HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
The closest look ever at the cell's machines

Today researchers in Germany announce they have finished the first complete analysis of the "molecular machines" in one of biology's most important model organisms: S. cerevisiae (baker's yeast). The study from the biotechnology company Cellzome, in collaboration with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), appears in this week's online edition of Nature.

"To carry out their tasks, most proteins work in dynamic complexes that may contain dozens of molecules," says Giulio Superti-Furga, who launched the large-scale project at Cellzome four years ago. "If you think of the cell as a factory floor, up to now, we've known some of the components of a fraction of the machines. That has seriously limited what we know about how cells work. This study gives us a nearly complete parts list of all the machines, and it goes beyond that to tell us how they populate the cell and partition tasks among themselves."

The study combined a method of extracting complete protein complexes from cells (tandem affinity purification, developed in 2001 by Bertrand Sraphin at EMBL), mass spectrometry and bioinformatics to investigate the entire protein household of yeast, turning up 257 machines that had never been observed. It also revealed new components of nearly every complex already known.

In the course of the work, new computational techniques were developed at EMBL that gave new insights into the dynamic nature of protein complexes. In contrast to most man-made factories, cells continually dismantle and reassemble their machines at different stages of the cell cycle and in response to environmental challenges, such as infections.

"This would be a logistical nightmare if the cell had to build every machine from scratch any time it needed to do something," says Anne-Claude Gavin, former Director of Molecular and Cell Biology at Cellzome and currently a team leader at EMBL. "We've discovered that the reality is different. Cells use a mixed strateg
'"/>

Contact: Anna-Lynn Wegener
wegener@embl.de
496-221-387-8452
European Molecular Biology Laboratory
22-Jan-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists find missing link between whale and its closest relative, the hippo
2. New fossil may be closest yet to ancestor of all great apes
3. Loss of cells antenna linked to cancers development
4. Surprising origin of cells internal highways
5. Columbia scientists determine 3-dimensional structure of cells fuel gauge
6. Defective movement of cells power plants implicated in commom inherited neurological disorder
7. Johns Hopkins researchers find link between cells energy use and genome health
8. Hopkins researchers discover genetic switch that turns off an oxygen-poor cells combustion engine
9. New and sharper X-rays of cells ribosome could lead to better antibiotics
10. Scientists discover secret behind human red blood cells amazing flexibility
11. UCSB researchers discover that the cells endosomes use a surprising transportation system

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/28/2017)... The report "Video Surveillance Market ... Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), and Service (VSaaS, ... to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market was valued ... to reach USD 75.64 Billion by 2022, at a ... year considered for the study is 2016 and the ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- The Controller General of Immigration from Maldives Mr. ... have received the prestigious international IAIR Award for the most innovative high ... ... Maldives Immigration Controller ... (small picture on the right) have received the IAIR award for the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... PUNE, India , March 23, 2017 The report ... Equipment, Touchless Biometric), Industry, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... growing at a CAGR of 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. ... ... Logo ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... Poway, California (PRWEB) , ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... afternoon speaking at his local San Diego Rotary Club. The event ... San Diego, CA and had 300+ attendees. Dr. Harman, DVM, MPVM was joined ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... 10, 2017 SomaGenics announced the receipt of ... develop RealSeq®-SC (Single Cell), expected to be the first ... (including microRNAs) from single cells using NGS methods. The ... to accelerate development of approaches to analyze the heterogeneity ... "New techniques for measuring levels of mRNAs in individual ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... October 10, 2017 , ... The Pittcon ... awards honoring scientists who have made outstanding contributions to analytical chemistry ... Pittcon 2018, the world’s leading conference and exposition for laboratory science, which will ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... October 09, 2017 , ... The ... scheduled to broadcast first quarter 2018. American Farmer airs Tuesdays at 8:30aET on RFD-TV. ... industry is faced with the challenge of how to continue to feed a growing ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: