HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Vaccine combined with short-term postexposure antibiotics protects monkeys from inhalational anthrax

Anthrax vaccine administered in combination with a short course of antibiotics completely protected nonhuman primates from inhalational anthrax, the most lethal form of the disease, according to scientists at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID).

In a collaborative study involving USAMRIID and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), investigators demonstrated that postexposure vaccination can shorten the duration of antibiotic treatment required to protect against inhalational anthrax. The findings, which appear in this week's online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could have important implications for public health management of anthrax bioterrorism events.

Anthrax is caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis, and causes three types of disease--cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and inhalational--depending upon the route of exposure. Inhalational anthrax--the type likely to occur following a bioterrorist attack--is difficult to diagnose early, and despite antibiotic therapy, has a high fatality rate. In addition, because anthrax spores can remain in the body for extended periods, antibiotic treatment is typically recommended for 60 days or more following exposure.

As noted by the authors, following the 2001 anthrax attacks in the United States, approximately 10,000 people were offered 60 days of antibiotic therapy to prevent inhalational anthrax. Adverse events associated with this regimen--including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness--were commonly reported. More importantly, only about 44 percent of people completed the whole 60-day course. Thus, minimizing the duration of postexposure antibiotic treatment could be crucial to a successful defense against a large-scale anthrax attack.

In the study, two groups of rhesus macaques were exposed to very high amounts of anthrax spores by aerosol. Both groups were then given c
'"/>

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
Caree.Vanderlinden@us.army.mil
301-619-2285
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases
1-May-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Vaccine trials inject hope into koalas future
2. Vaccine hope for malaria
3. Vaccine prevents prion disease in mice
4. Vaccine hope for sufferers of potentially fatal stomach bug
5. Vaccine to cope with viral diversity in HIV
6. PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative announces partnership to develop novel malaria vaccine
7. U of S Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization team discovers key step in flu virus replication
8. Vaccine-producing plant-factories
9. HPV Vaccine: Whats next
10. Vaccine shown effective against chancroid
11. Vaccine provides 100 percent protection against avian flu virus in animal study

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/2/2017)... Summary This report provides all the information ... partnering interests and activities since 2010. Download the ... Deals and Alliance since 2010 report provides an in-depth ... world,s leading life sciences companies. On demand ... of the most up to date deal and company ...
(Date:2/28/2017)... 2017   Acuant , a leading provider of ... enhancements to new and core technologies building upon the ... mobile and desktop Acuant FRM TM facial recognition ... real time manual review of identity documents by accredited ... fastest and most accurate capture software to streamline workflows ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... 2017  Securus Technologies, a leading provider of ... safety, investigation, corrections and monitoring, announces the appointment ... "Too often, too many offenders return to ... are trying to tackle this ongoing problem and ... family members. While significant steps are underway, Securus continues ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... at a Marketing Roundtable on March 22 in Philadelphia. The event was offered ... , The Marketing Roundtable featured breakout groups and interaction with speakers ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... WASHINGTON , March 28, 2017  (AACR17, ... single-cell sequencing during the American Association for Cancer Research ... Center in Washington, D.C. , April ... gene expression of thousands of cells at the individual ... Experts on-hand at AACR to discuss expanded ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... Dr. Chris Yu , Chief ... Anpac Bio-Medical Science Company , announced this week ... and reporting over 40,000 cases worldwide of the ... liquid biopsy tests. Described as "game ... Anpac Bio,s CDA medical devices and technology effectively ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017 ... and unpredictable sector due to the scientifically intensive ... include medical, agricultural, environmental, and industrial. In today,s pre-market ... Portola Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: PTLA), OvaScience Inc. (NASDAQ: ... Therapeutix Inc. (NASDAQ: OCUL ). Learn ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: