HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
The closest look ever at the cell's machines

Today researchers in Germany announce they have finished the first complete analysis of the "molecular machines" in one of biology's most important model organisms: S. cerevisiae (baker's yeast). The study from the biotechnology company Cellzome, in collaboration with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), appears in this week's online edition of Nature.

"To carry out their tasks, most proteins work in dynamic complexes that may contain dozens of molecules," says Giulio Superti-Furga, who launched the large-scale project at Cellzome four years ago. "If you think of the cell as a factory floor, up to now, we've known some of the components of a fraction of the machines. That has seriously limited what we know about how cells work. This study gives us a nearly complete parts list of all the machines, and it goes beyond that to tell us how they populate the cell and partition tasks among themselves."

The study combined a method of extracting complete protein complexes from cells (tandem affinity purification, developed in 2001 by Bertrand Sraphin at EMBL), mass spectrometry and bioinformatics to investigate the entire protein household of yeast, turning up 257 machines that had never been observed. It also revealed new components of nearly every complex already known.

In the course of the work, new computational techniques were developed at EMBL that gave new insights into the dynamic nature of protein complexes. In contrast to most man-made factories, cells continually dismantle and reassemble their machines at different stages of the cell cycle and in response to environmental challenges, such as infections.

"This would be a logistical nightmare if the cell had to build every machine from scratch any time it needed to do something," says Anne-Claude Gavin, former Director of Molecular and Cell Biology at Cellzome and currently a team leader at EMBL. "We've discovered that the reality is different. Cells use a mixed strateg
'"/>

Contact: Anna-Lynn Wegener
wegener@embl.de
496-221-387-8452
European Molecular Biology Laboratory
22-Jan-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists find missing link between whale and its closest relative, the hippo
2. New fossil may be closest yet to ancestor of all great apes
3. Loss of cells antenna linked to cancers development
4. Surprising origin of cells internal highways
5. Columbia scientists determine 3-dimensional structure of cells fuel gauge
6. Defective movement of cells power plants implicated in commom inherited neurological disorder
7. Johns Hopkins researchers find link between cells energy use and genome health
8. Hopkins researchers discover genetic switch that turns off an oxygen-poor cells combustion engine
9. New and sharper X-rays of cells ribosome could lead to better antibiotics
10. Scientists discover secret behind human red blood cells amazing flexibility
11. UCSB researchers discover that the cells endosomes use a surprising transportation system

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/16/2016)... The global Biometric ... USD 1.83 billion by 2024, according to a ... proliferation and increasing demand in commercial buildings, consumer ... the market growth.      (Logo: ... of advanced multimodal techniques for biometric authentication and ...
(Date:6/7/2016)... , June 7, 2016  Syngrafii Inc. ... a business relationship that includes integrating Syngrafii,s patented ... branch project. This collaboration will result in greater ... the credit union, while maintaining existing document workflow ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160606/375871LOGO ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... , June 2, 2016 Perimeter ... Platforms, Unmanned Systems, Physical Infrastructure, Support & Other Service  ... visiongain offers comprehensive analysis of the global ... market will generate revenues of $17.98 billion in 2016. ... DVTEL Inc, a leader in software and hardware technologies ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... -- GenomOncology today announced the appointment of Joshua F. Coleman ... Dr. Coleman will oversee clinical content development and curation ... GenomOncology software suite empowers molecular pathologists with a seamless workflow ... support, from quality control through reporting. ... , , ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , Nov. 30, 2016  The Allen Institute ... Collection: the first publicly available collection of gene ... that target key cellular structures with unprecedented clarity. ... these powerful tools are a crucial first step ... better understand what makes human cells healthy and ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , 30. November 2016   Merck ... heute die Unterzeichnung einer Reihe von Vereinbarungen ... wird Evotec AG Screeningleistungen für Mercks Palette ... Der Zugriff auf diese Bibliotheken in Kombination ... einen schnelleren Weg zur Ermittlung und Erforschung ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... Energetiq Technology, ... introduces the 5th generation, ultra-bright, Laser-Driven Light Source, the EQ-77, at the MRS ... technology, the EQ-77 offers higher radiance and irradiance from a truly broadband white ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: