HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Yale researchers use laser light to remote control flies

New Haven, Conn. Scientists at Yale have genetically designed triggers in the brains of fruit flies that allow the flies' behavior to be controlled with laser light, according to an article in the April 8 issue of the journal Cell.

In some experiments the light controls were engineered to alter how the flies jump, beat their wings and fly in an escape response. In other experiments, the light controls were used to activate dopamine neurons that stimulated walking and affected the types of paths the flies chose to follow. Loss of dopamine cell activity in humans underlies Parkinson's disease, a movement disorder.

Unfocused laser light was used to "broadcast" the signal to genetically engineered "phototriggers" that were expressed only in specific groups of cells. Changing conditions of the light pulses altered the activity level of the flies and the direction of their flight. These responses to laser light demonstrated a direct link between specific neurons and specific behaviors.

Gero Miesenbck, associate professor of cell biology at Yale, and principal investigator of the study, explained that the photoreceptors are ion channels that spark action potentials when illuminated. Depending on which neurons are light-sensitive, the remote-controlled flies jump, fly or change their walking patterns on command.

"The ability to control brain functions non-invasively opens many new possibilities for the analysis of neural circuits, the search for the cellular substrates of behavior, and, possibly even restoring function after injury or disease," said Miesenbck "This is a significant step toward moving neuroscience to active and predictive manipulation of behavior."

But, is it mind control? The authors demonstrate that even headless flies take mindful flight if the correct set
'"/>

Contact: Janet Rettig Emanuel
janet.emanuel@yale.edu
203-432-2157
Yale University
7-Apr-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
2. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
3. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
4. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
5. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells
6. U-M researchers find family of on switches that cause prostate cancer
7. 2007 EURYI: 20 young researchers to receive Nobel Prize-sized awards for breakthrough ideas
8. Pets could be source of multiresistant bacteria infections in humans, MU researchers investigate
9. MGH researchers confirm that bone marrow restores fertility in female mice
10. Smithsonians National Zoo researchers use electronic eggs to help save threatened species
11. U-M researchers identify gene involved in breast cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Yale researchers use laser light remote control flies

(Date:10/29/2014)... ceremony held in New York City on September 19, ... American Cancer Society Professor of Genome Sciences and Medicine ... Honorary Doctor of Philosophy of Tel Aviv University, was ... Science. , In addition to her honorary degree from ... the TAU School of Medicine, and for the past ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... kind of stem cell, those referred to as ,facultative, ... is apparently nothing that differentiates these cells from the ... they retain the capacity to become stem cells again. ... an organ that hosts cells that stimulate tissue growth, ... case of a transplant. Knowledge of the underlying ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... the living world compete with members of their ... much they invest into their competitive ability. Some ... access to high-quality resources, while others seem to ... lower-quality resources that are left over for them. ... human societies seems to fluctuate considerably over time. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Geneticist and humanitarian: Prof. Mary-Claire King receives Lasker Award 2A mechanism that allows a differentiated cell to reactivate as a stem cell revealed 2Evolution of competitiveness 2Evolution of competitiveness 3
(Date:10/31/2014)... The report "Dairy Alternative (Beverage) ... Flavored, Sweetened, Unsweetened), Channel (Supermarket, Health Store, Pharmacy, ... Forecast to 2018," defines and segments the dairy ... of revenue and volume for plant-based dairy alternative ... reach $14 Billion by 2018 with the Asia-Pacific ...
(Date:10/31/2014)... 31, 2014  Tavistock Development Co. (TDC), a ... celebrated the groundbreaking of the GuideWell Innovation Center ... The 92,000-square-foot, three-story facility is the first ... designed specifically for life sciences, health innovation, ... the 650-acre Lake Nona Medical City, near the ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Oct. 30, 2014  Ardelyx, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... on cardio-renal, gastrointestinal and metabolic diseases, today announced ... results on Thursday, November 6, 2014. Following the ... live conference call and webcast at 4:30pm ET ... a business update. The live webcast ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... SoundConnect , an industry ... 365 end users the key to turning this ... by adding voice enablement and hybrid audio conferencing. ... a communication tool that includes presence, instant messaging ... O365 becomes a comprehensive unified communications solution. Adding ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Dairy Alternative Beverage Market Projected to Reach $14 Billion by 2018 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Dairy Alternative Beverage Market Projected to Reach $14 Billion by 2018 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Dairy Alternative Beverage Market Projected to Reach $14 Billion by 2018 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 4GuideWell Innovation Center Groundbreaking Hosted by Tavistock Development Company at Lake Nona Medical City 2GuideWell Innovation Center Groundbreaking Hosted by Tavistock Development Company at Lake Nona Medical City 3Ardelyx to Report Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results on November 6, 2014 2SoundConnect Launches Voice Enablement and Hybrid Audio Conferencing for Office 365 2SoundConnect Launches Voice Enablement and Hybrid Audio Conferencing for Office 365 3
Cached News: