HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Thin tough skin, slow-growing gills protect larval Antarctic fish

Very thin but hardy, unblemished skin and slow developing gills appear to be keys to survival for newly hatched Antarctic notothenioids, a group of fish whose adults thrive in icy waters because of antifreeze proteins (AFPs) in their blood.

Such adaptations are important, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign say, because the larval fish of at least two species of notothenioids that inhabit the Ross Sea at McMurdo Sound and Terra Nova Bay surprisingly lack sufficient antifreeze to protect them through their first three months of life.

The unexpected discovery, reported online by the Journal of Experimental Biology ahead of regular publication, counters the assumption that these vital proteins must be present from the time of hatching -- a view held by scientists since fish AFPs were found in the 1960s.

Internal fluids such as blood in many notothenioids are about half as salty as seawater. While seawater reaches its freezing point at -1.91 degrees Celsius, fish fluids will freeze at about -1 degree Celsius. The water where these species dwell rarely rises above the freezing point and is regularly filled with ice crystals.

"The way that we've understood how adult polar fishes survive has been based on their use of these antifreeze proteins to lower the freezing point of their internal fluids," said lead author Paul A. Cziko, a research specialist in the department of animal biology. "We finally got a chance to look at the larval fish, and it seems that they don't always have to have antifreeze proteins to survive."

Cziko, who earned bachelor's degrees in honors biology and biochemistry in 2004 from Illinois, studied in Antarctica as an undergraduate with animal biology professors Chi-Hing (Christina) Cheng and Arthur L. DeVries, who discovered AFPs in notothenioids.

The research team, which also included Clive W. Evans of the University of Auckland in New Zealand, studied three notothenioid spe
'"/>

Contact: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor
jebarlow@uiuc.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
13-Feb-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. When the going gets tough, slime molds start synthesizing
2. Tyrannosaur survivorship -- tough times for teens
3. USC researchers find drug is tough tumor fighter
4. Siberian tigers hang tough
5. Now, self-healing materials can mimic human skin, healing again and again
6. Oral ZYVOX shows cost savings for outpatient treatment of skin, other infections vs. vancomycin
7. Human gland probably evolved from gills
8. Multinational research: protecting ecology means understanding people, too
9. No evidence that widely prescribed statins protect against prostate cancer
10. Rain forest protection works in Peru
11. New study suggests Concord grape juice may provide protection against breast cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Thin tough skin slow growing gills protect larval Antarctic fish

(Date:4/22/2014)... Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the ... week report that they have discovered a new genus ... the Negro River in the Amazonia State of Brazil. ... Adlia Nogueira and Jos Antnio Alves-Gomes of INPA, describe ... the journal Proceedings of the Natural Sciences of ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... at the University of Kentucky has discovered new methods ... , The research, led by Peixuan Guo, professor ... the UK College of Pharmacy and Markey Cancer Center, ... Boiling-Resistant Anionic Polymer Material To Build Robust Structures with ... and Daniel L. Jasinski. , The article, which will ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... trip to Asia to coordinate with allies and ... at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) emphasized ... as an example of strong and growing ties ... the region. , The APTEP program, centered in ... the development of alternative energy technologies. It takes ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New electric fish genus and species discovered in Brazil's Rio Negro 2RNA shows potential as boiling-resistant anionic polymer material for nanoarchitectures 2Full power: Alternative energy partnerships flourish in Asia 2Full power: Alternative energy partnerships flourish in Asia 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... Scottsdale, Arizona (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 ... growth for Scottsdale’s Brain State Technologies®. They saw continued ... University Medical Center who were awarded a $1 million ... papers published in “Brain and Behavior” a peer reviewed ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... , Jan. 15, 2014 TaiGen Biotechnology Company, Limited ... agreement with R-Pharm, a leading Russian pharmaceutical company, to ... Russian Federation , Turkey ... States (CIS). Nemonoxacin is a novel antibiotic for the treatment ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Histogen, Inc., a regenerative medicine company ... under simulated embryonic conditions, today announced that they have ... Inc. for physician-dispensed aesthetic products containing Histogen’s proprietary multipotent ... is an amendment to the existing license between Histogen ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... 2014 EquitiesIQ, a leading informational research ... Alliqua is an emerging biomedical company acquiring, developing, manufacturing, ... market. , Free report download: http://equitiesiq.com/reports/alliqua/ , ... management team and Board, which launched the company’s new ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Dynamic Innovative Technology Showcased at Scottsdale Company’s Open House 2Dynamic Innovative Technology Showcased at Scottsdale Company’s Open House 3TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 2TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 3TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 4Histogen and Suneva Medical Expand License for Cell Conditioned Media-based Aesthetic Products Internationally 2Histogen and Suneva Medical Expand License for Cell Conditioned Media-based Aesthetic Products Internationally 3EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3
Cached News: