HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Studies expand understanding of X chromosome

BETHESDA, Md., Wed., March 16 The National Institutes of Health (NIH) hailed the first comprehensive analysis of the sequence of the human X chromosome, saying that this provides sweeping new insights into the evolution of sex chromosomes and the biological differences between males and females. These studies, a detailed analysis of the X chromosome's DNA sequence and a survey of its gene activity, are published in the current issue of the journal Nature.

"These detailed analyses of the X chromosome represent a monumental achievement for biology and medicine. They are exciting examples of what is being learned from the vast trove of sequence data produced by the Human Genome Project and made freely available to researchers around the world," said Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., director of National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of NIH, which led the U.S. component of the Human Genome Project along with the Department of Energy.

The sequencing work on the X chromosome was carried out as part of the Human Genome Project at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Hinxton, England; Baylor College of Medicine, Houston; Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis; the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin; the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology, Jena, Germany; and Applied Biosystems, Inc., Foster City, CA.

In the first study, an international team of more than 250 genomic researchers led by the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute described an analysis of the complete DNA sequence of the human X chromosome. In humans and other mammals, sexual identity is governed by a pair of chromosomes referred to as "X" and "Y." Females have two X chromosomes, while males have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome.

One of the central goals of the effort to analyze the human genome is the identification of all genes, which are generally defined as stretches of DNA that code for particular proteins. The new analys
'"/>

Contact: Geoff Spencer
spencerg@mail.nih.gov
301-451-8325
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute
16-Mar-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Studies to find better ways to preserve human eggs, ovarian tissue under way
2. Studies assess effectiveness of serotonin and nerve stimulants on irritable bowel syndromes
3. The Institute of Ecosystem Studies recognized by the Wildlife Society
4. The Institute of Ecosystem Studies to host an international conference on ecology and urban design
5. Hot flashes -- Studies explore the role of genes, obesity and alcohol
6. Studies force new view on biology of flavonoids
7. Studies of population genetics, evolution are an exercise in bad taste
8. Studies identify DNA regions linked to nicotine dependence
9. Studies at cancer conference show new therapies changing outlook for blood cancer patients
10. Studies find general mechanism of cellular aging
11. Institute of Ecosystem Studies director and scientist honored by the Botanical Society of America

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Studies expand understanding chromosome

(Date:7/20/2015)... , July 20, 2015  Acuity Market Intelligence,s ... The Convergence of Commerce and Privacy" forecasts that ... biometric apps will be downloaded to smart mobile ... mobile biometrics market is projected to generate more ... during the seven-year forecast period.    ...
(Date:7/13/2015)... Conn. , Jul. 13, 2015 NXT-ID, ... "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on the ... has filed provisional patent 62/188684 for ... achieves another new convenient and secure method to ... new, innovative payment methods, introduced with its groundbreaking ...
(Date:7/9/2015)... 2015 Research and ... the "Biometrics for Banking; Market & Technology ... to their offering. The adoption for ... growth and the forecast is that by 2020 ... companies involved in delivering biometric systems to the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biometrics on Smart Mobile Devices to Redefine Digital Identity with 12.9 Billion Biometric App Downloads between 2014 and 2020 2NXT-ID Patents Behavior-Directed Payments 2NXT-ID Patents Behavior-Directed Payments 3NXT-ID Patents Behavior-Directed Payments 4Global Banking Biometrics Market 2015-2020 - Market & Technology Analysis, Adoption Strategies and Forecasts 2Global Banking Biometrics Market 2015-2020 - Market & Technology Analysis, Adoption Strategies and Forecasts 3
(Date:7/31/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... Global Resorcinol Market 2015-2019 is ... on the global resorcinol industry. The report highlights the various growth prospects and ... and analysis of primary and secondary inputs from the existing players of the ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... , July 30, 2015 AACC ... to the 2015 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical ... from July 26–30. The meeting showcased revolutionary advancements ... the ability of healthcare providers to diagnose patients ... effective medical treatment. As of ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... July 30, 2015 According to ... (Software, Molecular Modeling, PB/PK, PKPD, Trial Design, Toxicity Prediction, ... Preclinical, Clinical Trial), by End Users - Global Forecast ... expected to reach USD 2,107.99 million by 2020 from ... 15.29%. Browse more than ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... across the globe, ISN improves the efficiency and effectiveness of contractor management systems. ISN,s ... reliable contractors in over 80 countries. ... ... Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers In More Than 80 Countries ... Headquartered in Dallas, TX , ISN has additional offices in Calgary ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 2Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 3Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 4Innovative Research on Cancer, Heart Disease, and Infectious Diseases Draws More than 17,500 Attendees to 2015 AACC Annual Meeting 2Innovative Research on Cancer, Heart Disease, and Infectious Diseases Draws More than 17,500 Attendees to 2015 AACC Annual Meeting 3Innovative Research on Cancer, Heart Disease, and Infectious Diseases Draws More than 17,500 Attendees to 2015 AACC Annual Meeting 4Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 2Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 3Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 4ISN Reaches Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers 2ISN Reaches Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers 3
Cached News: