HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Study finds 60 new genes controlled by DNA snippet

the genetic code. Researchers also concluded that genes, specific batches of code that direct protein construction, comprise just about 2 percent of all human DNA. A central question in genetics has become: what does the remaining 98 percent of human genetic material do?

Regulatory sequences are emerging as an important part of the non-gene majority of human genetic material, once thought of as "junk DNA." A new frontier in genetic research is the defining of the regulome, the complete set of DNA sequences that regulate the behavior of genes. DNA segments that code for proteins average 200 base pairs in length, whereas regulatory sequences typically include just six to 10 base pairs, making them hard to find.

As a human embryo develops from a single cell into tens of billions of cells, DNA must be read and copied again and again to supply each cell with its needed copy. Over time, random changes, or mutations, are inserted into the code during the copying process. Some mutations bring survival advantages and others cause disease. Most known genetic diseases identified to date result from a mutation within a gene that directs protein construction, but that may soon change.

"We believe more and more disease-causing mutations will be found within regulatory sequences that control genes turning on or off," Miano said. "We therefore are very interested in defining as many functional regulatory elements as we can to help geneticists pinpoint a growing number of disease-causing mutations."

Study Details
In Miano's study, the regulatory sequence under examination was the CArG box. The nucleotide building blocks of DNA chains may contain any one of four nucleobases: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C). Any sequence of code starting with 2 Cs, followed by any combination of 6 As or Ts, and ending in 2 Gs is a CArG box.

According to Miano, there are 1,216 variations of CArG box that together occur approx
'"/>

Contact: Greg Williams
Greg_Williams@urmc.rochester.edu
University of Rochester Medical Center
1-Feb-2006


Page: 1 2 3 4 5

Related biology news :

1. Study begins to reveal clues to the cause and progression of sepsis
2. Study finds gender differences in renal and other genes contributing to blood pressure
3. Study suggests estrogen deficiency can lead to obesity-induced high blood pressure after menopause
4. Study: Sticking to the sand might not be such good, clean fun for beachgoers
5. Study points to new way to predict death risk from torn aorta
6. Study identifies new gene therapy tools for inherited blindness
7. Study finds contaminated water reaching Floridas offshore keys
8. Study sheds light on why humans walk on two legs
9. Study explains how pathogens evolve to escape detection
10. Study finds hereditary link to premenstrual depression
11. Study identifies energy efficiency as reason for evolution of upright walking

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Study finds new genes controlled DNA snippet

(Date:6/17/2015)... Germany , June 17, 2015 ... today launched new Investigator ® STR assay kits for ... the United States . The new genetic fingerprint kits ... markers (short tandem repeats or STRs) for DNA matching. They ... quality of DNA in each sample, a novel QIAGEN technology ...
(Date:6/16/2015)... Fingerprint Cards has received an order of 375 ... from one of its module partners in Asia ... the third quarter 2015. The sensors will be used by ... Jörgen Lantto, CEO of FPC, comments: " This order   ... smartphone OEMs in integrating touch fingerprint sensors in   their ...
(Date:6/12/2015)... DALLAS , June 12, 2015  Securus ... justice technology solutions for public safety, investigation, corrections ... issued its patent to electronically capture, analyze and ... various facial recognition methods. This system ... authorized by an enrollment and subsequent sign-on process ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):QIAGEN Launches New Genetic Fingerprinting Kits for U.S. Forensic Labs 2QIAGEN Launches New Genetic Fingerprinting Kits for U.S. Forensic Labs 3QIAGEN Launches New Genetic Fingerprinting Kits for U.S. Forensic Labs 4QIAGEN Launches New Genetic Fingerprinting Kits for U.S. Forensic Labs 5FPC Receives Order for Touch Fingerprint Sensors of 375 MSEK 2Securus Announces Patent Issued for Authorized Presence Verification During Video Visitation 2
(Date:7/3/2015)... , July 3, 2015 ... for Open Innovation in Science", som finner ... Søknadene sendes på nett, på  http://www.openinnovationinscience.at , ... 2015.  De to største utfordringene ... å undersøke nye forskningsspørsmål og kompleksiteten av ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... GLEN ELLYN, Ill. , July 2, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... and Colton Eakins are gaining invaluable real-world ... Institute of Technology this summer. The students ... Dr. Jeff Wereszczynski,s research group at IIT. ... Professors Dr. Tom Carter , Physics; Dr. ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... July 02, 2015 , ... ... development and manufacturing of surgical instruments in Orthopedics, announced today the acquisition of ... and the world's largest provider of surgical instruments to the Spine Industry. The ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... ... 01, 2015 , ... The next-generation sequencing (NGS) clinical market is poised for ... diagnostics industry. BCC Research reveals in its new report that the market drivers of ... a growing need for better diagnostics as part of a molecular diagnostics trend. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Lansering av verdens første Open Innovation-program for utdanning av forskere 2Lansering av verdens første Open Innovation-program for utdanning av forskere 3COD Students Participate in Prestigious Summer Internships 2In'Tech Medical Acquires Turner Medical to Become a World Leader in Orthopedic Contract-Manufacturing 2In'Tech Medical Acquires Turner Medical to Become a World Leader in Orthopedic Contract-Manufacturing 3NGS-Based Diagnostics, the ‘Must-Have Platform’, Sends Market Segment CAGRs Soaring According to BCC Research 2NGS-Based Diagnostics, the ‘Must-Have Platform’, Sends Market Segment CAGRs Soaring According to BCC Research 3
Cached News: