HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
'Stress and the city': Urban birds keep cool

Animals colonizing cities are exposed to many novel and potentially stressful situations. Chronic stress, however, can cause deleterious effects. Hence, wild animals would suffer from city life unless they adjusted their stress response to the conditions in a city. Jesko Partecke, Ingrid Schwabl and Eberhard Gwinner of the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology Andechs/Seewiesen in Germany have now shown that European blackbirds born in a city have a lower stress response than their forest counterparts. This reduced reactivity probably has a genetic basis and could be the result of the urban-specific selection pressures to which urban blackbirds are exposed (Ecology 87(8) 2006).

Many species have developed a symbiotic relationship with humans. For example, European blackbirds, European starlings and house sparrows thrive in concrete habitats around the globe. The sparrow is now so closely associated with man that its original niche is unknown, whereas the European blackbird was - as little as 200 years ago - a reclusive forest dweller. These species seem to profit, for instance, by the warmer microclimate and additional anthropogenic food supply in cities. However, they are also confronted with many novel and potentially stressful anthropogenic disturbances, such as the permanent presence of humans, higher densities of cats and dogs, noise and light pollution as well as traffic.

Among the physiological coping mechanisms used by vertebrates - including humans - to ensure survival under adverse environmental conditions is the acute stress response, characterised by the release of glucocorticoid steroid hormones. The acute short-term secretion of these hormones is considered beneficial in that it helps to mediate adaptive behavioural and physiological responses. In prolonged stress situations, however, chronically elevated levels of circulating glucocorticoids can impair reproductive, immune, and brain functions. Thus, wild animals would suffer from
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Jesko Partecke
partecke@orn.mpg.de
49-815-237-3130
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
1-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Urban sediments after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita contained high levels of contaminants
2. Urbanization favors sedentary males
3. Urban Wildlife Management book something to crow about
4. On the loose: Urban coyotes thrive in North American cities
5. Urban ecology study witnessing the birth of a designer ecosystem
6. Art and music for the birds
7. What determines the speed at which birds fly?
8. Brightly colored birds most affected by Chernobyl radiation
9. Aphids make chemical weapons to fight off killer ladybirds
10. Study investigates divorce among Galapagos seabirds
11. Duetting birds with rhythm present a greater threat

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Stress and the city Urban birds keep cool

(Date:10/17/2014)... Copenhagen have shown for the first time how bacteria ... patients, giving them the opportunity to get tremendous insights ... The study also discovered the bacterial growth in chronic ... or slowed down by the immune cells. The researchers ... helped "suffocate" the bacteria, forcing the bacteria to switch ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... on the human body. Battles are won, lost ... cancer, this stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can last up ... phenomena that is poorly understood. , A ... Salvatore Torquato, a Professor of Chemistry at Princeton ... dormancy and the switch to a malignant state. ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... new synthesis of recent research findings to inform their ... two states. , The Ecology and Management of ... Synthesis of the Relevant Biophysical Science and Implications for ... the U.S. Forest Service,s Pacific Northwest Research Station, is ... a synthesis of the large body of scientific information ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection 2Modeling tumor dormancy 2New report synthesizes best available science on management of moist mixed-conifer forests 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014 New test ... the in vitro diagnostic (IVD) test industry, especially as ... healthcare market researcher listed more than 25 testing innovations ... be the future of IVD products. Kalorama details the new ... The Worldwide Market for In Vitro Diagnostic Tests ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... The North American crystal oscillator market report defines and ... forecast of revenue. This market was valued at $531.4 ... million by 2018, at a CAGR of 3.3% from ... the North American crystal oscillator market report, to get ... provides a glimpse of the segmentation of the market, ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... San Diego, CA (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... laboratory balances from Sartorius, A & D Weighing, ... Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance . The Sartorius ... looking for an affordable high-quality, precise, and user-friendly ... in manufacturing of laboratory equipment, their laboratory balances ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... --  Synthetic Biologics, Inc. (NYSE MKT: SYN), a ... and diseases, announced today that the U.S. Patent and ... a composition of matter patent application that covers the ... This is Synthetic Biologics, first allowed patent application directly ... the Company,s extensive C. difficile patent estate. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Report: Radical New IVD Test Approaches Key To Growth 2Report: Radical New IVD Test Approaches Key To Growth 3The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4Pipette.com Launches the Addition of Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance to Their Product Portfolio with Special Promotional Pricing 2Pipette.com Launches the Addition of Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance to Their Product Portfolio with Special Promotional Pricing 3Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 2Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 3Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 4
Cached News: