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A unique breed of cockroach may hold the key to explaining why women who delay having children until later life have lower fertility compared to women who gave birth in their teens.

Scientists have long speculated why, from an evolutionary perspective, a woman's reproductive history should influence her ability to have children in the future. Now, biologists at The University of Manchester have been given some clues after studying the mating behaviour of the dusky roach (Nauphoeta cinerea).

"This cockroach is unusual in that it gives birth to live young, rather than laying eggs, even nurturing them in their first few hours of life," said Dr Patricia Moore, in the University's Faculty of Life Sciences.

"The females also experience reproductive cycles and show age-related decline in fertility and so provide an excellent opportunity to examine the mechanisms by which females lose reproductive potential as they delay breeding."

Earlier research by Dr Moore showed that female dusky roaches that were prevented from mating did indeed lose fertility in later life. They were also far less choosy about who they mated with once reintroduced to males.

"The females would normally spend a good few minutes sniffing and climbing all over potential mates but these older females spent much less time choosing a partner," said Dr Moore.

"We also found that they lost fertility in later life they had fewer clutches and fewer young in those clutches; I was curious to find out why."

Dr Moore's latest research, published in the science journal Evolution and Development, suggests a natural biochemical reaction is to blame.

"The female cockroaches reach sexual maturity at six days but we delay mating by two weeks. Adults live for about a year, so even at this age they are still quite young.

"As we expected, the eggs that would have been fertilised had the female been allowed to mate were discarded through a natural, cont
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Contact: Aeron Haworth
aeron.haworth@manchester.ac.uk
44-161-275-8383
University of Manchester
16-Jun-2005


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