as research progresses, this study marks the first substantial 'whole-cell' characterisation of the protein components of a higher eukaryotic cell (a cell in which all the genetic components are contained within a nucleus).

This so-called 'proteome' contains everything the sperm needs to survive and function correctly, and scientists can use it to investigate the factors that make some sperm more successful than others.

Around half of the genes of the fruit fly sperm proteome have comparable versions in humans and mice, making it a useful model for studying male infertility in mammals.

By comparing the sperm proteome of the fruit fly with other species, scientists will also be able to rewind evolution and work out the core sperm proteome the most basic constituents a sperm needs for sexual reproduction. This will shed light on how sex itself evolved.

"This is the first catalogue of sperm proteins for any organism, and it offers a tantalising glimpse into how we might begin to answer some of biology's most fundamental questions," said Dr Tim Karr from the University of Bath who led the study.

"Amazingly we know very little about what is in a sperm, which probably explains why we don't really understand sex, let alone how it evolved.

"Before we catalogued the sperm proteome, we only knew a few specific proteins in the Drosophila sperm.

"Being able to compare the structure and content of the proteomes of sperm from different species should help us understand the evolution and origin of sperm.

"We now know of at least 381, which is a grea
'"/>

Contact: Andrew McLaughlin
a.mclaughlin@bath.ac.uk
44-012-253-86883
University of Bath
12-Nov-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Sperm created in the laboratory from embryonic stem cells produce viable progeny
2. Sperm stem cells closer to being like embryonic stem cells
3. Sperm trading can resolve hermaphrodite mating conflicts
4. Sperm enzyme is essential for male fertility, study shows
5. Protein structures for the entire yeast proteome
6. MicroRNAs, alternative splicing and the muscle proteome
7. Plague proteome reveals proteins linked to infection
8. Scientists characterize proteome of human cornea
9. NIH gives $8M to University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine for myositis research
10. Brain blood flow gives clues to treating depression
11. Immune system escape hatch gives cancer cells traction

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Sperm proteome gives tantalizing glimpse towards the origin sex

(Date:10/15/2014)... ability to assess the pandemic risk from strains of ... must not allow ourselves to become complacent that the ... consortium of scientists. , Influenza pandemics arise when a ... to develop widespread immunity – spreads in the human ... past 100 years, the worst of which – the ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... on the growing mobile commerce market releases photos and video of ... on Monday October 13 th . Gino ... and angel investor Mr. Chad A. Verdi rang ... NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for their work and dedication ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Ohio (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years since ... a team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing ... model airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important ... only breathe but to enhance the sense of smell ... ,nosy, animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason Bourke, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists 'must not become complacent' when assessing pandemic threat from flu viruses 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3
(Date:10/25/2014)... October 24, 2014 Today, Nerium International, ... the winners of its “Reflect Your Youth” contest, an ... only seen a difference in their skin since using ... new outlook on life as a result of their ... as an effort by Nerium International to inspire conversations ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... YORK , Oct. 24, 2014 ... Inc. (ACCP), a biopharmaceutical company advancing patient care ... 1-for-50 reverse split of its common stock effective ... 24, 2014. PlasmaTech,s common stock will trade on ... and temporary ticker symbol "ACCPD". After 20 days, ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014 New test innovations ... in vitro diagnostic (IVD) test industry, especially as companies ... market researcher listed more than 25 testing innovations in ... the future of IVD products. Kalorama details the new approaches ... Worldwide Market for In Vitro Diagnostic Tests , ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Shimadzu Scientific Instruments introduces its Open ... the pain management and clinical markets. The software increases ... by allowing users to highlight and review results that ... allows analysts to filter results by group or based ... eliminating the need to sift through analytes of no ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Nerium International™ Inspires Conversation About the Journey of Aging with “Reflect Your Youth” Contest 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Reverse Stock Split, Ticker Change and Launches New Corporate Website 2Report: Radical New IVD Test Approaches Key To Growth 2Report: Radical New IVD Test Approaches Key To Growth 3Shimadzu Releases QuantAnalytics Open Access LCMS Software Package for Clinical Applications 2
Cached News: