HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
UCSD discovery shows how embryonic stem cells perform 'quality control' inspections

Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have found a fundamental mechanism used by embryonic stem cells to assure that genetically damaged stem cells do not divide and pass along the damage to daughter stem cells.

Their discovery, detailed in an advance online publication of the journal Nature Cell Biology, solves the longstanding mystery of how embryonic stem cells, which have the potential to divide an unlimited number of times and differentiate to make all of the cell types in the body, are able to avoid duplicating cells that have sustained genetic damage.

"What we discovered is a primary mechanism that allows embryonic stem cells to perform quality control inspections during their self-renewal, the process by which these cells undergo unlimited cellular division to produce an unlimited number of daughter cells," says Yang Xu, an associate professor of biology at UCSD who headed the research team.

"Since DNA damage can occur during normal cellular propagation as well as after the exposure of cells to DNA-damaging radiation and chemicals, it is critical for the embryonic stem cells to develop stringent mechanisms to ensure the repair of DNA damage and prevent the passage of DNA damage to their daughter cells. Unrepaired DNA damage will cause genetic instability and, ultimately, cellular transformation into cancer cells."

Xu and his team made their discovery while working with embryonic stem cell lines from mice, which possess the same known properties and capabilities as human embryonic stem cells. They found that a protein, p53, known to play a critical role in the suppression of tumors in both humans and mice, is also used to maintain the genetic stability of embryonic stem cells.

The scientists, who included Tongxiang Lin, a UCSD postdoctoral fellow and the first author of the study, and Connie Chao, a graduate student in Xu's laboratory, discovered that p53 activated by DNA damage in mouse em
'"/>

Contact: Yang Xu
yangxu@ucsd.edu
858 822-1084
University of California - San Diego
26-Dec-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Enzyme discovery sheds light on vitamin D
2. New proteomics research promises to revolutionize biomedical discovery
3. MU researchers make discovery in molecular mechanics of phototropism
4. International team to honor 30th anniversary of deep-sea vent discovery in Galpagos
5. Screening approach leads to discovery of gene linked to breast cancer
6. Lucky 13 as new gene discovery offers further hope for childhood blindness
7. Plants that produce more vitamin C may result from UCLA-Dartmouth discovery
8. Biting discovery: MU entomologist finds host of new aquatic insect species in Thailand
9. J&JPRD discovery may lead to new treatments for chronic sensitivity, pain caused by cold
10. Protein enables discovery of quantum effect in photosynthesis
11. Unicellular microRNA discovery

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/15/2014)... are many viral diseases in the world for which ... fever, which is spread by mosquitoes in the tropics, ... more familiar in Finland and is easily spread by ... children and the elderly. , Researchers at Aalto University ... in preliminary tests to prevent the spread of one ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... parasites of cuttlefish, squid and octopus has uncovered ... shown how they may help in investigating populations ... has described 10 new parasite species− dicyemid mesozoans ... (cuttlefish, squid and octopus). They are the ... Australian waters. , "Although dicyemid parasites have ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... 15, 2014) New research published in the ... American College of Nutrition shows whey protein, either ... part of a weight-loss or weight-maintenance diet, may provide ... , The meta-analysis included 14 randomized controlled trials with ... those weight loss studies that used whey protein to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Nanocrystalline cellulose modified into an efficient viral inhibitor 2Bizarre parasite may provide cuttlefish clues 2New meta-analysis builds on the power of whey protein for improved body composition 2New meta-analysis builds on the power of whey protein for improved body composition 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... January 15, 2014 This webinar ... on nonclinical and clinical safety assessment in biosimilars. ... guide a path for biosimilar drug development, however ... of biosimilarity with regards to quality, safety and ... of biosimilar drug development and registration, development strategies ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... NC (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 ... an enhancement to its Online Web Portal for Life ... now have the ability to specify the subject matter ... nearly 50 life science sub-domains. This will help reduce ... and scientific fields, and decrease the likelihood of error. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Doylestown, PA (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... – 11 p.m. , Location: Warrington Country Club, 1360 ... Hepatitis B Foundation, the only national nonprofit organization solely ... improving the quality of life for those affected worldwide, ... 11 at Warrington Country Club in Warrington, Pa. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... York, NY (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... initiated coverage of Alliqua, Inc. (OTCQB: ALQA). Alliqua ... and marketing proprietary products to serve the wound ... , In late 2012, Alliqua was restructured ... launched the company’s new strategy to become a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Xtalks Life Sciences Webinar Examines Safety Assessment of Biosimilars 2DTS Improves Efficiency for Life Science Document Translations 2Hepatitis B Foundation to Host Annual Crystal Ball Gala 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3
Cached News: