HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
U-M researchers find family of 'on switches' that cause prostate cancer

ANN ARBOR, Mich. Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center have discovered how genes turn on the switch that leads to prostate cancer.

The team discovered that pieces of two chromosomes can trade places with each other and cause two genes to fuse together. The fused genes then override the off switch that keeps cells from growing uncontrollably, causing prostate cancer to develop.

By testing these gene fusions in mice and in cell cultures, the researchers showed that the fusions are what cause prostate cancer to develop. But its not just one set of genes that fuse. The researchers found that any one of several in a family of genes can become scrambled and fuse. Results of the study appear in the Aug. 2 issue of Nature.

Each of these switches, or gene fusions, represent different molecular subtypes. This tells us theres not just one type of prostate cancer. Its a more complex disease and potentially needs to be treated differently in each patient, says lead study author Arul Chinnaiyan, M.D., Ph.D., director of the Michigan Center for Translational Pathology, a new U-M center whose goal is to translate research into real world practice.

The gene fusion research is the centerpiece project of the new center. In the current study, researchers found one of several abnormal gene fusions in the prostate cancer tissue samples they tested. In 2005, the researchers identified a prostate-specific gene called TMPRSS2, which fuses with either ERG or ETV1, two genes known to be involved in several types of cancer.

The Nature paper reports on five additional genes that fuse with ERG or ETV1 to cause prostate cancer. Gene fusions were involved in 60 percent to 70 percent of the prostate cancer cell lines the researchers looked at. The genes involved are all controlled by a different mechanism. For example, four of the genes are regulated by androgen, a male sex hormone known to fuel prostate cancer.
'"/>

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System
1-Aug-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
2. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
3. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
4. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
5. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells
6. 2007 EURYI: 20 young researchers to receive Nobel Prize-sized awards for breakthrough ideas
7. Pets could be source of multiresistant bacteria infections in humans, MU researchers investigate
8. MGH researchers confirm that bone marrow restores fertility in female mice
9. Smithsonians National Zoo researchers use electronic eggs to help save threatened species
10. U-M researchers identify gene involved in breast cancer
11. Drug protects brain cells in Huntingtons disease model, researchers find

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/14/2019)... ... August 13, 2019 , ... Dr. Julie Reck of Veterinary Medical Center of Fort ... Her first stem cell patient, her own geriatric Australian Shepherd, Simon, was treated in ... Simon wanted to play but his body was weak, and he struggled to play fetch ...
(Date:8/6/2019)... ... August 06, 2019 , ... ... modeling system that could have far-reaching implications for personalized medicine, especially when seeking ... (PLSR), is able to predict which stem cell donors and manipulation methods might ...
(Date:8/6/2019)... CLAREMONT, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... August 05, 2019 , ... ... of the KGI School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (SPHS). , “Dean Zdanowicz is ... KGI Board of Trustees Chairman Jim Widergren. “He is a great choice to build ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/14/2019)... ... August 13, 2019 , ... Chata was founded ... QC laboratories. After gaining a few significant clients, Lifecycle purchased the company with ... supplier of manufacturing processing solutions, including reagents for tissue processing. Chata quickly outgrew ...
(Date:8/6/2019)... , ... August 06, 2019 , ... ... (LSMR) have joined forces in launching the biweekly SDBN BUZZ podcast focused on ... SDBN BUZZ podcast will also serve to promote the region and attract external ...
(Date:8/6/2019)... ... August 06, 2019 , ... The National Science ... of a community project that will engage middle and early high school students ... “A Youth-Led Citizen Science Network for Community Environmental Assessment.” Collaborative partners presenting the ...
(Date:7/26/2019)... BOSTON (PRWEB) , ... July 25, 2019 , ... ... senior-level biopharma leaders through off-the-record collaboration and dialogue, today announces its Boston ... Boston Waterfront Hotel. As part of Biotech Week Boston , the event ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: