HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Volcanic plumbing dictates development of deep-sea hydrothermal vents

EUGENE, Ore. -- After years of results that repeatedly dogged him, University of Oregon geologist Douglas R. Toomey decided to follow the trail of data surfacing from the Pacific Ocean. In doing so, he and his collaborators may have altered long-held assumptions involving plate tectonics on the ocean floor.

Reporting in the March 22 issue of Nature, Toomey and co-authors from four other institutions propose that, one, the flow in the Earth's mantle is rotated beneath the East Pacific Rise, causing the plate boundary to change orientation with time. Secondly, they argue that deep-sea hydrothermal vents frequently form above volcanoes where upwelling of the mantle and spreading of the plates are aligned.

Surprisingly, Toomey added, the amount of magma produced by volcanoes under both aligned and non-aligned mantle-plate regions is relatively equal, but that magma only in aligned sections regularly breaches the crust. When the volcanic plumbing between the mantle and crust is not aligned, magma cools and volatiles are lost as the magma moves laterally, he said. Most of the magma then remains under the sea floor.

For years, geologic theory has predicted that magma production alone is vital to fuel hydrothermal vents, or the hot smokers where microorganisms such as the Archaea thrive. These new findings indicate that the volcanic-plumbing system better explains why one volcano hosts hot smokers, while another does not, Toomey said.

We've had the data since 1997 and the germ of our results for the last six years, said Toomey, whose funding came through the Ridge 2000 initiative of the National Science Foundation. We've really solidified our findings in the last 18 months. The mantle is moving or flowing in one direction, and the plate boundary is trying to catch up. We've talked for years about passive flow models for ocean ridges - the mantle upwells as a passive response to plate motion. Now we see the mantle flow
'"/>

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon
21-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Volcanic eruptions, ancient global warming linked
2. West Antarcticas subglacial plumbing system mapped from space
3. Teamwork between 2 key proteins necessary for normal development and regulation of red blood cells
4. MicroRNA works with Ago2 protein to regulate blood cell development
5. Study provides new data about the laws governing embryo development in organisms
6. Common environmental chemicals in diet affect fetal ovarian development
7. The Cancer Genome Atlas awards funds for technology development
8. Marine worm opens new window on early cell development
9. Regulating alternative splicing during neural development
10. UCF professor finds bacterial pathogen may be key to understanding cancer development
11. Loss of cells antenna linked to cancers development

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/3/2017)... 3, 2017  Data captured by IsoCode, ... detected a statistically significant association between the ... treatment and objective response of cancer patients ... predict whether cancer patients will respond to ... well as to improve both pre-infusion potency testing ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... YORK , March 30, 2017 Trends, ... type (physiological and behavioral), by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, iris ... voice recognition, and others), by end use industry (government ... and immigration, financial and banking, and others), and by ... Europe , Asia Pacific , ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... CENTRE, N.Y. , March 27, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics ... Outpatient EMR Adoption Model sm . In addition, ... 12% of U.S. hospitals using an electronic medical ... CHS for its high level of EMR usage ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 2017 , ... We are proud to announce the successful ... Dilworth, MN site. The inspection took place Monday, July 31st through Friday, August ... a routine Bioresearch Monitoring Program (BIMO) with the USFDA wherein multiple Dermatology Vasoconstriction ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... After spending the past two years building a state-of-the-art ... GeneFo now offers this platform to healthcare stakeholders (hospitals, foundations, biopharma ... and data collection vis a vis their members, under their own ... of this offer. ... ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... of the largest Asian exhibitions for analytical and scientific instruments. This year’s symposium, ... be “New Approaches in Mass Spectrometry for Bioanalytical Applications.” This dynamic presentation will ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... , ... August 15, 2017 , ... The Conference ... on Immuno-Oncology 360° (IO360°) programming through a series of upcoming panels and events. The ... 7-9, 2018, at The Roosevelt Hotel in New York City. , “With our experience ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: