HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Unraveling where chimp and human brains diverge

many of the genes that play a central role in cerebral cortex networks in humans, but not in the chimpanzee, also show significant changes at the DNA level.

"When we see alterations in a gene network that correspond to functional changes in the genome, it implies that these differences are very meaningful," said Oldham. "This finding supports the theory that variations in the DNA sequence contributed to human evolution."

Relying on a new analytical approach developed by corresponding author Steve Horvath, UCLA associate professor of human genetics and biostatistics, the UCLA team used data from DNA microarrays vast collections of tiny DNA spots -- to map the activity of virtually every gene in the genome simultaneously. By comparing gene activity in different areas of the brain, the team identified gene networks that correlated to specific brain regions. Then they compared the strength of these correlations between humans and chimps.

Many of the human-specific gene networks identified by the scientists related to learning, brain cell activity and energy metabolism.

"If you view the brain as the body's engine, our findings suggest that the human brain fires like a 12-cylinder engine, while the chimp brain works more like a 6-cylinder engine," explained Geschwind. "It's possible that our genes adapted to allow our brains to increase in size, operate at different speeds, metabolize energy faster and enhance connections between brain cells across different brain regions."

Future UCLA studies will focus on linking the expression of evolutionary genes to specific regions of the brain, such as those that regulate language, speech and other uniquely human abilities.


'"/>

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
eschmidt@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2272
University of California - Los Angeles
13-Nov-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Unraveling the physics of DNAs double helix
2. Unraveling Alzheimers: Clues may be found visualizing plaques in human brain, mad cowtype diseases
3. Unraveling the viral mechanism
4. Unraveling a stomach cancer puzzle
5. High-intensity ultrasound may launch attack on cancer, wherever it lurks
6. Waters off Washington state only second place in world where glass sponge reefs found
7. Fruit fly gene from out of nowhere is discovered
8. Where did we come from, and how did we get to where we live today?
9. Why do oysters choose to live where they could be eaten?
10. Plant studies reveal how, where seeds store iron
11. Unique imaging uncovers the invisible world where surfaces meet

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/20/2016)... 20, 2016  Synaptics Incorporated (NASDAQ: SYNA ... today announced sampling of S1423, its newest ClearPad ... small screen applications including smartwatches, fitness trackers, and ... and rectangular shapes, as well as thick and ... moisture on screen, while wearing gloves, and supports ...
(Date:1/11/2016)... , Jan. 11, 2016 Synaptics Incorporated ... interface solutions, today announced that its ClearPad ® ... (TDDI) products won two separate categories in the 8 ... Innovator and Best Technology Breakthrough. The Synaptics ® ... a simplified supply chain, thinner devices, brighter displays and ...
(Date:1/7/2016)... Jan. 7, 2016 Various factors have ... products such as biologics and biosimilars. Some of ... healthcare expenditure, growing demand for cost-effective alternatives, growing ... Biosimilars are similar versions of their corresponding patented ... their quality, safety, and efficacy. The global biosimilars ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  In the pharmaceutical ... for a host of launch activities including the identification ... this launch activity is especially high in the oncology ... Best Practices and the Role of Medical Affairs ... companies focused on oncology therapies find better ways to ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... enterprise talent development and compliance training, today announced an interactive FDA compliance ... Playbook™. The RAPS (Regulatory Affairs Professional Society) accredited interactive course on Morf ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... Club, takes place February 5-6 at the University’s student center, Kehr Union, ... such as workshops and competitions for ample networking, learning and collaborating opportunities. ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- --> --> Q ... to provide the following update on recent corporate developments. ... 3 months we have significantly increased our cash position through ... a result, we have positioned ourselves to execute on the ... expect that development to continue on schedule. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: