HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Surprising new species of light-harvesting bacterium discovered in Yellowstone

In the hot springs of Yellowstone National Park, a team of researchers has discovered a novel bacterium that transforms light into chemical energy. The discovery of the chlorophyll-producing bacterium, Candidatus Chloracidobacterium (Cab.) thermophilum, will be described in the 27 July 2007 issue of the journal Science in a paper led by Don Bryant, the Ernest C. Pollard Professor of Biotechnology in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Penn State University, and David M. Ward, Professor of Microbial Studies in the Thermal Biology Institute and Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences at Montana State University, and colleagues.

Yellowstone National Park is known as a tourists' wonderland that is full of animals, strange rock formations, geysers, and colorful hot springs, but it is also a scientific reservoir housing what may be the world's largest diversity of thermophilic (heat-loving) bacteria. Yellowstone habitats have been explored since the 1960s for new organisms that may have important applications in biotechnology, for cleaning up pollution (bioremediation), or in medicine. The research team led by Bryant and Ward found the new bacterium living in the same hot springs as the most famous Yellowstone microbe, Thermus aquaticus, which has revolutionized forensics and other fields by making the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) a routine procedure.

Remarkably, the new genus and species Cab. thermophilum also belongs to a new phylum, Acidobacteria. The discovery marks only the third time in the past 100 years that a new bacterial phylum has been added to the list of those with chlorophyll-producing members. Although chlorophyll-producing bacteria are so abundant that they perform half the photosynthesis on Earth, only 5 of the 25 major groups, or phyla, of bacteria previously were known to contain members with this ability.

"The microbial mats give the hot springs in Yellowstone their re
'"/>

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State
26-Jul-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Surprising origin of cells internal highways
2. Surprising airbag hazards among research findings at hearing safety conference
3. Surprising symbiosis: Glassy-winged sharpshooter eats with friends
4. Surprising genetic differences id-ed in southern house mosquito
5. Surprising killer of southeastern salt marshes: Common sea snails
6. Growing lymph vessels with macrophages? Surprisingly, yes!
7. Surprisingly complex behaviors appear to be hard-wired in the primate brain
8. Surprising study reveals how cancer-causing protein activates
9. Lost forest yields several new species
10. Smithsonians National Zoo researchers use electronic eggs to help save threatened species
11. One species, many genomes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017 ... just announced a new breakthrough in biometric authentication ... exploits quantum mechanical properties to perform biometric authentication. These ... smart semiconductor material created by Ram Group and ... finance, entertainment, transportation, supply chains and security. Ram ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... The global military biometrics market ... by the presence of several large global players. The ... major players - 3M Cogent, NEC Corporation, M2SYS Technology, ... 61% of the global military biometric market in 2016. ... military biometrics market boast global presence, which has catapulted ...
(Date:4/17/2017)... April 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... the filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on ... ... is available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website ... SEC,s website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... The Blavatnik Family Foundation and the ... of the 2017 Blavatnik Regional Awards for Young Scientists. Established in 2007, ... the New York Academy of Sciences to honor the excellence of outstanding postdoctoral ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... AMRI, a global contract research, ... improve patient outcomes and quality of life, will now be offering its impurity ... to new regulatory requirements for all new drug products, including the finalization of ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... ... wash is a basic first aid supply for any work environment, but most personal eye ... first if a dangerous substance enters both eyes? It’s one less decision, and likely quicker ... eye piece. , “Whether its dirt and debris, or an acid or alkali, getting anything ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... LAGUNA HILLS, Calif. , Oct. 11, 2017 ... London (ICR) and University of ... prognostic tool to risk-stratify patients with multiple myeloma (MM), in ... nine . The University of Leeds ... by Myeloma UK, and ICR will perform the testing services ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: