HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
'Wurst' ensures that the respiratory system works

This release is also available in English.

A newly discovered transmembrane protein called "Wurst" (sausage) appears to play a decisive role in breathing possibly in all animals, from flies to human beings. This insight is reported by scientists from the University of Bonn and the Gttingen-based Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in the online edition of the journal "Nature Cell Biology". In the common fruit fly, Drosophila, the protein ensures the proper formation and functioning of the respiratory system. Indeed, it may have a key function in the process of lung maturation in mammals, too. This discovery possibly means that the protein could offer an exciting starting point for the development of new drugs to treat respiratory problems such as impaired lung function in premature infants.

Insects do not have lungs. Rather, their gas exchange is performed by means of small holes in the chitin exoskeleton. Oxygen is delivered to the cells via an extensive system of air-conveying tubes. Known as tracheae in insects, the tubes split into ever smaller branches, ending in ultra-fine end sections that deliver the respiratory gas into the tissue.

"The tracheae system in insects reveals similarities to our own lungs," explains the Bonn-based development biologist Professor Dr. Michael Hoch. "Our lungs also consist of a system of tubes that branch out like trees, finally ending in the air cells called alveoli. This is where the inhaled oxygen enters the blood." Analogies have also been discovered in the way the two respiratory systems develop. Thus, a series of very similar growth factors ensure that the tubes branch out appropriately and achieve the right diameter.

Another factor shared by tracheal breathers and lung breathers is that the respiratory tubes are initially filled with liquid in their early development. At the birth of
'"/>

Contact: Professor Dr. Michael Hoch
m.hoch@uni-bonn.de
49-228-734-621
University of Bonn
13-Jun-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. MUHC ensures blood without bugs
2. For yeast, a DNA break ensures sex switch for a grandchild
3. Genetic defect links respiratory disease and congenital heart disease
4. Study of unexplained respiratory infections leads researchers to new virus
5. Study identifies risk factors for spread of respiratory infections in hospitals
6. Newborns with respiratory distress potentially have rare genetic disease
7. Long-term marijuana smoking leads to respiratory complaints
8. Nearly a quarter of children are especially susceptible to respiratory illness if they are exposed to second-hand smoke
9. Study shows how respiratory disorder slows some racehorses
10. Scripps research scientists discover new key to pulmonary edema in respiratory distress syndrome
11. Quantum dots provide a faster, more sensitive method for detecting respiratory viral infections

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Wurst ensures that the respiratory system works

(Date:8/28/2014)... Minn. A Mayo Clinic researcher and his collaborators ... up and enhance the process of re-engineering cells for ... uses network biology methods to aid stem cell engineering. ... engineering are described in two back-to-back papers in the ... a broad range of uses for all types of ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 28, 2014  Privacy Advocate and Senior Staff Attorney ... , joins the lineup of biometric and mobile commerce ... UnPlugged Executive Summit in Tampa, Florida ... announced speakers include Steven Rahman, Director, Technology and Strategy at ... Experian. The theme of this year,s event is Mobility ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... the most commonly diagnosed learning disability in the ... occurs when the regions of the brain that ... use of non-invasive functional neuroimaging tools has helped ... However, most prior work has focused on only ... gap in our understanding of how multiple brain ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New tool aids stem cell engineering for medical research 2Biometrics UnPlugged Welcomes the Electronic Frontier Foundation's Jennifer Lynch to the Mobility at the Crossroads of Commerce and Privacy Summit 2Dyslexic readers have disrupted network connections in the brain 2
(Date:8/27/2014)... BOSTON , Aug. 27, 2014 Rhythm, ... diseases and genetic deficiencies that result in metabolic disorders, ... on Form S-1 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange ... of shares of its common stock. The number of ... the offering have not yet been determined. ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... YORK , Aug. 27, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... research report is available in its catalogue: ... 2014-2018 http://www.reportlinker.com/p02316661/Global-Biodegradable-Packaging-Materials-Market-2014-2018.html ... materials are materials that are readily decomposed ... differs from conventional non-degradable packaging in terms ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... is how plants survive impact by the huge ... while using this energy for photosynthesis. The hypothesis ... blades quickly dissipate the energy throughout the entire ... DTU Physics have now managed to successfully ,film, ... contain light-absorbing proteins which play a role in ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... Aug. 27, 2014 Reportlinker.com announces that ... its catalogue: Global Chelating Agents Market ... About Chelating Agent A chelating agent is ... with metal ions, thereby forming a metal-ion complex. ... have on chemical processes, formulations, and the environment ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Rhythm Files Registration Statement for Proposed Initial Public Offering 2Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 2Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 3Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 4Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 5Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 6Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 7DTU researchers film protein quake for the first time 2Global Chelating Agents Market 2014-2018 2Global Chelating Agents Market 2014-2018 3Global Chelating Agents Market 2014-2018 4
Cached News: