HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Aircraft cabin ventilation influences the transmission of diseases in-flight

This release is also available in German.

Increasing ventilation within aircraft cabins can reduce the spread of infectious diseases in-flight, suggests a review published in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Mark Gendreau (Lahey Clinic Medical Centre, MA, USA) and colleagues reviewed data from studies looking at the transmission of diseases during commercial air travel. They found that while commercial airlines are a suitable environment for the spread of pathogens carried by passengers or crew, the environmental control systems used in commercial aircraft seem to restrict the spread of airborne pathogens. Proper ventilation within any confined space reduces the concentration of airborne organisms, with one air exchange removing 63% of airborne organisms suspended in that particular space. Computer models of data from an in-flight tuberculosis investigation reveal that doubling ventilation rate in the cabin reduced infection risk by half.

Investigations of in-flight transmission of tuberculosis suggest that the risk of disease transmission to other symptom-free passengers within the aircraft cabin is associated with sitting within two rows of a contagious passenger for a flight time of more than 8 hours. This is believed to be relevant to other airborne infectious diseases. However, in one outbreak of SARS, passengers as far as seven rows away from the source passenger were affected.

The review states that disinsection of aircraft - spraying before landing to kill insects - and vector control around airports, as well as immunisation, seem to have been effective in non-endemic areas. However, although International Health regulations recommend disinsecting aircraft travelling from countries with malaria and other vector-borne disease only five countries currently do so (Australia, Caribbean, India, Kiribati, and Uruguay).

The authors believe the avi
'"/>

Contact: Joe Santangelo
j.santangelo@elsevier.com
1-212-633-3810
Lancet
10-Mar-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Aircraft technology helps diagnose artificial hip, knee problems
2. Recirculated airplane cabin air does not cause more colds
3. Air rather than oxygen for babies requiring ventilation after delivery
4. Study shows new patient care process can decrease risk to children on mechanical ventilation
5. USC researchers find evidence that progesterone signaling influences ovarian cancer risk
6. Parental control of media influences behavior
7. GPs beliefs about patients influences treatment
8. Environmental and dietary influences on cancer risk
9. Place of death influences hospital league tables
10. High societal cost of brain and nervous system disorders attributed to genetic influences
11. Environmental influences found to have role for development and function of the pain system

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Dr. ... with persons with autism and other developmental disabilities, as well as supporting staff ... education, adolescents with autism, school consultation, and staff development. She joined the company ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... 28, 2020 , ... Ernst & Young LLP (EY US) ... Of The Year® 2020 Florida Award finalist. Now in its 34th year, the ... growth and prosperity as they build and sustain successful businesses that transform our ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... With in-person gluten-free ... to continue helping the specialty-diet community connect with great, gluten-free brands. At the ... enter giveaways, chat with brands & watch over 50 educational classes... all online ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... ... strongly suggest that obese individuals are at an increased risk of developing severe ... likely to catch COVID-19; however, because the same organ systems that the coronavirus ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... MORRISTOWN, N.J. (PRWEB) , ... August 27, 2020 ... ... has continued to partner with Evolution Labs to provide their students with Suite360:Mental ... issues related to Mental Health, Substance Abuse and Child Trafficking Prevention. , Florida ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/3/2020)... ... September 03, 2020 , ... Q&J ... ( https://www.colorado.edu/lab/vance/masks ), an aerosol and engineering lab, conducted tests on Q&J’s personal ... the COVID-19 virus than many other masks. Q&J face masks have both mechanical ...
(Date:9/2/2020)... ... September 02, 2020 , ... U.S. Dermatology Partners is excited ... Lee will work at Bethesda Dermatopathology Lab. , Jonathan Lee, MD grew ... of California, Berkley. He went on to receive his M.D. with Honors from Harvard ...
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... September 01, 2020 , ... Breast and ovarian cancers are common ... About 3% of breast cancers (about 7,500 women per year) and 10% of ovarian ... BRCA2 genes. Both genes are detectable in the Women’s Excellence Genetic Testing Program. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: