HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Sperm proteome gives 'tantalizing glimpse' towards the origin of sex

The first ever catalogue of the different types of proteins found in sperm could help reveal the origins of sex and explain some of the mysteries of infertility, say scientists.

Research published in Nature Genetics today describes 381 proteins present in sperm of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. Whilst more proteins may be identified as research progresses, this study marks the first substantial 'whole-cell' characterisation of the protein components of a higher eukaryotic cell (a cell in which all the genetic components are contained within a nucleus).

This so-called 'proteome' contains everything the sperm needs to survive and function correctly, and scientists can use it to investigate the factors that make some sperm more successful than others.

Around half of the genes of the fruit fly sperm proteome have comparable versions in humans and mice, making it a useful model for studying male infertility in mammals.

By comparing the sperm proteome of the fruit fly with other species, scientists will also be able to rewind evolution and work out the core sperm proteome the most basic constituents a sperm needs for sexual reproduction. This will shed light on how sex itself evolved.

"This is the first catalogue of sperm proteins for any organism, and it offers a tantalising glimpse into how we might begin to answer some of biology's most fundamental questions," said Dr Tim Karr from the University of Bath who led the study.

"Amazingly we know very little about what is in a sperm, which probably explains why we don't really understand sex, let alone how it evolved.

"Before we catalogued the sperm proteome, we only knew a few specific proteins in the Drosophila sperm.

"Being able to compare the structure and content of the proteomes of sperm from different species should help us understand the evolution and origin of sperm.

"We now know of at least 381, which is a grea
'"/>

Contact: Andrew McLaughlin
a.mclaughlin@bath.ac.uk
44-012-253-86883
University of Bath
12-Nov-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Sperm created in the laboratory from embryonic stem cells produce viable progeny
2. Sperm stem cells closer to being like embryonic stem cells
3. Sperm trading can resolve hermaphrodite mating conflicts
4. Sperm enzyme is essential for male fertility, study shows
5. Protein structures for the entire yeast proteome
6. MicroRNAs, alternative splicing and the muscle proteome
7. Plague proteome reveals proteins linked to infection
8. Scientists characterize proteome of human cornea
9. NIH gives $8M to University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine for myositis research
10. Brain blood flow gives clues to treating depression
11. Immune system escape hatch gives cancer cells traction

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/2/2016)... Feb. 2, 2016 This BCC Research ... market by reviewing the recent advances in high ... drive the field forward. Includes forecast through 2019. ... the challenges and opportunities that exist in the ... solution developers, as well as IT and bioinformatics ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... NEW YORK , Feb. 2, 2016 Technology ... service presents an analysis of the digital and computed ... Malaysia , and Indonesia ... current trends and market size, as well as regional ... by country and discusses market penetration and market attractiveness, ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... , Feb. 2, 2016  Based on its ... & Sullivan recognizes US-based Intelligent Retinal Imaging Systems ... Sullivan Award for New Product Innovation. IRIS, a ... North America , is poised to ... growing diabetic retinopathy market. The IRIS technology presents ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... -- IsoRay, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ISR), a medical technology company ... for the treatment of prostate, brain, lung, head and ... for the second quarter and six months of fiscal ... --> --> Revenue was $1.19 ... ended December 31, 2015, a 12% increase compared to ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Springfield, MO (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 ... ... company, will attend the International Society of Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE) Rocky Mountain Chapter ... of ISPE is expecting to fill more than 100 tables for its annual ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... available on Microsoft Azure. On Azure, Arvados provides capabilities for managing and processing ... demand for Microsoft Azure from major institutions collecting and analyzing genomic data,” said ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... ... With a presidential election in November and the future of U.S. healthcare in ... top healthcare leaders for a night and day of debates and discussions about what ... the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, will be held February 18 – 19, 2016 ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: