HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
A new method for early detection of disease outbreaks

For disease outbreak detection, the public health community has historically relied on the watchful eyes of doctors, who have reported individual cases or clusters of cases of particular diseases to the authorities. But these days, the availability of electronic health-care data should facilitate more automated and earlier outbreak detection and intervention. Besides diagnoses of known diseases, other indicators--such as primary complaints of patients coming to the emergency room or calling a nurse hotline--are being collected in electronic formats and could be analyzed if suitable methods existed.

Martin Kulldorff and colleagues have developed and operated real-time disease surveillance systems based on electronic records. In an article published in the open-access medical journal PLoS Medicine, they now report a new and very flexible approach for early disease outbreak detection.

The method, called the "space time permutation scan statistic," is an extension of a previous method of detecting outbreaks called scan statistic. The problem with this previous method is that it works only under certain circumstances, for example if there is a uniform population at risk (with the same number of expected disease cases in every square kilometer), or if quite a bit is known about the variation in factors such as age and disease susceptibility that occurs in that population. The new method doesn't need any of that: it can detect disease outbreaks when only the number of cases is available.

In their article, Kulldorff and colleagues illustrate the utility of the new method by applying it to data collected from hospital emergency departments in New York City. The researchers analyzed diarrhea records from 2002, and did both a "residential analysis" (based on the home address of the patients) and a "hospital analysis" (based on hospital locations). The former has more detailed geographical information, the latter maybe be better able to
'"/>

Contact: Paul Ocampo
pocampo@plos.org
1-415-624-1224
Public Library of Science
14-Feb-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. New fingerprint visualization method uses X-rays to reveal missing clues
2. New method to fix cleft palate shows promise in Mayo Clinic lab study
3. Colonoscopy still most effective colorectal cancer screening method
4. Colonoscopy most reliable method for detecting colon cancer
5. Stanford study finds new method improves chemotherapy survival in mice
6. New marrow transplant method developed at Stanford may eliminate fatal side effects
7. New sampling method to track HIV-risk behavior
8. Initiative yields effective methods for anthrax detection; RAMP and MIDI, Inc., methods approved
9. Interventional methods may increase the use of evidence-based practice
10. Novel delivery method for nutrients wins Kaye Innovation Award for Hebrew university students
11. Different methods of adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer have similar outcomes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: new method for early detection disease outbreaks

(Date:4/22/2014)... MD, April 22, 2014: The Association for Molecular ... The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics on recommendations ... baccalaureate and master,s levels of education. The report ... Curriculum Task Force of the AMP Training and ... critical need of educating future medical laboratory scientists ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... German . ... but their mode of action is complex: In low ... behavior, while at high concentrations they can cause "oxidative ... how redox signaling unfolds in single cells and organelles ... developed jointly by the teams of LMU Professor Martin ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... we all seem to know who we say is neurotic ... isn,t unable to act but simply doesn,t want to., ... study of nearly 4,000 college students in 19 countries has ... decisions and moving forward with life. Turns out that when ... just don,t like it as much as non-neurotics. Therefore persuasive ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... This news release is available in German . ... F. Perutz Laboratories of the University of Vienna and the ... Zurich, have now shown how double stranded RNA, such as ... a cell. During the immune response against viral infection, the ... cytoplasm. There it modifies viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... like toddlers, but their total brain size suggests ... or fox squirrel, according to a new study ... from orangutans to zebra finches. , Scientists at ... than two-dozen other research institutions collaborated on this ... defined in the study as the ability to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:AMP publishes curriculum recommendations for medical laboratory scientists 2Health News:Neuroimaging: Live from inside the cell 2Health News:Neurotics don't just avoid action: They dislike it 2Health News:How the body fights against viruses 2Health News:How the body fights against viruses 3Health News:Brain size matters when it comes to animal self-control 2Health News:Brain size matters when it comes to animal self-control 3
(Date:1/15/2014)...  Celsion Corporation (the "Company") (NASDAQ: CLSN ) ... investors to purchase an aggregate of approximately $15 million ... direct offering, led by a dedicated health care fund. ... with these investors pursuant to which the Company agreed ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... , Jan. 15, 2014  Manufacturers, suppliers and distributors ... able to protect their most important business assets, ... ) Because of the highly-competitive ... remains one of the most litigious industry sectors ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... , Jan. 15, 2014 The Cadence Fitness ... Fitness Center by the Medical Fitness Association, a non-profit ... achieve their full potential. The Cadence Fitness & Health ... western suburbs and second in the Chicagoland area. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Celsion Corporation Announces $15 Million At-The-Market Registered Direct Offering 2Celsion Corporation Announces $15 Million At-The-Market Registered Direct Offering 3Intellectual Property Insurance for Medical-related Products and Services 2Cadence Fitness & Health Center Certified as Medical Fitness Facility 2Cadence Fitness & Health Center Certified as Medical Fitness Facility 3
Cached News: