HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Tracing Parkinson's lethal mechanism

In the vast majority of Parkinsons disease (PD) patients, the disorder arises not because of a genetic defect, but because some external insult triggers the death of dopamine-producing neurons. Now, researchers have reported progress in understanding the mechanism underlying that death, which they say suggests a new treatment pathway.

In both mice and human patients, the researchers have found evidence that neurons die because of a crippling of a particular protective enzyme that eliminates potentially damaging reactive oxygen species normally generated in the cells power plants, called mitochondria.

David Park, of the Ottawa Health Research Institute, and colleagues published their findings in the July 5, 2007 issue of the journal Neuron, published by Cell Press.

The researchers studied the mechanism of PD using a mouse model of the disease, in which a mitochondria-affecting toxin called MPTP is used to produce Parkinsons-like brain pathology. In earlier studies, they had found that MPTP activates protein-snipping enzymes called calpains in mitochondria. They also found evidence that calpains, in turn, activate a cellular switch called Cdk5. The question, however, was how this abnormal activation ultimately kills neurons.

In their new studies, the researchers analyzed neurons to determine that Cdk5 regulates yet another enzyme called Prx2. This enzyme is known as a peroxidase and acts to render harmless the chemically active reactive oxygen species that are produced inside mitochondria in the process of generating energy for the cell.

Specifically, the researchers found that treating neurons with MPTP activates Cdk5 to switch off Prx2. Whats more, they found that activating Prx2 in MPTP-treated mice prevented the loss of dopamine-producing neurons. And they experimentally demonstrated that the action of Cdk5 on Prx2 plays a pivotal role in the neuronal damage from MPTP.

Importantly, the researchers disc
'"/>

Contact: Erin Doonan
edoonan@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press
5-Jul-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Tracing the pathways of neurofibromatosis
2. Tracing the formation of long-term memory
3. The selfs broken border: Tracing the role of agency attribution in schizophrenia
4. Scientists identify 2 distinct Parkinsons networks
5. Lancet study shows gene therapy for Parkinsons disease is safe and some patients benefit
6. Gene therapy study shows safety and statistically significant improvement in Parkinsons disease
7. PINK1 protects from Parkinsons
8. Parkinsons protein protects neurons from stress induced cell death
9. UCLA researchers discover link between Parkinsons and narcolepsy
10. Alzheimers, Parkinsons, type 2 diabetes similar at molecular level
11. Nanotechnology offers hope for treating spinal cord injuries, diabetes and Parkinsons disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Tracing Parkinson lethal mechanism

(Date:4/27/2015)... ATLANTA , April 27, 2015  For more ... and trade show has been the premier worldwide event ... Systems 2015 is a must-attend event for any local, ... insight into the emerging commercial markets and current applications ... and innovations of this projected $48 billion industry, and ...
(Date:4/20/2015)... 20, 2015 Huntington Memorial Hospital is the ... a new miniaturized, wireless monitoring sensor to manage heart ... and only FDA-approved heart failure monitoring device that has ... by physicians to manage heart failure. The ... in the pulmonary artery (PA) during a non-surgical procedure ...
(Date:4/14/2015)... -- NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or ... growing mobile commerce market, announces that its Wocket® smart ... Design Awards under the category  ,Product Design – Technology,. ... are part of a global multi-disciplinary awards program. The ... marketplace, industry and judging panel. Winners will be announced ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UNMANNED SYSTEMS 2015: Largest International Conference and Trade Show for the Drone and Unmanned Technology Industry 2UNMANNED SYSTEMS 2015: Largest International Conference and Trade Show for the Drone and Unmanned Technology Industry 3UNMANNED SYSTEMS 2015: Largest International Conference and Trade Show for the Drone and Unmanned Technology Industry 4UNMANNED SYSTEMS 2015: Largest International Conference and Trade Show for the Drone and Unmanned Technology Industry 5Huntington Memorial Hospital Becomes First in the San Gabriel Valley to Offer Patients a New Heart Failure Monitoring Solution 2Huntington Memorial Hospital Becomes First in the San Gabriel Valley to Offer Patients a New Heart Failure Monitoring Solution 3NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Nominated for 2015 New York Design Awards in 'Product Design- Technology' 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Nominated for 2015 New York Design Awards in 'Product Design- Technology' 3
(Date:5/21/2015)... Calif. , May 21, 2015  The ... Orrin Hatch (R-UT) and Amy Klobuchar ... Extensions Now Accelerating Cures & Treatments, or OPEN ... rare disease patient advocacy organizations, this bipartisan legislation ... and affordable medicines to rare disease patients by ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... , May 21, 2015  CytRx Corporation ... development company specializing in oncology, today announced positive ... trial with aldoxorubicin for the treatment of unresectable ... cancer.  The open-label, multisite trial is designed to ... in patients whose tumors have progressed following prior ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... Kingston, Ontario (PRWEB) May 21, 2015 ... entered into an exclusive North American distribution agreement ... microbiology testing system. , With more than 160 ... of products and services for laboratory and production ... choice, operational excellence and differentiated services to enable ...
(Date:5/20/2015)... 2015 This year has been one ... US Patented Pearl’s Premium Ultra Low Maintenance Lawn ... country that are coming out of record bad weather. ... of major global concerns related to water, health, and ... the alternative to the standard, water-wasting, chemical-treated standard lawn. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Advocates Cheer Senate Leaders for Introducing Bipartisan Bill to Increase Number of Rare Disease Treatments 2CytRx Reports Positive Updated Phase 2 Aldoxorubicin Clinical Trial Results in Glioblastoma Multiforme (Brain Cancer) 2CytRx Reports Positive Updated Phase 2 Aldoxorubicin Clinical Trial Results in Glioblastoma Multiforme (Brain Cancer) 3CytRx Reports Positive Updated Phase 2 Aldoxorubicin Clinical Trial Results in Glioblastoma Multiforme (Brain Cancer) 4CytRx Reports Positive Updated Phase 2 Aldoxorubicin Clinical Trial Results in Glioblastoma Multiforme (Brain Cancer) 5CytRx Reports Positive Updated Phase 2 Aldoxorubicin Clinical Trial Results in Glioblastoma Multiforme (Brain Cancer) 6CytRx Reports Positive Updated Phase 2 Aldoxorubicin Clinical Trial Results in Glioblastoma Multiforme (Brain Cancer) 7Veolia’s TECTA™ B16 Instrument for E. Coli Detection is Offered Exclusively Through VWR 2Breakthrough 4th Generation Low Maintenance Lawn Seed Offers Solution to California Drought 2
Cached News: