HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
A new method for early detection of disease outbreaks

For disease outbreak detection, the public health community has historically relied on the watchful eyes of doctors, who have reported individual cases or clusters of cases of particular diseases to the authorities. But these days, the availability of electronic health-care data should facilitate more automated and earlier outbreak detection and intervention. Besides diagnoses of known diseases, other indicators--such as primary complaints of patients coming to the emergency room or calling a nurse hotline--are being collected in electronic formats and could be analyzed if suitable methods existed.

Martin Kulldorff and colleagues have developed and operated real-time disease surveillance systems based on electronic records. In an article published in the open-access medical journal PLoS Medicine, they now report a new and very flexible approach for early disease outbreak detection.

The method, called the "space time permutation scan statistic," is an extension of a previous method of detecting outbreaks called scan statistic. The problem with this previous method is that it works only under certain circumstances, for example if there is a uniform population at risk (with the same number of expected disease cases in every square kilometer), or if quite a bit is known about the variation in factors such as age and disease susceptibility that occurs in that population. The new method doesn't need any of that: it can detect disease outbreaks when only the number of cases is available.

In their article, Kulldorff and colleagues illustrate the utility of the new method by applying it to data collected from hospital emergency departments in New York City. The researchers analyzed diarrhea records from 2002, and did both a "residential analysis" (based on the home address of the patients) and a "hospital analysis" (based on hospital locations). The former has more detailed geographical information, the latter maybe be better able to
'"/>

Contact: Paul Ocampo
pocampo@plos.org
1-415-624-1224
Public Library of Science
14-Feb-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. New fingerprint visualization method uses X-rays to reveal missing clues
2. New method to fix cleft palate shows promise in Mayo Clinic lab study
3. Colonoscopy still most effective colorectal cancer screening method
4. Colonoscopy most reliable method for detecting colon cancer
5. Stanford study finds new method improves chemotherapy survival in mice
6. New marrow transplant method developed at Stanford may eliminate fatal side effects
7. New sampling method to track HIV-risk behavior
8. Initiative yields effective methods for anthrax detection; RAMP and MIDI, Inc., methods approved
9. Interventional methods may increase the use of evidence-based practice
10. Novel delivery method for nutrients wins Kaye Innovation Award for Hebrew university students
11. Different methods of adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer have similar outcomes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: new method for early detection disease outbreaks

(Date:7/29/2014)... 2014)A diet rich in soy may help feminine hearts, ... today in Menopause , the journal of The ... to the diet of women in Asia, produces the ... similar to Asian migrants to North America, leads to ... and switching to soy from a Western diet after ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... July 29, 2014 Daily Gossip indicates in ... method was created for any sufferer who is looking for ... The author of the new program, Sarah Summer, says that ... suffered from yeast infection, too. Actually, this is the reason ... this problem. , The Natural Cure for Yeast ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... Port Washington, New York (PRWEB) July 29, 2014 ... dedicated to protecting the rights of victims injured by ... action lawsuit has been filed by plaintiffs in Canada ... increased risk of cardiovascular events with the low ... was filed on July 22, 2014 in the Ontario ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... Regardless of the good things that ... to share those with. Love is about understanding, commitment ... Love is also about overcoming all the challenges that ... perfect relationship, women need to know how to understand ... Him program, please visit the official website at ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... of severe combat injuries threatening more than one limb, ... record of safety and effectiveness in avoiding amputation, reports ... Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery , the official medical ... (ASPS). , Experience with multiple limb salvage procedures ... success rates, with no increase in complications compared to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Soy may help women's hearts if they start early 2Health News:Natural Cure for Yeast Infection Review Reveals Sarah Summer’s Healing Method 2Health News:Class Action Lawsuit in Canada Alleges Manufacturer of Delatestryl Testosterone Injection Failed to Warn of Cardiovascular Risks, Parker Waichman LLP Reports 2Health News:Class Action Lawsuit in Canada Alleges Manufacturer of Delatestryl Testosterone Injection Failed to Warn of Cardiovascular Risks, Parker Waichman LLP Reports 3Health News:How to Reach the Heart of the Perfect Guy with "Enchant Him Program" - a Report by Daily Gossip Magazine 2Health News:Good outcomes with multiple limb salvage after severe combat injuries, reports Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2
(Date:7/29/2014)...  EnteroMedics Inc. (NASDAQ: ETRM ), the ... obesity, metabolic diseases and other gastrointestinal disorders, today announced ... August 7, 2014 at 11:00 AM Eastern Time to ... 30, 2014 and to provide a business update. ... conference call may be accessed by dialing (877) 280-7473 ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... 29, 2014 New high priced hepatitis C ... by a projected $2.9 to $5.8 billion next year, ... Milliman released today by the Pharmaceutical Care Management Association ... increase by as much as 8.6 percent in 2015 ... Sovaldi and Olysio. The study finds that ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... and NEW YORK , ... of the executive management team of Caremark Rx, ... Media ( www.pbm365.com ).  PBM365 is the leading independent ... reporting, insight, analysis and opinion on the pharmacy ... will provide insightful and timely coverage of, and context ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:EnteroMedics to Host Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results and Business Update Conference Call 2EnteroMedics to Host Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results and Business Update Conference Call 3New Milliman Study: Hepatitis C Drugs Could Increase Medicare Part D Spending by $2.9 to $5.8 Billion in 2015 2Drew Crawford Announces Launch of PBM365 Media 2
Cached News: