HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Study shows frogs can play key role in stem cell research

It sounds like one of those curiosities which pops up in wildlife documentaries, but the African clawed frog could prove a powerful ally for scientists working in the key area of stem cell research. Researchers at the University of Edinburgh have discovered that the distinctive species which has become popular in recent years as a domestic pet shares with humans the same genetic mechanism that enables embryonic stem cells to divide without limit. This process, which gives embryonic stem cells the capacity to become any of the 200 cell types in the body, is fundamental to all research in the discipline.

Until now, stem cells have been obtained from mice, primates and humans, but never from amphibians. But, because the African clawed frog is easier to study than mice and humans, the Edinburgh team anticipate that it will become an important research tool in their quest to understand and, ultimately, treat disease using stem cells. The results of their study are published in the current edition of the journal Development.

The key protein in humans, called Oct4, which governs the process of unlimited division of stem cells, has an equivalent in the African clawed frog, called PouV. This new research shows that the two proteins are not only similar, but perform the same function both bind to DNA and activate certain genes that keep stem cells dividing. Indeed, embryonic stem cells lacking the Oct4 protein stop dividing and become specialised.

In the study, Dr Gillian Morrison introduced frog PouV proteins into mouse embryonic stem cells lacking Oct4 and found that the frog proteins "rescued" the stem cells in other words, the cells recovered their ability to divide without limit. Dr Morrison obtained similar effects when she introduced PouV proteins from another amphibian, the axolotl (a type of salamander).

To find out exactly what function PouV proteins perform in frog embryos, Dr Morrison injected special compounds into very young
'"/>

Contact: Ana Coutinho
ana.coutinho@ed.ac.uk
44-131-650-5830
University of Edinburgh
14-May-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Study begins to reveal clues to the cause and progression of sepsis
2. Study finds gender differences in renal and other genes contributing to blood pressure
3. Study suggests estrogen deficiency can lead to obesity-induced high blood pressure after menopause
4. Study: Sticking to the sand might not be such good, clean fun for beachgoers
5. Study points to new way to predict death risk from torn aorta
6. Study identifies new gene therapy tools for inherited blindness
7. Study finds contaminated water reaching Floridas offshore keys
8. Study sheds light on why humans walk on two legs
9. Study explains how pathogens evolve to escape detection
10. Study finds hereditary link to premenstrual depression
11. Study identifies energy efficiency as reason for evolution of upright walking

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Study shows frogs can play key role stem cell research

(Date:4/20/2015)... , April 20, 2015 ...   Glenbeigh Records Management (GRM), Ireland,s ... with Dubai Islamic Bank. Having built up an impressive track ... now a leading player within the records management sector in ... expects to double is GCC staffbase and employ a further ...
(Date:4/13/2015)... April 13, 2015 According ... "Global Biometrics Market Forecast & Opportunities, 2020", the global ... of around 14% till 2020. The biometrics market ... scale implementation and review of biometric management systems. ... new products with greater efficiency, are resulting in ...
(Date:4/8/2015)... N.C. , April 8, 2015  Infinisource, ... solutions and services, and Morpho, a leading supplier ... partnership to produce the market,s most advanced biometrically-enabled ... Infinisource,s iSolved NXG time clock is setting a ... and labor data for the small and mid-size ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Glenbeigh Records Management Wins Contract With Dubai Islamic Bank 2Glenbeigh Records Management Wins Contract With Dubai Islamic Bank 3Global Biometrics Market to Cross US$ 21 Billion by 2020: TechSci Research 2iSolved Time Clock Offers Unmatched Accuracy due to Morpho Biometrics 2iSolved Time Clock Offers Unmatched Accuracy due to Morpho Biometrics 3
(Date:5/20/2015)... , May 20, 2015 Research and Markets ... of the "Top Technologies in HW_Technical Insights" ... of this report evaluated technology trends in the Health ... that are likely to have an impact in the ... analysis of the top 10 health and wellness technologies ...
(Date:5/20/2015)... , May 20, 2015  Select Medical ... the Federal Trade Commission granted early termination of ... Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, applicable to ... Acquisition Corporation, a joint venture that Select has ... As previously announced, MJ Acquisition Corporation ...
(Date:5/20/2015)... (PRWEB) May 20, 2015 Agricultural firm ... anniversary of its acquisition of Tiger-Sul. Since the ... (Calgary Alberta, Canada) in May 2005, H.J. Baker has ... build it into a comprehensive portfolio of product offerings ... of H.J. Baker and the innovation of Tiger-Sul, transforming ...
(Date:5/20/2015)... 20, 2015  Cypher Genomics, Inc., a leading ... Celgene Corporation to apply Cypher,s Coral TM ... with patient response to innovative medicines. The information ... accelerate patient access to the right medicine at ... and development and potentially inform new companion diagnostics.  ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Top Technologies in the Health and Wellness Industry 2015 2Select Medical Corporation's Proposed Acquisition of Concentra Inc. through Joint Venture with Welsh Carson Receives Antitrust Clearance 2Agricultural Firm H.J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Celebrates 10 Years Since Acquisition Of Tiger-Sul 2Agricultural Firm H.J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Celebrates 10 Years Since Acquisition Of Tiger-Sul 3Cypher Genomics Collaborates with Celgene Corporation to Identify Novel Genomic Biomarkers 2
Cached News: