HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
The secret love life of plants

A large portion of plant seeds is endosperm. It has the important task of nourishing the plant embryo during the early stages of its development. In flowering plants, there is a complicated double-fertilisation mechanism that arises among embryos and endosperm. They develop together into mature seeds. The exact process, and the communication between the two parts of the seeds, has been unclear to scientists. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research and the University of Cologne have, however, isolated a mutant where there is only one single fertilisation. In a recent online edition of the journal Nature Genetics (November 28, 2005) they explain that this single fertilisation, which creates an embryo, also triggers the development of endosperm, even when the central cell where endosperm develops is not fertilised. The ovules of flowering plants are housed in a carpel. Pollen lands on the flower's stigma and forms a pollen tube. It then uses each one of its two sperm cells to fertilise the egg cell, from which the embryo hatches, and the central cell, where the endosperm grows. This double fertilisation is what is special to all flowering plants.

Scientists in Cologne, working with Arp Schnittger, have found a mutant of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana called cdc2. It has an altered pollen. Because of a failed cell division, the cdc2-plants develop pollen that has only one sperm cell instead of two. The researchers have now been exploring the question if whether, under these conditions, fertilisation is possible at all. It turned out that the mutated pollen can survive and even grow into a female partner. Once it has arrived there, the single sperm cell of the cdc2 pollen merges only with the egg cell and not with the central cell. This shows a hierarchy, never before discovered, in the fertilisation process of Arabidopsis.

The scientists made another astounding observation: although the central cell remained unfertilised, i
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Arp Schnittger
schnitt@mpiz-koeln.mpg.de
49-221-506-2627
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
8-Dec-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Secret life of elephant seals not secret anymore!
2. Anthrax bacteriums deadly secrets probed
3. Uncovering the secrets of the deep
4. Natures secrets yield new adhesive material
5. Decoding mushrooms secrets could combat carbon, find better biofuels and safer soils
6. St. Jude study yields secrets of chromosome movement
7. UVa-led team uncovers important secret in gene replication
8. UCR biologists unravel the genetic secrets of black widow spider silk
9. Nature surrenders flowery secrets to international team
10. Scientists identify prions infectious secret
11. Puzzling plankton yield secrets to role in evolution/global photosynthesis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: The secret love life plants

(Date:11/18/2014)... BOSTON , Nov. 17, 2014   ... HealthCare and EMC collaborate to develop The Partners ... , The Partners Data Lake will allow ... to improve diagnostics, treatment and the lives of ... support research and clinical activities across the Partners ...
(Date:11/11/2014)...  Forensicon, Inc., a Chicago -based ... the promotion of Yaniv Schiff from Senior ... Schiff,s new role as Director, he will lead company ... examiners and provide leadership within the company,s digital forensics ... Schiff joined Forensicon in 2006 ...
(Date:11/6/2014)... groundbreaking paper from a team of Florida State University ... plants could adapt to and survive environmental swings such ... the latest issue of the journal The Plant ... of DNA and proteins) is organized in a cell ... genes are turned on and others are turned off. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 2Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 3Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 4Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 5Yaniv Schiff Promoted to Director of Digital Forensics at Forensicon, Inc. 2Maize analysis yields whole new world of genetic science 2
(Date:11/21/2014)... The science of light and how ... more than 200 primary students in a traveling program ... of Otago Physics Department and funded by an ... of the university’s OSA/SPIE Student Chapter visited six primary ... children from small, rural schools hands-on lessons in optics ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... York, NY (PRWEB) November 20, 2014 ... is now available as an open access journal featuring ... with infrared fluorescent proteins to preserve photoresponsiveness in the ... Two-color fluorescent in situ hybridization using chromogenic substrates ... chips for DNA, RNA, and protein electrophoresis , ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... 2014 Polaris Group announced today that ... Phase 1 trial of ADI-PEG 20 in combination ... malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and non-squamous non-small cell ... on ADI-PEG 20, both as monotherapy and in ... several other indications, including breast cancer, melanomas, ovarian ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... RPS Diagnostics (RPS®) – a ... announces its third annual partnership of the Centers ... About Antibiotics Week from November 17-23. , Get ... designed to highlight the coordinated efforts of CDC, ... for-profit partners to provide education about the importance ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Optics and photonics outreach programs share science, spark fascination with light 2Optics and photonics outreach programs share science, spark fascination with light 3BioTechniques: The International Journal of Life Science Methods Announces the Publication of the November 2014 Issue—Available in Print and Online 2BioTechniques: The International Journal of Life Science Methods Announces the Publication of the November 2014 Issue—Available in Print and Online 3Polaris Group Announces Treatment of First Patient in Phase 1 Study of ADI-PEG 20 plus Pemetrexed and Cisplatin in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma And Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma 2RPS Again Partners with the CDC in Support of the 2014 Get Smart About Antibiotics Week 2RPS Again Partners with the CDC in Support of the 2014 Get Smart About Antibiotics Week 3
Cached News: