HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Time to rewrite the species rulebook, MSU scientists say

card catalogue guide to an organism's genetic information.

The MSU scientists downloaded the already-sequenced bacteria genomes from a variety of sites on the Internet. Then they did some cross-card catalogue comparisons.

To their surprise, many bacteria that are considered members of the same species by the current mix and match approach, often share as few as 65 percent of their genes. Humans, in comparison, share 75 percent of their genes with fish.

No one's calling for the species rules to be rewritten so that humans are lumped with their distant underwater relatives. And when it comes to bacteria, the authors say, the current species definition appears to be too liberal.

Much of the differences between genetically-similar bacteria appear to be the result of environmental pressures. E. coli bacteria, for instance, exists everywhere from the intestines of warm blooded animals to paper mills. Any new way of tallying up bacteria species should "accommodate the ecological distinctiveness of the organisms," the authors write.

"The point is about the value of a correct understanding of species people expect a species to have certain traits and live in certain habitats," said Tiedje, whose work is also supported by the Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station. "If the species definition is not reasonably predictive of this, then it loses its value. This can be important for pathogen identification, quarantine or biotechnology, for example."

Konstantinidis and Tiedje also noted that even bacteria with genetic card catalogues that were as much as 99 percent similar had enough outward differences to be separate species. This shouldn't come as a shock. Humans and chimpanzees, in comparison, share 98.7 percent of their DNA. But that small difference at the genetic level results in a big difference when it comes to outward appearance and Konstantinidis and Tiedje's work is supported by the Bouyoukos Fellowship Progr
'"/>

Contact: Jim Tiedje
tiedje@msu.edu
517-355-0271
Michigan State University
8-Feb-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. New study rewrites evolutionary history of vespid wasps
2. Tiny bones rewrite textbooks
3. West Australian fossil find rewrites land mammal evolution
4. Finding rewrites the evolutionary history of the origin of potatoes
5. Lost forest yields several new species
6. Surprising new species of light-harvesting bacterium discovered in Yellowstone
7. Smithsonians National Zoo researchers use electronic eggs to help save threatened species
8. One species, many genomes
9. Reconstructing the biology of extinct species: A new approach
10. Researchers find 24 species believed new to science in Suriname rainforest
11. Scientists discover 5 new species of sea slugs from the Tropical Eastern Pacific

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Time rewrite the species rulebook MSU scientists say

(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014 Research and ... the addition of the "iPhone 5S Fingerprint ... Report" report to their offering. ... the acquisition of AuthenTec in July 2012, Apple ... 5S. It is currently the only device of ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/86ncd6/micro_market ) has announced ... America Perimeter Security Systems Market" report to their ... The North American perimeter security market is estimated ... to 2019. Although the U.S. market holds a larger ... is expected to grow at a higher CAGR of ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. , Dec. 18, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... the publication of a study that pinpoints fine-scale differences ... the United States . Since immigrants ... the United States has served as ... study illuminates how American history and the ongoing mixing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):iPhone 5S Fingerprint Sensor - Apple/AuthenTec TMDR92 & Sapphire - Technology Report 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 323andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 223andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 323andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 4
(Date:12/19/2014)... December 19, 2014 In contrast to ... LEDs with various colors, Valoya uses proprietary LED technology ... offers best possible uniformity which is critical in low ... high spectral accuracy throughout its lifetime which is up ... tubes. , "The investment cost was clearly higher ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... DALLAS , Dec. 18, 2014   ISN ... Health & Safety Performance Indicators publication series. ... hours of activity reported in 2013 within its online ... health and safety key performance indicator (KPI) statistics. ... Hiring Clients, U.S. publication is available in ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Achim Noack has been named global vice president ... position, Noack will assist Jerry Stoller, CEO and president ... and supervise global marketing management and implementation of new ... and experience in the crop protection industry,” says Jerry ... thinking will be a great asset for Stoller Group, ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... December 17, 2014 Gene synthesis ... it has entered into a technology access and ... to apply DNA2.0’s proprietary protein engineering technology, known ... , “We are extremely excited that the global ... This proprietary bioengineering technology has now been ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 2ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 3Achim Noack Joins Stoller Group as Global Vice President of Marketing and Administration 2ADM and DNA2.0 Enter Into Protein Engineering Technology Access and Service Agreement 2
Cached News: