USC-led researchers use stem cells to regenerate parts of teeth

Los Angeles, CA., Dec.20, 2006A multi-national research team headed by USC School of Dentistry researcher Songtao Shi, DDS, PhD, has successfully regenerated tooth ro ot and supporting periodontal ligaments to restore tooth function in a swine (an animal) model. The breakthrough holds significant promise for clinical application in human patients.

The study appears December 20 in the inaugural issue of PLoS ONE.

Utilizing stem cells harvested from the extracted wisdom teeth of 18- to 20-year olds, Shi and colleagues have created sufficient root and ligament structure to support a crown restoration in their mini-pig (animal) model. The resulting tooth restoration closely resembled the original tooth in function and strength.

The technique relies on stem cells harvested from the root apical papilla, which is responsible for the development of a tooth's root and periodontal ligament. Previous studies conducted by Shi and collaborator Stan Gronthos at the National Institutes of Health had utilized dental pulp stem cells. Shi found the new technique to be superior.

"The apical papilla provides better stem cells for root structure regeneration. With this technique, the strength of the tooth restoration is not quite as strong as the original tooth, but we believe it is sufficient to withstand normal wear and tear," says Shi.

He hopes to move the technique to clinical trials within the next several years, a potential boon for dental patients who are not appropriate candidates for dental implant therapy or would prefer living tissue derived from their own teeth.

"Implant patients must have sufficient bone in the jaw to support the implant. For those who don't, this therapy would be a great alternative," says Shi.

According to Shi, the not-so-distant future may be one in which not only wisdom teeth, but those baby teeth once left to the tooth fairy for a pittance, will become valuable therapeutic tools.

Contact: Jon Weiner
Public Library of Science

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. USC-led researchers use stem cells to regenerate parts of teeth
2. USC-led team of scientists recreates DNA-mending pathway in test-tube
3. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
4. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
5. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
6. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
7. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells
8. U-M researchers find family of on switches that cause prostate cancer
9. 2007 EURYI: 20 young researchers to receive Nobel Prize-sized awards for breakthrough ideas
10. Pets could be source of multiresistant bacteria infections in humans, MU researchers investigate
11. MGH researchers confirm that bone marrow restores fertility in female mice

Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/26/2015)... and LAS VEGAS , Oct. ... Labs , an innovator in modern authentication and a ... announced the launch of its latest version of the ... enabling organizations to use standards-based authentication that supports existing ... S3 Authentication Suite is ideal for organizations deploying customer-facing ...
(Date:10/23/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/zl6bz4/global_voice ) has ... Biometrics Market 2015-2019" report to their offering. ... global voice recognition biometrics market to grow at a ... --> --> The report, Global Voice ... an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. ...
(Date:10/22/2015)... -- Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE ), a leading supplier of biometrics ... ended September 30, 2015.  --> ... million, a decrease of 33% compared to $6.0 million in the ... 2015 was $2.2 million, or $0.10 per diluted share, which compared ... period a year ago.  --> ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015 Cepheid (NASDAQ: CPHD ) ... the following conference, and invited investors to participate via ...      Tuesday, December 1, 2015 at 11.00 a.m. Eastern ...      Tuesday, December 1, 2015 at 11.00 a.m. Eastern ... New York, NY      Tuesday, December 1, ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Aeterna Zentaris Inc. (NASDAQ:  AEZS) (TSX: ... behalf of the Toronto Stock Exchange, confirms that as ... no corporate developments that would cause the recent movements ... --> About Aeterna Zentaris Inc. ... --> Aeterna Zentaris is a specialty biopharmaceutical company ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... SHPG ) announced today that Jeff Poulton , ... Annual Healthcare Conference in New York City ... (1:30 p.m. GMT). --> SHPG ) announced today that ... Piper Jaffray 27 th Annual Healthcare Conference in ... at 8:30 a.m. EST (1:30 p.m. GMT). --> Shire ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... In ... paramount. Insertion points for in-line sensors can represent a weak spot where leaking ... 781/784 series of retractable sensor housings , which are designed to tolerate extreme ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: