HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
UCSD discovery shows how embryonic stem cells perform 'quality control' inspections

Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have found a fundamental mechanism used by embryonic stem cells to assure that genetically damaged stem cells do not divide and pass along the damage to daughter stem cells.

Their discovery, detailed in an advance online publication of the journal Nature Cell Biology, solves the longstanding mystery of how embryonic stem cells, which have the potential to divide an unlimited number of times and differentiate to make all of the cell types in the body, are able to avoid duplicating cells that have sustained genetic damage.

"What we discovered is a primary mechanism that allows embryonic stem cells to perform quality control inspections during their self-renewal, the process by which these cells undergo unlimited cellular division to produce an unlimited number of daughter cells," says Yang Xu, an associate professor of biology at UCSD who headed the research team.

"Since DNA damage can occur during normal cellular propagation as well as after the exposure of cells to DNA-damaging radiation and chemicals, it is critical for the embryonic stem cells to develop stringent mechanisms to ensure the repair of DNA damage and prevent the passage of DNA damage to their daughter cells. Unrepaired DNA damage will cause genetic instability and, ultimately, cellular transformation into cancer cells."

Xu and his team made their discovery while working with embryonic stem cell lines from mice, which possess the same known properties and capabilities as human embryonic stem cells. They found that a protein, p53, known to play a critical role in the suppression of tumors in both humans and mice, is also used to maintain the genetic stability of embryonic stem cells.

The scientists, who included Tongxiang Lin, a UCSD postdoctoral fellow and the first author of the study, and Connie Chao, a graduate student in Xu's laboratory, discovered that p53 activated by DNA damage in mouse em
'"/>

Contact: Yang Xu
yangxu@ucsd.edu
858 822-1084
University of California - San Diego
26-Dec-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Enzyme discovery sheds light on vitamin D
2. New proteomics research promises to revolutionize biomedical discovery
3. MU researchers make discovery in molecular mechanics of phototropism
4. International team to honor 30th anniversary of deep-sea vent discovery in Galpagos
5. Screening approach leads to discovery of gene linked to breast cancer
6. Lucky 13 as new gene discovery offers further hope for childhood blindness
7. Plants that produce more vitamin C may result from UCLA-Dartmouth discovery
8. Biting discovery: MU entomologist finds host of new aquatic insect species in Thailand
9. J&JPRD discovery may lead to new treatments for chronic sensitivity, pain caused by cold
10. Protein enables discovery of quantum effect in photosynthesis
11. Unicellular microRNA discovery

Post Your Comments:
(Date:3/23/2015)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the ... commerce market, announces its biometric payment technology, the Wocket® smart ... starting March 30 th . The ... New York markets. Gino ... our new ad campaign following the recent initial shipment of ...
(Date:3/20/2015)... 20, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announces its ... of the products featured in 2015 "I Want That" ... PM EST on the DIY Network.   ... Vegas , site of the 2015 International CES ...
(Date:3/18/2015)... Florida , March 18, 2015 ... as businesses, new revolutionary smart wallets and apps continue to ... Companies currently entrenched in the mobile payment industry in focus ... Group Holding Ltd. (NYSE: BABA ), Apple Inc. ... GOOG ) and Facebook Inc. (NASDAQ: FB ) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet to Launch New CNBC Regional TV Ad Campaign 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet to Launch New CNBC Regional TV Ad Campaign 3NXT-ID's Wocket Biometric Smart Wallet to Air on "I Want That" International CES Special 2NXT-ID's Wocket Biometric Smart Wallet to Air on "I Want That" International CES Special 3Revolutionary Smart Wallet & Mobile Payment Choices Change the Game for Consumers - Company Begins Shipping Newest Digital Wallet to Customers 2Revolutionary Smart Wallet & Mobile Payment Choices Change the Game for Consumers - Company Begins Shipping Newest Digital Wallet to Customers 3Revolutionary Smart Wallet & Mobile Payment Choices Change the Game for Consumers - Company Begins Shipping Newest Digital Wallet to Customers 4Revolutionary Smart Wallet & Mobile Payment Choices Change the Game for Consumers - Company Begins Shipping Newest Digital Wallet to Customers 5Revolutionary Smart Wallet & Mobile Payment Choices Change the Game for Consumers - Company Begins Shipping Newest Digital Wallet to Customers 6
(Date:4/23/2015)... DIEGO , April 23, 2015  Neurocrine Biosciences, ... Company will report its first quarter 2015 results before ... Neurocrine will then host a live conference call and webcast ... update Thursday morning, April 30, 2015 at 8:00 a.m. ... can access the live conference call by dialing 866-952-1906 ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... Calif. , April 23, 2015  Veracyte, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... into a definitive agreement to sell approximately $40 million ... the agreement, the investors will purchase an aggregate of ... of $8.15 per share, the closing stock price on ... new and existing investors, including Broadfin Capital, Camber Capital, ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... 23, 2015  Metanome, Inc., an industry leader ... has changed its name to Diversigen, Inc.  The ... the single commercial source for the myriad of ... the diverse opportunities of the microbiome.  From the ... – including those that are difficult to handle, ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... CA (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 Delpor, ... today announced that the United States Patent and Trademark ... Company’s NANOPOR™ technology. US Pat. No. ... Delpor’s microfabricated drug delivery device for the ... proprietary NANOPOR™ technology for the sustained (zero-order) release of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Neurocrine Biosciences Announces Conference Call and Webcast to Report First Quarter 2015 Results 2Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 2Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 3Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 4Metanome Announces Corporate Name Change to Diversigen 2Delpor, Inc. Announces the Issuance of 2 New US Patents Based on its Nanopore Technology which Enables the Sustained Release of Drugs from a Small Implant Device 2Delpor, Inc. Announces the Issuance of 2 New US Patents Based on its Nanopore Technology which Enables the Sustained Release of Drugs from a Small Implant Device 3
Cached News: