HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Study identifies 5 genetic themes key to keeping stem cells in a primitive, flexible state

For more than 25 years, stem cells have been defined based on what they can become: more of themselves, as well as multiple different specialized cell types. But as genetic techniques have become increasingly powerful, many scientists have sought a more molecular definition of stem cells, based on the genes they express.

Now, a team of Canadian scientists has identified 1,155 genes under the control of a gene called Oct4 considered to be the master regulator of the stem cell state. A comprehensive molecular definition of stem cells is emerging: according to this research, stem cells are cells that keep their DNA packaged in a flexible format, keep cell division tightly controlled, prevent signals that might trigger death, repair DNA very effectively, and reinforce all of these characteristics by tightly controlling how molecules can move within the nucleus. The study will be published in the June 20 edition of the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE.

You could call this a theory-of-everything for stem cells, said senior author Dr. Michael Rudnicki, referring to the often-cited theory of everything for physics. Dr. Rudnicki is a Senior Scientist and Professor at the Ottawa Health Research Institute and the University of Ottawa. He also leads the Sprott Centre for Stem Cell Research in Ottawa and Canadas Stem Cell Network.

While previous studies have tried to compare gene expression in different types of stem cells, the strategy used in this study was unique. Rather than simply searching for any genes expressed by stem cells, the researchers looked for genes whose expression was also correlated with the master stem cell regulator gene Oct4. They also applied very rigorous analysis methods, using data from StemBase, the largest stem cell gene expression database in the world. Designed by bioinformaticist Dr. Miguel Andrade, the database includes data from thousands of DNA microarrays submitted mainly by scientists in Canadas Stem Cel
'"/>

Contact: Jennifer Paterson
jpaterson@ohri.ca
613-798-5555
Public Library of Science
19-Jun-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Study begins to reveal clues to the cause and progression of sepsis
2. Study finds gender differences in renal and other genes contributing to blood pressure
3. Study suggests estrogen deficiency can lead to obesity-induced high blood pressure after menopause
4. Study: Sticking to the sand might not be such good, clean fun for beachgoers
5. Study points to new way to predict death risk from torn aorta
6. Study identifies new gene therapy tools for inherited blindness
7. Study finds contaminated water reaching Floridas offshore keys
8. Study sheds light on why humans walk on two legs
9. Study explains how pathogens evolve to escape detection
10. Study finds hereditary link to premenstrual depression
11. Study identifies energy efficiency as reason for evolution of upright walking

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/15/2014)... ability to assess the pandemic risk from strains of ... must not allow ourselves to become complacent that the ... consortium of scientists. , Influenza pandemics arise when a ... to develop widespread immunity – spreads in the human ... past 100 years, the worst of which – the ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... on the growing mobile commerce market releases photos and video of ... on Monday October 13 th . Gino ... and angel investor Mr. Chad A. Verdi rang ... NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for their work and dedication ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Ohio (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years since ... a team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing ... model airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important ... only breathe but to enhance the sense of smell ... ,nosy, animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason Bourke, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists 'must not become complacent' when assessing pandemic threat from flu viruses 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3
(Date:10/25/2014)... October 24, 2014 Today, Nerium International, ... the winners of its “Reflect Your Youth” contest, an ... only seen a difference in their skin since using ... new outlook on life as a result of their ... as an effort by Nerium International to inspire conversations ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... YORK , Oct. 24, 2014 ... Inc. (ACCP), a biopharmaceutical company advancing patient care ... 1-for-50 reverse split of its common stock effective ... 24, 2014. PlasmaTech,s common stock will trade on ... and temporary ticker symbol "ACCPD". After 20 days, ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014 New test innovations ... in vitro diagnostic (IVD) test industry, especially as companies ... market researcher listed more than 25 testing innovations in ... the future of IVD products. Kalorama details the new approaches ... Worldwide Market for In Vitro Diagnostic Tests , ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Shimadzu Scientific Instruments introduces its Open ... the pain management and clinical markets. The software increases ... by allowing users to highlight and review results that ... allows analysts to filter results by group or based ... eliminating the need to sift through analytes of no ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Nerium International™ Inspires Conversation About the Journey of Aging with “Reflect Your Youth” Contest 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Reverse Stock Split, Ticker Change and Launches New Corporate Website 2Report: Radical New IVD Test Approaches Key To Growth 2Report: Radical New IVD Test Approaches Key To Growth 3Shimadzu Releases QuantAnalytics Open Access LCMS Software Package for Clinical Applications 2
Cached News: