HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Worth the wait? A neural mechanism related to impulsive decision-making

Researchers at the Ruhr-University Bochum in Germany and the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand, have identified single neurons in the pigeon forebrain that play a role in controlling impulsive decisions--in the pigeons' case, the preference for a small, immediate reward over a large, delayed reward.

In contrast to assumptions made by many economic theories, decisions by humans and other animals are often not rational, and their actions are not always exclusively directed toward the maximization of gain. A prominent example of such sub-optimal choice behavior is impulsive decision-making, in which case an immediate but disadvantageous reward may be preferred over a delayed but more advantageous reward.

In their new work, Tobias Kalenscher and colleagues trained pigeons to choose between a small and a large reward. At the beginning of a session, both rewards were delivered immediately after the choice was made, but the delivery of a large reward was increasingly delayed as the session progressed. At first, pigeons preferred the large reward, but once the preceding delay exceeded a critical threshold of duration, they switched to preferring the small but fast reward. Reward preference in this task therefore depended on both reward amount and time-to-reward. Using single-cell electrophysiological recordings from freely moving pigeons, the authors provided evidence that single neurons in the avian forebrain showed increased activity in anticipation of an upcoming reward. This reward-related activation was greater when the pigeons expected a large reward than when they expected a small one. But most importantly, the degree of activation decreased as the delay between the choice and the large reward increased, until this degree of activation dropped below that of activation related to the expectance of a small reward. This drop in neural activation coincided with the pigeons' preference shift from the large, delayed reward to the small, fast rewar
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
1-617-397-2879
Cell Press
11-Apr-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Regulating alternative splicing during neural development
2. New insights into the neural basis of anxiety
3. Left-right wiring determined by neural communication in the embryonic worm
4. Neuronal differentiation of human neural stem cell grafts in adult rat spinal cord
5. Detailed 3-D image catches a key regulator of neural stem cell differentiation in action
6. Mysterious neural noise actually primes brain for peak performance
7. Dartmouth researchers find a neural signature of bilingualism
8. Making a face: A new and earlier marker of neural crest development
9. Carnegie Mellon study identifies impact of neural connections in learning process
10. New insights into neural tube defects
11. Figuring out the ups and downsand sidewaysof neural development

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Worth the wait neural mechanism related impulsive decision making

(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014  HITLAB SM announced today its ... to confirm its adherence to current U.S. Food ... HITLAB to conduct regulated smart device and smart ... patient safety and research quality. "HITLAB ... and delivery with innovative technology," said Laura ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... Dec. 09, 2014 Research and Markets ... ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/twhjll/biometrics_market ) has announced the ... APAC Region 2015-2019"  report to their offering. ... market is advances in technology. With continuous advances ... solutions to the latest standard that meets the ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... -- Valencell, a leader in performance biometric data sensor technology, ... its licensees for highly accurate, clinically validated biometric technology. ... from fitness and health sectors, but first responders/military and ... only as useful as the biometric data it delivers. ... long-term mass consumer adoption of wearable products," said Dr. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):HITLAB Completes GCP Audit for FDA Smart Device & App Compliance 2Biometrics Market in the APAC Region 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2Wearable Technology Products Demand Highly Accurate Biometric Technology 2
(Date:12/19/2014)...  Decision Resources Group finds that the ... moderately through 2023 as the aging population, increasing adoption ... biomaterials all spur procedure volumes. Growth will be particularly ... and India , where ... for a larger proportion of the population. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... --  ISN has released its third annual U.S. ... publication series. With data aggregated from over eight billion ... its online contractor management platform, ISNetworld, this three-part series ... statistics. The Contractor Performance ... available in two industry specific volumes: Oil & ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 16, 2014 The Activated Carbon ... which is why IBISWorld updated its original industry research ... benefit from an intensified focus on environmental policy. Over ... emission standards for power plants and a range of ... IBISWorld Industry Analyst Sarah Kahn, “a range of downstream ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... December 16, 2014 “Never say, ... Philipps- Universität Marburg’s Department of Physics, advises young ... the newly released SPIE Women in Optics ... too shy to ask questions.” , In the ... and mathematics) occupations ranging from university professor and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 2Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 3ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 2ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 3Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 2Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 3Network, Multitask, Persevere: SPIE Women in Optics Planner Subjects Share from Experience 2Network, Multitask, Persevere: SPIE Women in Optics Planner Subjects Share from Experience 3
Cached News: