HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
UCLA engineers develop revolutionary nanotech water desalination membrane

Researchers at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science today announced they have developed a new reverse osmosis (RO) membrane that promises to reduce the cost of seawater desalination and wastewater reclamation.

Reverse osmosis desalination uses extremely high pressure to force saline or polluted waters through the pores of a semi-permeable membrane. Water molecules under pressure pass through these pores, but salt ions and other impurities cannot, resulting in highly purified water.

The new membrane, developed by civil and environmental engineering assistant professor Eric Hoek and his research team, uses a uniquely cross-linked matrix of polymers and engineered nanoparticles designed to draw in water ions but repel nearly all contaminants. These new membranes are structured at the nanoscale (the width of human hair is approximately 100,000 nanometers) to create molecular tunnels through which water flows more easily than contaminants.

Unlike the current class of commercial RO membranes, which simply filter water through a dense polymer film, Hoek's membrane contains specially synthesized nanoparticles dispersed throughout the polymer -- known as a nanocomposite material.

"The nanoparticles are designed to attract water and are highly porous, soaking up water like a sponge, while repelling dissolved salts and other impurities," Hoek said. "The water-loving nanoparticles embedded in our membrane also repel organics and bacteria, which tend to clog up conventional membranes over time."

With these improvements, less energy is needed to pump water through the membranes. Because they repel particles that might ordinarily stick to the surface, the new membranes foul more slowly than conventional ones. The result is a water purification process that is just as effective as current methods but more energy efficient and potentially much less expensive. Initial tests suggest the new
'"/>

Contact: Melissa Abraham
mabraham@support.ucla.edu
310-206-0540
University of California - Los Angeles
6-Nov-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Boston Univeristy bioengineers devise dimmer swith to regulate gene expression in mammal cells
2. Worlds top engineers in San Antonio for system of systems conference
3. New medications, cancer diagnosis goals of UH engineers with $1M in grants
4. EO Lawrence Award goes to 8 scientists and engineers
5. Carnegie Mellon engineers devise new process to improve energy efficiency of ethanol production
6. Pittsburgh-based team engineers muscle, bone cell differentiation with aid of ink-jet printer
7. NJIT women scientists and engineers use new information technologies to tackle isolation on campus
8. MIT engineers probe spiders polymer art
9. Yale biomedical engineers receive prestigious Early Career Awards
10. Physicians and engineers pool resources to prevent stroke
11. Pitt trains budding engineers to think green

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/12/2015)... 12, 2015 As the digital ... innovation and advanced biometrics technology is accelerating beyond expectations.  ... rely on using their credit cards, the digital currency, ... for payment services led by companies in the space ... Google, Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG ), Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: ...
(Date:8/11/2015)... , August 11, 2015 Today, ZUK ... Already received as well as expected revenues in 2015 that relate ... FPC,s communicated revenue guidance of approximately 2,200 MSEK for 2015. ... is a prominent smartphone manufacturer in ... ZUK selected FPC1 155 for ...
(Date:8/6/2015)... REDWOOD CITY, Calif. , Aug. 6, 2015 ... (D-Silicon Valley) will visit Crossmatch ™ to ... secure networks and protect data. Crossmatch is a ... solutions whose technologies and expertise are helping federal ... operational efficiency and security.   "The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 2Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 3Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 4Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 5Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 6FPC's Touch Fingerprint Sensor FPC1155 in ZUK's Smartphone Z1 2Rep. Honda to Visit Crossmatch in Redwood City 2
(Date:9/3/2015)... ... September 03, 2015 , ... Michigan-based ... monitoring wearable early 2016. , The device, called the Halo H1, is ... and electrical sensing technology. These sensors track trending interstitial fluid levels in the ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... , Sept. 2, 2015 ... announced the addition of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new ... to their offering. ... pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries is anticipated. Nanotechnology ... drug development - from formulations for optimal ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( ... PharmaBiotech,s new report "Biochips and Microarrays - ... This report is an analysis of ... report starts with a description of technologies as ... array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), copy number variation ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... , Sep. 02, 2015 ... the addition of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new report "Gene ... offering. The markets for gene therapy are ... gene therapy product and it is marketed in ... are estimated for the years 2014-2024. The estimates are ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Technology Startup Halo Wearables to Unveil Non-Invasive Hydration Monitoring Device Early 2016 2Global Nanobiotechnology Applications, Markets and Companies Report 2015-2024 2Global Nanobiotechnology Applications, Markets and Companies Report 2015-2024 3Global Biochips and Microarrays Technologies, Markets and Companies Report 2015 with Market Size in 2014 and Projected Value for the Years 2019 and 2024 2Global Gene Therapy Market Study 2015-2024 - Technologies, Markets and Companies Analysis 2
Cached News: