HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
The new form of trypanosomiasis discovered in India stems from a deficiency in apolipoproteinL-1

The two known types of human trypanosomiasis, endemic in two regions of the world, are sleeping sickness in Africa, caused by the parasites Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or T. b. rhodiense, and Chagas' disease in South America induced by T. cruzi. Everywhere else, normally only animals are infected by trypanosomes that, although specific for humans are not pathogenic for them. Yet, in 2004, the first case of human trypanosomiasis was formally identified in India by IRD researcher Philippe Truc, working with the WHO and the Maharashtra State Department of Health (1). The patient was a farmer living in this State who proved to be infected by a trypanosome, T. evansi, usually a parasite of camels and cattle. In South America, North Africa and in a great part of Asia including India, where this parasite is present, many human populations are currently living in contact with infected animals. Scientists from the Universit Libre de Bruxelles , in conjunction with Philippe Truc and Indian medical specialists, under an agreement with WHO (2), carried out analyses on blood serum from the infected patient, which led them to identify the cause of this first case of human trypanosomiasis in India.

Humans possess natural resistance to this parasite, as they have towards related African trypanosomes, like T. brucei. In the latter case, the innate immunity results from the trypanolytic activity of a specific human protein, apolipoprotein L-1 (APOL-1). Once absorbed inside the parasite, this protein forms pores in the parasite's organelle membrane, thus inducing the destruction of the trypanosome. However, the two subspecies T. brucei rhodesiense and T. b. gambiense have, with time, overcome human immune defences by acquiring resistance to APOL-1 and thereby causing sleeping sickness in Africa. In T. b. rhodesiense, this resistance mechanism involves a protein that is peculiar to this subspecies, named SRA (Serum Resistance-associated protein), which interacts strongl
'"/>

Contact: Marie Guillaume-Signoret
fichesactu@paris.ird.fr
33-014-803-7607
Institut de Recherche Pour le Dveloppement
19-Jan-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. New, more direct pathways from outside the cell-to-cell nuclei discovered
2. A new brake on cellular energy production discovered
3. New target for HIV/AIDS drugs and vaccine discovered
4. Surprising new species of light-harvesting bacterium discovered in Yellowstone
5. Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered
6. Fruit fly gene from out of nowhere is discovered
7. A novel molecular dictator with a conscience discovered
8. Gene discovered for type 1 diabetes in children
9. Alzheimers prevention role discovered for prions
10. Link between obesity and enlarged heart discovered by University of Arizona researchers
11. Genetic fellow traveler discovered in Alzheimers

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/29/2014)... surprising discoveries about the body,s initial responses to ... team found that specialized cells in the intestine ... invasion and are the source of gut inflammation ... , Though aimed at the presence of ... that provides a barrier to protect the body ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... (Aug. 29, 2014) Scientists at the Barshop Institute ... of Medicine at the UT Health Science Center at ... the tissues of the longest-lived rodent, the naked mole ... the cells of naked mole rats protects and alters ... damaged and obsolete proteins. , The factor also protects ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... recently, little has been known about what genetic changes ... of scientists, one of whom is a University of ... that genes controlling the development of the brain and ... The study was published Aug. 28 in Science ... is online at http://www.sciencemag.org/ ., The domestication of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The early cost of HIV 2Factor in naked mole rat's cells enhances protein integrity 2New research reveals how wild rabbits were genetically transformed into tame rabbits 2New research reveals how wild rabbits were genetically transformed into tame rabbits 3
(Date:8/28/2014)... WA (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 Sterlitech ... Filtration’s polymeric membranes to its stable of products ... available molecular weight cut-offs and include membrane filters with ... steady increase in customer demand for our membrane process ... greater variety of flat sheet membranes,” explains Sterlitech President ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... new work by a Florida State University research team ... take your temperature, emit white light, and convert photon ... looks like a butterfly. , Biwu Ma, associate professor ... the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, created the molecule in ... to discover that his creation has many other unique ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 A ... around the world is available from Strategic Consulting, ... companies. “ Industrial Microbiology Market Review, Fourth Edition: ... Market ” (IMMR—4) tracks and compares microbiology test ... North America, Europe and Asia, and forecasts future ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... PrimeSource Building Products, Inc., a leading ... to support their communication needs with the ... conferencing platform GlobalMeet powered by SoundConnect. The solution ... SoundConnect delivers award winning “results driven” business class ... be utilizing GlobalMeet powered by SoundConnect ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sterlitech Corporation Enhances Its Selection of Flat Sheet Membrane Filters 2Novel 'butterfly' molecule could build new sensors, photoenergy conversion devices 22 Billion Industrial Microbiology Tests Conducted for Product Quality and Safety Worldwide 22 Billion Industrial Microbiology Tests Conducted for Product Quality and Safety Worldwide 3PrimeSource Chooses SoundConnect as Collaboration Provider 2
Cached News: