HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
The Milky Way shaped life on Earth

Frenzied star-making in the Milky Way Galaxy starting about 2400 million years ago had extraordinary effects on life on Earth. Harvests of bacteria in the sea soared and crashed in a succession of booms and busts, with an instability not seen before or since. According to new results published by Dr. Henrik Svensmark of the Danish National Space Center in the journal Astronomische Nachrichten, the variability in the productivity of life is closely linked to the cosmic rays, the atomic bullets that rain down on the Earth from exploded stars. They were most intense during a baby boom of stars, many of which blew up.

'The odds are 10,000 to 1 against this unexpected link between cosmic rays and the variable state of the biosphere being just a coincidence, and it offers a new perspective on the connection between the evolution of the Milky Way and the entire history of life over the last 4 billion years,' Dr Svensmark comments.

Dr Svensmark looked at the long record of life's bounty given by counts of heavy carbon atoms, carbon-13, in sedimentary rocks. When bacteria and algae in the ocean grow by taking in carbon dioxide, they prefer the ordinary carbon-12 atoms. As a result, the sea becomes enriched in carbon-13, which is acceptable to sea creatures building their carbonate shells. Variations in carbon-13 therefore record how much photosynthetic growth was in progress when the shell-makers were alive in other words, how productive the biosphere was at that time.

To his surprise, Dr Svensmark noticed that the biggest fluctuations in productivity coincided with high star formation rates and cool periods in Earth's climate. Conversely, during a billion years when star formation was slow, cosmic rays were less intense and Earth's climate was warmer, the biosphere was almost unchanging in its productivity.

This reveals a link more subtle than any straightforward idea of, say, a warm climate being life-friendly or a cold climate
'"/>

Contact: Dr Henrik Svensmark
hsv@spacecenter.dk
452-063-4740
Danish National Space Center
14-Nov-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Facial attraction -- choice of sexual partner shaped the human face
2. Why is the heart heart-shaped?
3. Whats shaped like a pear and has two genomes? Check the pond
4. Three at MIT conceive cell-shaped building
5. Evidence human activities have shaped large-scale ecological patterns
6. A sea otter-shaped rubble pile in space
7. First high-flex knee replacement implant shaped specifically to fit womans anatomy
8. Why are letters and other human visual signs shaped the way that they are?
9. MicroRNAs have shaped the evolution of the majority of mammalian genes
10. For two primates, patience takes different forms, shaped by ecology
11. Evolution of taste receptor may have shaped human sensitivity to toxic compounds

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: The Milky Way shaped life Earth

(Date:6/25/2015)... CITY , June 25, 2015  Imagine a ... steps toward a healthier, happier life. That,s exactly what ... designed to do. The cutting-edge, portable health program provides ... real-life solutions to help improve your lifestyle and nutrition. ... awards dinner and gala Wednesday night, USANA,s THA was ...
(Date:6/24/2015)... YORK , June 24, 2015 This ... market, over the next six years. It contains an ... the industry, along with their impact from the short, ... It also discusses the industry, market, and technology trends ... that the need of concerned authorities to efficiently manage ...
(Date:6/24/2015)... 2015 Biometry authentication provider KeyLemon today ... solution one face in. Logo ... face in, entering the expanding biometric authentication market ... biometric answer to the password problem. With advanced ... with KeyLemon, one face in allows users to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):@USANAinc's Personalized Nutrition Program Wins Industry Innovation Award 2Automatic Identification System Market by Class, by Platform, by Application and by Geography - Global Forecasts & Analysis to 2014 - 2020 2KeyLemon Announces Partnership With Biometric Password Solution onefacein 2
(Date:7/1/2015)... Calif. , July 1, 2015   ... on the development of groundbreaking drugs to treat ... announced today that Robert G. Miller , ... at Sutter Health,s California Pacific Medical Center in San ... ALS Association for $1.5 million to help fund ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... July 01, 2015 , ... Apex Therapeutics ... BIO International Convention in Philadelphia, PA. , The presentation took place on ... outlined the plans for the development of APX3330 for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... - Resverlogix Corp. ("Resverlogix") (TSX:RVX) announced today that ... approved the resolutions relating to: (i) a private ... at a price of $2.67 per unit (the ... one common share and 0.075358 common share purchase ... and (ii) the amendment to Resverlogix,s articles to ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... uBiome and OpenBiome Partner for Microbiome ... fecal microbiota transplantation in C. difficile patients. , SAN FRANCISCO, uBiome and OpenBiome ... microbiota transplantation (FMT) as a treatment for Clostridium difficile infections (C. diff). , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Investigator to Receive $1.5 Million Grant from the ALS Association to Help Fund Confirmatory Phase 2 Study of Neuraltus Pharmaceuticals' NP001 2Investigator to Receive $1.5 Million Grant from the ALS Association to Help Fund Confirmatory Phase 2 Study of Neuraltus Pharmaceuticals' NP001 3Investigator to Receive $1.5 Million Grant from the ALS Association to Help Fund Confirmatory Phase 2 Study of Neuraltus Pharmaceuticals' NP001 4Apex Therapeutics Presented Company Overview at This Year’s BIO International Convention in Philadelphia, PA 2Resverlogix Corp. Shareholders Approve Matters Relating to Licensing and Equity Arrangement 2Resverlogix Corp. Shareholders Approve Matters Relating to Licensing and Equity Arrangement 3uBiome and OpenBiome Partner for Microbiome Study in FMT Patients 2uBiome and OpenBiome Partner for Microbiome Study in FMT Patients 3
Cached News: