HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Vax and Pax: Taking turns to build an eye

Opposing ball clubs don't take the field at the same time, and neither do teams of proteins responsible for creating the eye. While one team builds the retina, in adjacent cellular turf the opponents are busy constructing the cord that carries visual signals to the brain. And these guys aren't supposed to mingle.

That's why researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies were surprised to find the respective team captains--Vax2, a protein that along with Vax1 builds the optic nerve cord, and Pax6, a protein that drives retinal fate--playing on the same field. That puzzle is explained in a forthcoming paper in Genes and Development.

Earlier studies from the laboratory of Greg Lemke, Ph.D., professor in Salk's Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory, had shown that Vax2 antagonized Pax6. "We knew that Vax1 and 2 acted together to inactivate Pax6. That's how you get an optic nerve--by preventing it from becoming a retina," explains Lemke. The only problem was that later on both Vax2 and Pax6 were co-expressed in the same cells. "If Vax2 was repressing Pax6 this seemed inconsistent," he says.

Both proteins bind DNA and function in a cell's nucleus to switch genes on and off. Pax6 regulates the development of the retina, while Vax2 ensures that the optic nerve gets built. Finding both proteins in the same nucleus would make about as much sense as having runners for the Giants and the Dodgers on base at the same time.

Analyzing eye development in both mouse and chick tissues, Lemke and former postdoctoral fellow Jin Woo Kim, Ph.D., solved the mystery. Stina Mui, a former graduate student in the Lemke lab had originally observed Vax2 in the cytoplasm of cultured cell lines and Kim had taken on the task of figuring out why. He showed that Vax2 protein is indeed expressed in the same retinal cells as Pax6, but that Vax2 shuttles in and out of the nucleus in response to a signaling molecule known as Sonic hedgehog.

"Va
'"/>

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
kirchweger@salk.edu
858-453-4100 x1340
Salk Institute
14-Oct-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Taking a supplement of glycine helps prevent degenerative diseases such as arthrosis or osteoporosis
2. Taking heart failure to the MAT1
3. Taking chips to the next level of gene hunting
4. Taking evolutions temperature: Researchers pinpoint the energy it takes to make a species
5. Taking a bite out of a fellow worker helps wasps recruit new foragers
6. Taking a break from fractures: A closer look at vitamin D
7. Taking a flying jump
8. Taking the piste out of Alpine vegetation
9. Taking the next step toward growing our own fuel
10. OHSU turns mouse into factory for human liver cells
11. Leukemia drug turns mini-molecules up, cancer genes down

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Vax and Pax Taking turns build eye

(Date:7/8/2015)... 2015  Trovagene, Inc. (NASDAQ: TROV ), ... the launch of a study that aims to ... (PCM) technology for predicting response to treatment in ... of the novel immunotherapy agents Yervoy® (ipilumumab), a ... The 50-patient study will be led by researchers ...
(Date:7/7/2015)... 30, 2015 Research ... addition of the "Capacitive Fingerprint Sensors Patent ... To this date, fingerprint sensing technology is the ... sensors are well developed. This patent landscape focuses ... The domain of capacitive fingerprint sensors is ...
(Date:7/7/2015)... 7, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... mobile commerce market announces a revised version of one of its ... will air on CNBC in New York , ... and San Francisco metro areas.    ... Wocket,s ability to replace all the cards in your wallet and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Trovagene Initiates Study to Monitor Response to Immunotherapy in Melanoma Patients Using its Precision Cancer Monitoring Platform 2Trovagene Initiates Study to Monitor Response to Immunotherapy in Melanoma Patients Using its Precision Cancer Monitoring Platform 3Trovagene Initiates Study to Monitor Response to Immunotherapy in Melanoma Patients Using its Precision Cancer Monitoring Platform 4Worldwide Capacitive Fingerprint Sensors Patent Landscape Market Report 2015-2020 - Main IP Holders include Seiko Epson, AuthenTec, Sony and STMicroelectronics 2Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 2Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 3
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... ... Ralco is honored to announce that it is the primary sponsor of ... 5-9 in Marshall. The Ralco Enrichment Center is an interactive experience where the public ... daily lives. This unique exhibit also features a birthing center for fair goers to ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... TX, USA (PRWEB) , ... July 30, 2015 ... ... and microsystems, has appointed Francois Vieillard as Sales & Marketing Director. , ... positions, Francois Vieillard will be responsible for reinforcing Tronics’ business development activities worldwide. ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... July 30, 2015 , ... ... a field clinical study of its canine osteoarthritis stem cell product, currently under ... (Kansas City, KS) and will be marketed in the US by Aratana. This ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... 30, 2015  With over 60,000 customers across the globe, ISN improves the efficiency ... organizations with more than 60,000 safe and reliable contractors in over 80 countries. ... ... Over 60,000 Worldwide ... Headquartered in Dallas, TX , ISN ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Ralco Announces Primary Sponsorship of Ralco Enrichment Center at Lyon County Fair 2Tronics appoints Francois Vieillard as Sales and Marketing Director 2VetStem Biopharma Successfully Completes Large Milestone Efficacy Study for its Flagship Canine Osteoarthritis Stem Cell Product 2VetStem Biopharma Successfully Completes Large Milestone Efficacy Study for its Flagship Canine Osteoarthritis Stem Cell Product 3ISN Reaches Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers 2ISN Reaches Over 60,000 Worldwide Customers 3
Cached News: